Genesis 2:2 - 3
ESV - 2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. 3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.
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God created the Sabbath for mankind and set aside the seventh-day of the week as a holy day of rest and remembrance. The only day God blessed and made holy is the seventh-day Sabbath – there in no Bible record of any other day. Christ taught that “the sabbath was made for man” (Mark 2:27) and Adam was the only man alive at the time God made the Sabbath. There were no Jews in the world for at least 2,000 years. In Mark 2:27 the Greek word translated as man is anthrópos and Bible writes used anthrópos as generic term for mankind. The same word is used in connection with the institution of marriage that was also introduced at creation - woman was made for man and the Sabbath was made for man. Jesus made the Sabbath (John 1:1-3) and He claimed the title “Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28). Thus, if He is the Lord of the Sabbath day, then the Sabbath must be the Lord’s day. In writing the Ten Commandments, God called it “the sabbath of the Lord” (Ex 20:10). In Isaiah He is quoted as saying, “The sabbath, my holy day” (Isaiah 58:13). Jesus’ custom was to worship on the Sabbath (Luke 4:16), His closest followers kept the Sabbath (Mark 16:1, 2; Luke 23:56) just as the apostles did (Acts 13:13, 14; 17:2) - also the Gentiles and the early Church kept the Sabbath (Acts 13:42, 44; 16:13; 18:4). Luke, a Gentile, who wrote the book of Luke and Acts says that he wrote his Gospel (book of Luke) about all of Jesus’ teachings (Acts 1:1-3) but he never wrote anything about a change of the Sabbath or any commandment that abolished the Sabbath observance. Finally, there is the popular belief that the Ten Commandments were abolished at the Cross and Grace nullified the Law - but that is not what Paul is saying (Rom 6:15; 3:31). Although most of us agree that keeping the 1st, 2nd. 3rd, 5th, 6th 7th, 8th, or the 9th commandment is a good thing - the 4th commandment observance for many is always an emotional and controversial topic. Nonetheless, the Bible teaches that saved people should show respect for God's Law (1 John 3:4; James 2:10, 11; Rev 14:12).
God's words to Moses in Exodus 31:12-17 indicated that the Sabbath was a sign between God and Israel. As elaborated on by Paul in Colossians 2:8-19 (writing to a congregation that (like other New Testament congregations, and with God's express approval (Acts 10)) included Gentile Christians who would not have been raised or familiar with observance of the seventh-day Sabbath), that requirement, as well as all the other ceremonial aspects of the Law (such as circumcision, dietary restrictions, and Jewish religious observances) with respect to salvation and eternal life were forever satisfied by Christ's perfect observance of them (without the added legalistic human traditions that had been appended to them over the centuries), and His subsequent abolition of them by their being figuratively nailed with Him to the cross.
One point, God did not say that Saturday, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday or Friday was the sabbath but did say the seventh day was. Six days I should work but rest on the seventh day. The seventh day for me is on a Sunday because I work on the other days, even though I take my aunt to her SDA church on Saturday so she can worship God on her seventh day. And let us worship God every day.
God created a day, He rested on that day, He blessed the seventh day, and He sanctified it, which means He made it holy or set it apart for holy use. God Himself "rested" on the seventh day. It shows how seriously the day is meant to be taken, because God himself rested on it and set His example for us to follow! It should remind us that God didn't make the first day special, or any other day. The special blessing is for the seventh day and no other.
Genesis was written in a metaphoric fashion. The bible doesn't say that God needed to rest, it just says he rested. This rest is in association with the completion of his work. At no point in Genesis was this rest bestowed upon mankind to adhere to as weekly cycle. And finally we cannot read something in Exodus and then blindly apply it back to Genesis. If that's the case then you would have to apply everything about the Sabbath found in Exodus back to the book of Genesis.
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