Mark 12

The Parable of the Tenants

1 Then a He began to speak to them in parables: "A man planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a place for the wine vat and built a tower. And he leased it to 1 vinedressers and went into a far country. 2 "Now at vintage-time he sent a servant to the vinedressers, that he might receive some of the fruit of the vineyard from the vinedressers. 3 "And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4 "Again he sent them another servant, 2 and at him they threw stones, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated. 5 "And again he sent another, and him they killed; and many others, b beating some and killing some. 6 "Therefore still having one son, his beloved, he also sent him to them last, saying, 'They will respect my son.' 7 "But those 3 vinedressers said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.' 8 "So they took him and c killed him and cast him out of the vineyard. 9 "Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vinedressers, and give the vineyard to others.

10 "Have you not even read this Scripture:
d 'The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone.
11 This was the LORD's doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes'? " 4

12 e And they sought to lay hands on Him, but feared the multitude, for they knew He had spoken the parable against them. So they left Him and went away.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

13 f Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to catch Him in His words. 14 When they had come, they said to Him, "Teacher, we know that You are true, and 5 care about no one; for You do not 6 regard the person of men, but teach the g way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15 "Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?" But He, knowing their h hypocrisy, said to them, "Why do you test Me? Bring Me a denarius that I may see it." 16 So they brought it. And He said to them, "Whose image and inscription is this?" They said to Him, "Caesar's." 17 And Jesus answered and said to them, 7 "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to i God the things that are God's." And they marveled at Him.

The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection

18 j Then some Sadducees, k who say there is no resurrection, came to Him; and they asked Him, saying: 19 "Teacher, l Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies, and leaves his wife behind, and leaves no children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 "Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife; and dying, he left no offspring. 21 "And the second took her, and he died; nor did he leave any offspring. And the third likewise. 22 "So the seven had her and left no offspring. Last of all the woman died also. 23 "Therefore, in the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be? For all seven had her as wife."

24 Jesus answered and said to them, "Are you not therefore 8 mistaken, because you do not know the Scriptures nor the power of God? 25 "For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but m are like angels in heaven. 26 "But concerning the dead, that they n rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying, o 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob' ? 9 27 "He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. You are therefore greatly 10 mistaken."

The Great Commandment

28 p Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, 11 perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, "Which is the 12 first commandment of all?" 29 Jesus answered him, "The 13 first of all the commandments is: q 'Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one. 30 'And you shall r love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.' 14 15 This is the first commandment. 31 "And the second, like it, is this: s 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' 16 There is no other commandment greater than t these." 32 So the scribe said to Him, "Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one God, u and there is no other but He. 33 "And to love Him with all the heart, with all the understanding, 17 with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, v is more than all the whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." 34 Now when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God." w But after that no one dared question Him.

Whose Son Is the Christ?

35 x Then Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, "How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David?

36 "For David himself said y by the Holy Spirit:
z 'The LORD said to my Lord,
"Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool." ' 18

37 "Therefore David himself calls Him 'Lord'; how is He then his a Son?" And the common people heard Him gladly.

Beware of the Scribes

38 Then b He said to them in His teaching, c "Beware of the scribes, who desire to go around in long robes, d love greetings in the marketplaces, 39 "the e best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts, 40 f "who devour widows' houses, and 19 for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation."

The Widow's Offering

41 g Now Jesus sat opposite the treasury and saw how the people put money h into the treasury. And many who were rich put in much. 42 Then one poor widow came and threw in two 20 mites, 21 which make a 22 quadrans. 43 So He called His disciples to Himself and said to them, "Assuredly, I say to you that i this poor widow has put in more than all those who have given to the treasury; 44 "for they all put in out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty put in all that she had, j her whole livelihood."

  1. Cross References
    Matthew 21:33 - 46
    Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country.
    Luke 20:9 - 19
    Then He began to tell the people this parable: "A certain man planted a vineyard, leased it to vinedressers, and went into a far country for a long time.
  2. Cross References
    2 Chronicles 36:16
    But they mocked the messengers of God, despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, till there was no remedy.
  3. Cross References
    Acts 2:23
    Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death.
  4. Cross References
    Psalms 118:22
    The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.
    Psalms 118:23
    This was the LORD's doing; It is marvelous in our eyes.
  5. Cross References
    Matthew 21:45
    Now when the chief priests and Pharisees heard ...
    Matthew 21:46
    But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they ...
    Mark 11:18
    And the scribes and chief priests heard it and ...
    John 7:25
    Now some of them from Jerusalem said, "Is this ...
    John 7:30
    Therefore they sought to take Him; but no one l...
    John 7:44
    Now some of them wanted to take Him, but no one...
  6. Cross References
    Matthew 22:15 - 22
    Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk.
    Luke 20:20 - 26
    So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and the authority of the governor.
  7. Cross References
    Acts 18:26
    So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately.
  8. Cross References
    Matthew 23:28
    Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
    Luke 12:1
    In the meantime, when an innumerable multitude of people had gathered together, so that they trampled one another, He began to say to His disciples first of all, "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
  9. Cross References
    Ecclesiastes 5:4
    When you make a vow to God, do not delay to pay it; For He has no pleasure in fools. Pay what you have vowed -
    Ecclesiastes 5:5
    Better not to vow than to vow and not pay.
  10. Cross References
    Matthew 22:23 - 33
    The same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him.
    Luke 20:27 - 38
    Then some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him and asked Him.
  11. Cross References
    Acts 23:8
    For Sadducees say that there is no resurrection - and no angel or spirit; but the Pharisees confess both.
  12. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 25:5
    If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies and has no son, the widow of the dead man shall not be married to a stranger outside the family; her husband's brother shall go in to her, take her as his wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her.
  13. Cross References
    1 Corinthians 15:42
    So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption.
    1 Corinthians 15:49
    And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly Man.
    1 Corinthians 15:52
    In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
  14. Cross References
    John 5:25
    Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is comin...
    John 5:28
    Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming i...
    John 5:29
    And come forth - those who have done good, to t...
    Acts 26:8
    Why should it be thought incredible by you that...
    Romans 4:17
    (as it is written, "I have made you a father of...
    Revelation 20:12
    And I saw the dead, small and great, standing b...
    Revelation 20:13
    The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and De...
  15. Cross References
    Exodus 3:6
    Moreover He said, "I am the God of your father - the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
    Exodus 3:15
    Moreover God said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.
  16. Cross References
    Matthew 22:34 - 40
    But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together.
    Luke 10:25 - 28
    And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?
    Luke 20:39
    Then some of the scribes answered and said, "Teacher, You have spoken well.
  17. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 6:4
    Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one!
    Deuteronomy 6:5
    You shall love the LORD your God with all your ...
    Isaiah 44:8
    Do not fear, nor be afraid; Have I not told you...
    Isaiah 45:22
    Look to Me, and be saved, All you ends of the e...
    Isaiah 46:9
    Remember the former things of old, For I am God...
    1 Corinthians 8:6
    Yet for us there is one God, the Father, of who...
  18. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 10:12
    And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all His ways and to love Him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
    Deuteronomy 30:6
    And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.
    Luke 10:27
    So he answered and said, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,' and 'your neighbor as yourself.'
  19. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:18
    You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.
    Matthew 22:39
    "And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'
    Galatians 5:14
    For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: "You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
    James 2:8
    If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you do well.
  20. Cross References
    Romans 13:9
    For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery," "You shall not murder," "You shall not steal," "You shall not bear false witness," "You shall not covet," and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
  21. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 4:39
    Therefore know this day, and consider it in you...
    Isaiah 45:6
    That they may know from the rising of the sun t...
    Isaiah 45:14
    Thus says the LORD: "The labor of Egypt and mer...
    Isaiah 46:9
    Remember the former things of old, For I am God...
    John 1:14
    And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, a...
    John 1:17
    For the law was given through Moses, but grace ...
    John 14:6
    Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, an...
  22. Cross References
    1 Samuel 15:22
    So Samuel said: "Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.
    Hosea 6:6
    For I desire mercy and not sacrifice, And the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
    Micah 6:6 - 8
    With what shall I come before the LORD, And bow myself before the High God? Shall I come before Him with burnt offerings, With calves a year old?
    Matthew 9:13
    "But go and learn what this means: 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice.' For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance."
    Matthew 12:7
    But if you had known what this means, 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice,' you would not have condemned the guiltless.
  23. Cross References
    Matthew 22:46
    And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.
  24. Cross References
    Matthew 22:41 - 46
    While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them.
    Luke 20:41 - 44
    And He said to them, "How can they say that the Christ is the Son of David?
  25. Cross References
    2 Samuel 23:2
    The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, And His word was on my tongue.
  26. Cross References
    Psalms 110:1
    The LORD said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.
  27. Cross References
    Acts 2:29 - 31
    Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.
  28. Cross References
    Mark 4:2
    Then He taught them many things by parables, and said to them in His teaching:
  29. Cross References
    Matthew 23:1 - 7
    Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples.
    Luke 20:45 - 47
    Then, in the hearing of all the people, He said to His disciples.
  30. Cross References
    Matthew 23:7
    "greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, 'Rabbi, Rabbi.'
    Luke 11:43
    Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seats in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces.
  31. Cross References
    Luke 14:7
    So He told a parable to those who were invited, when He noted how they chose the best places, saying to them:
  32. Cross References
    Matthew 23:14
    Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.
  33. Cross References
    Luke 21:1 - 4
    And He looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury.
  34. Cross References
    2 Kings 12:9
    Then Jehoiada the priest took a chest, bored a hole in its lid, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one comes into the house of the LORD; and the priests who kept the door put there all the money brought into the house of the LORD.
  35. Cross References
    2 Corinthians 8:12
    For if there is first a willing mind, it is accepted according to what one has, and not according to what he does not have.
  36. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 24:6
    No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge, for he takes one's living in pledge.
    1 John 3:17
    But whoever has this world's goods, and sees his brother in need, and shuts up his heart from him, how does the love of God abide in him?
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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