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According to Genesis, humans receive life from God (Gen 2:7). God “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (KJV). God did not give Adam a soul - Adam became a soul. God's formula for creating Adam is simple: Dust + breath of life = Soul. At death, the process of creation goes in reverse: Soul - breath of life = dust. “The dust returns to the earth as it was, and the life's breath returns to God who gave it (Eccl 12:7, NET Bible). Humans do not have a “soul” but are a “soul” (1 Cor 15:45) and even animals are “souls” (Gen 1:20; 9:10; Rev 16:3). The “soul” can weep (Jer 13:17), souls can be taken captive (Jer 52:28-30) and be baptized (Acts 2:41). The soul also can die (Eze 18:4; James 5:20; Rev 20:4; Ps 89:48; Job 36:14; Lev 19:8; 21:1, 11). From all the above-mentioned texts we can clearly see that the term “soul” refers to the entire human being. Upon death, the humans goes into a dreamless sleep and awaits the first resurrection of the saints, or the 2nd resurrection of the wicked (John 5:28, 29; Dan 12:2; 12:13; Eccl 9:5, 6, 10).
On the 6th day God used the earth to make man and then He breathed His Spirit of life into man - and man became a living soul (A + B = C, where C is the living soul). At the time of death these two are again separated. The dust returns to the earth and His living Spirit/breath returns to Him. The soul or one’s essence is no longer and the “dead” know nothing more. That is, UNTIL God once again resurrects the living soul (either at the rapture or the Day of Judgment).
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