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The word "disciple" refers to a learner or follower. The word "apostle" means "one who is sent out." While Jesus was on earth, His twelve followers were called disciples. The twelve disciples follo...
The original 12: 1. Simon (Peter) 2. Andrew 3. James (son of Zebedee) 4. John (James brother) 5. Philip 6. Bartholomew 7. Thomas 8. Matthew 9. James (son of Alphaeus) 10. Thaddaeus 11. Simon (the zealot) 12. Judas Iscariot Replacements/additions Matthias officially replaces Judas Iscariot in Acts 1, You could call Matthias an original Disciple, though not officially picked by Jesus. The other disciples picked him because he had been with them the whole time and he was an eyewitness, along with the others of everything.. What about Paul? In summary he was converted (not his own word) in Acts 9, He went into the desert, then after three years went to Jerusalem, then after 14 years, he went back to confer with the apostles, at which time they laid hands on him, which is really when Paul becomes an apostle. (Galatians 1). It isn't until 1 Cor 1, in one of his letters that he calls himself an Apostle. The term Apostle should be reserved for the original Apostles. Websters definition of "Apostle" refers to someone who is an originator or first follower of a sect or religion. One could argue that Paul saw Christ when he was converted on the road to Damascus. He certainly was picked by the other Apostles and was a very early follower. James, the brother of Jesus, was not an Apostle. Don't mix him up with the other two James who were Apostles. However he is an important figure in the New Testament He was made head of the church in Jerusalem for a time. He was also known as James the Just. Perhaps there is another entry for this James elsewhere in this eBible exchange.
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