Proverbs 23

Words of the Wise

1 When you sit down to eat with a ruler,
Consider carefully what is before you;
2 And put a knife to your throat
If you are a man given to appetite.
3 Do not desire his delicacies,
For they are deceptive food.
4 a Do not overwork to be rich;
b Because of your own understanding, cease!
5 1 Will you set your eyes on that which is not?
For riches certainly make themselves wings;
They fly away like an eagle toward heaven.
6 Do not eat the bread of c a 2 miser,
Nor desire his delicacies;
7 For as he thinks in his heart, so is he.
"Eat and drink!" d he says to you,
But his heart is not with you.
8 The morsel you have eaten, you will vomit up,
And waste your pleasant words.
9 e Do not speak in the hearing of a fool,
For he will despise the wisdom of your words.
10 Do not remove the ancient 3 landmark,
Nor enter the fields of the fatherless;
11 f For their Redeemer is mighty;
He will plead their cause against you.
12 Apply your heart to instruction,
And your ears to words of knowledge.
13 g Do not withhold correction from a child,
For if you beat him with a rod, he will not die.
14 You shall beat him with a rod,
And deliver his soul from 4 hell.
15 My son, if your heart is wise,
My heart will rejoice - indeed, I myself;
16 Yes, my 5 inmost being will rejoice
When your lips speak right things.
17 h Do not let your heart envy sinners,
But i be zealous for the fear of the LORD all the day;
18 j For surely there is a 6 hereafter,
And your hope will not be cut off.

19 Hear, my son, and be wise;
And guide your heart in the way.
20 k Do not mix with winebibbers,
Or with gluttonous eaters of meat;
21 For the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty,
And drowsiness will clothe a man with rags.

22 l Listen to your father who begot you,
And do not despise your mother when she is old.
23 m Buy the truth, and do not sell it,
Also wisdom and instruction and understanding.
24 n The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice,
And he who begets a wise child will delight in him.
25 Let your father and your mother be glad,
And let her who bore you rejoice.

26 My son, give me your heart,
And let your eyes observe my ways.
27 o For a harlot is a deep pit,
And a seductress is a narrow well.
28 p She also lies in wait as for a victim,
And increases the unfaithful among men.

29 q Who has woe?
Who has sorrow?
Who has contentions?
Who has complaints?
Who has wounds without cause?
Who r has redness of eyes?
30 s Those who linger long at the wine,
Those who go in search of t mixed wine.
31 Do not look on the wine when it is red,
When it sparkles in the cup,
When it 7 swirls around smoothly;
32 At the last it bites like a serpent,
And stings like a viper.
33 Your eyes will see strange things,
And your heart will utter perverse things.
34 Yes, you will be like one who lies down in the 8 midst of the sea,
Or like one who lies at the top of the mast, saying:
35 "They u have struck me, but I was not hurt;
They have beaten me, but I did not feel it.
When shall v I awake, that I may seek another drink?"

  1. Cross References
    Proverbs 28:20
    A faithful man will abound with blessings, But he who hastens to be rich will not go unpunished.
    Matthew 6:19
    Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal.
    1 Timothy 6:9
    But those who desire to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and harmful lusts which drown men in destruction and perdition.
    1 Timothy 6:10
    For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have strayed from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
    Hebrews 13:5
    Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, "I will never leave you nor forsake you.
  2. Cross References
    Romans 12:16
    Be of the same mind toward one another. Do not set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Do not be wise in your own opinion.
  3. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 15:9
    Beware lest there be a wicked thought in your heart, saying, 'The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand,' and your eye be evil against your poor brother and you give him nothing, and he cry out to the LORD against you, and it become sin among you.
    Proverbs 28:22
    A man with an evil eye hastens after riches, And does not consider that poverty will come upon him.
  4. Cross References
    Proverbs 12:2
    A good man obtains favor from the LORD, But a man of wicked intentions He will condemn.
  5. Cross References
    Proverbs 9:8
    Do not correct a scoffer, lest he hate you; Rebuke a wise man, and he will love you.
    Matthew 7:6
    Do not give what is holy to the dogs; nor cast your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you in pieces.
  6. Cross References
    Proverbs 22:23
    For the LORD will plead their cause, And plunder the soul of those who plunder them.
  7. Cross References
    Proverbs 13:24
    He who spares his rod hates his son, But he who loves him disciplines him promptly.
  8. Cross References
    Psalms 37:1
    Do not fret because of evildoers, Nor be envious of the workers of iniquity.
    Proverbs 24:1
    Do not be envious of evil men, Nor desire to be with them.
    Proverbs 24:19
    Do not fret because of evildoers, Nor be envious of the wicked.
  9. Cross References
    Proverbs 28:14
    Happy is the man who is always reverent, But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity.
  10. Cross References
    Psalms 37:37
    Mark the blameless man, and observe the upright; For the future of that man is peace.
  11. Cross References
    Proverbs 20:1
    Wine is a mocker, Strong drink is a brawler, An...
    Proverbs 23:29
    Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contention...
    Proverbs 23:30
    Those who linger long at the wine, Those who go...
    Isaiah 5:22
    Woe to men mighty at drinking wine, Woe to men ...
    Matthew 24:49
    And begins to beat his fellow servants, and to ...
    Luke 21:34
    But take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts b...
    Romans 13:13
    Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in rev...
    Ephesians 5:18
    And do not be drunk with wine, in which is diss...
  12. Cross References
    Proverbs 1:8
    My son, hear the instruction of your father, And do not forsake the law of your mother.
    Ephesians 6:1
    Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
  13. Cross References
    Proverbs 4:7
    Wisdom is the principal thing; Therefore get wisdom. And in all your getting, get understanding.
    Proverbs 18:15
    The heart of the prudent acquires knowledge, And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.
    Matthew 13:44
    Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid; and for joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.
  14. Cross References
    Proverbs 10:1
    The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son makes a glad father, But a foolish son is the grief of his mother.
  15. Cross References
    Proverbs 22:14
    The mouth of an immoral woman is a deep pit; He who is abhorred by the LORD will fall there.
  16. Cross References
    Proverbs 7:12
    At times she was outside, at times in the open square, Lurking at every corner.
    Ecclesiastes 7:26
    And I find more bitter than death The woman whose heart is snares and nets, Whose hands are fetters. He who pleases God shall escape from her, But the sinner shall be trapped by her.
  17. Cross References
    Isaiah 5:11
    Woe to those who rise early in the morning, That they may follow intoxicating drink; Who continue until night, till wine inflames them!
    Isaiah 5:22
    Woe to men mighty at drinking wine, Woe to men valiant for mixing intoxicating drink.
  18. Cross References
    Genesis 49:12
    His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk.
  19. Cross References
    1 Samuel 25:36
    Now Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was, ho...
    Proverbs 20:1
    Wine is a mocker, Strong drink is a brawler, An...
    Proverbs 21:17
    He who loves pleasure will be a poor man; He wh...
    Isaiah 5:11
    Woe to those who rise early in the morning, Tha...
    Isaiah 28:7
    But they also have erred through wine, And thro...
    Ephesians 5:18
    And do not be drunk with wine, in which is diss...
  20. Cross References
    Psalms 75:8
    For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup, And the wine is red; It is fully mixed, and He pours it out; Surely its dregs shall all the wicked of the earth Drain and drink down.
  21. Cross References
    Proverbs 27:22
    Though you grind a fool in a mortar with a pestle along with crushed grain, Yet his foolishness will not depart from him.
    Jeremiah 5:3
    O LORD, are not Your eyes on the truth? You have stricken them, But they have not grieved; You have consumed them, But they have refused to receive correction. They have made their faces harder than rock; They have refused to return.
  22. Cross References
    Ephesians 4:19
    Who, being past feeling, have given themselves over to lewdness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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