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The Roman Catholic Church teaches that the pope is infallible when he speaks from his position of authority on a particular issue or doctrine (speaking ex cathedra). Many misunderstand "papal infal...
Popes are not mentioned in the Bible. At all. Therefore it is not possible to have Biblical support for the doctrine of Papal infallibility. There is Biblical reference to Peter, but there is no connection in the Bible between Peter and Popes. The idea that Peter was the first Pope and passed his authority on to other popes is a human idea and not found in the Bible.
Yes, but only to the Catholic and a few others that use their teachings and traditions to teach about a Pope that is head of the Christian Church. No to the other denominations that study the Bible for there is nothimg in the Prostestant Bible regarding a Pope. The Head of the Church is Jesus Christ whom is the only mediator between God and man. The New Testament (which quotes from the Old Testament) teaches that Jesus Christ is the only way to Eternal Life.
Let me break up my answer into three parts: 1. Papal Primacy - that the pope is first among equals. 2. Papal Authority - as designated by the keys to the kingdom. 3. Papal Succession - that there is a continuous line. Papal Primacy We see Peter mentioned in the bible as the first to step forward and speak out, courageous to step out of the boat and walk on water, heading the list of apostles, often times called "Peter and the rest". He baptises the first Gentile, Cornelius. Jesus seem to single him out. In Luke 22:32, he prays for Peter, "that your faith may not fail ... strengthen your brothers." In John 21:17, he tells Peter, "Feed my sheep." When Jesus ascended into heaven, Peter instictively took charge. Papal Authority Peter had authority. He led the election of Matthias to replace Judas. He gave the first sermon at Pentecost, and 3000 were added to their number that day. He spoke bravely before the Sanhedrin. The Sanhedrin couldn't keep him quiet! Lying to Peter about the price of a sold property cost Ananias and Sapphira their lives. He led the First Council at Jerusalem to discuss the necessity for circumcision. In Acts 15:7, after much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them, and the debate was over. Peter is set up as a kind of prime minister role, as denoted by the keys. In Matthew 16:17-19, Jesus gives Peter this authority, "Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." Papal Succession In Isaiah 22:20-22, it shows the keys of the kingdom tied closely to the office of the Palace Administrator, the person second-in-command to the King. Shebna, the current palace administrator is being kicked out (he will die) and Eliakim is set to take his place. The same authority is passed on to him, "what he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open." Pope is English for Papa or Father. It is in Isaiah 22:21 where we make this connection, "He will be a father to those who live in Jerusalem and to the people of Judah." Peter is set up for this same office. Whenever a king, apostle, or palace administrator dies, another takes his place and the same authority is passed on to the next, as with the case of David, Judas and Shebna.
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