KJV - 12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
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✿ Both sin and death came by Adam's transgression of Gen. 2:17. In Rom. 5:12-21 Paul shows that the consequences of Christ's obedience extend as far as Adam's disobedience. Gentiles are descendants of Adam and partake of his sin and its consequences, so they are free to partake of the redemption of Christ. This again puts the Gentiles on an equal basis with Jews in Adam, Abraham, and Christ. Sin is of universal effect. From Adam all people derive their beings (Acts 17:26). The whole race was in his loins when he sinned. He was its spiritual, moral, and physical fountainhead, and its sole representative. He did not act as a single person but as the whole race. When he fell he sinned for all. When God contracted with him, it was a contract for the whole race. His progeny became a part of the covenant and blessings if he obeyed and of the curses if he sinned. ✿ Ten Facts about the Sin committed by one man: ❶ Sin came to the world by one man. ❷ It was not in the world at creation. ❸ Sin came from outside the world. ❹ Sin caused death to enter the race. ❺ Sin is universal in effects (Rom. 5:12). ❻ It was here 2,500 years before Moses. ❼ Is not imputed without a law. ❽ Did not come by Moses' law. ❾ Penalty came before Moses' law. ❿ Both sin and death came by Adam's transgression of Gen. 2:17.
Paul is referring to the commission of the first sin, as related in Genesis 3:1-19, by Adam and Eve. He says that sin entered the world through one man (even though it was technically a woman (Eve) who first disobeyed God's commandment by eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil) since it was to Adam directly (prior to the creation of Eve) that God had originally given the commandment not to eat the fruit of that tree (Genesis 2:16); because Adam (as well as Eve) had eaten the fruit; and because Adam and Eve (as husband and wife) were considered to be "one flesh" (Genesis 2:24). Therefore, the disobedience was said to have originated with Adam. Also, although the eating of the forbidden fruit was a sin of action, it was caused by an underlying sin of thought (that is, the sin of pride) by Eve and Adam in believing Satan's lie that eating the fruit would make them like God, which was the same desire on Satan's (Lucifer's) part that had originally resulted in his expulsion from heaven (Isaiah 14:12-15).
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