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Matthew 12

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

1 At that time a Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. And His disciples were hungry, and began to b pluck heads of grain and to eat. 2 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!" 3 But He said to them, "Have you not read c what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4 "how he entered the house of God and ate d the showbread which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, e but only for the priests? 5 "Or have you not read in the f law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple 1 profane the Sabbath, and are blameless? 6 "Yet I say to you that in this place there is g One greater than the temple. 7 "But if you had known what this means, h 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice,' 2 you would not have condemned the guiltless. 8 "For the Son of Man is Lord 3 even of the Sabbath."

A Man with a Withered Hand

9 i Now when He had departed from there, He went into their synagogue. 10 And behold, there was a man who had a withered hand. And they asked Him, saying, j "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?" - that they might accuse Him. 11 Then He said to them, "What man is there among you who has one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? 12 "Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath." 13 Then He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and it was restored as whole as the other. 14 Then k the Pharisees went out and plotted against Him, how they might destroy Him.

God's Chosen Servant

15 But when Jesus knew it, l He withdrew from there. m And great 4 multitudes followed Him, and He healed them all. 16 Yet He n warned them not to make Him known, 17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:

18 "Behold! o My Servant whom I have chosen,
My Beloved p in whom My soul is well pleased!
I will put My Spirit upon Him,
And He will declare justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not quarrel nor cry out,
Nor will anyone hear His voice in the streets.
20 A bruised reed He will not break,
And smoking flax He will not quench,
Till He sends forth justice to victory;
21 And in His name Gentiles will trust." 5

Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit

22 q Then one was brought to Him who was demon-possessed, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the 6 blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 23 And all the multitudes were amazed and said, "Could this be the r Son of David?" 24 s Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, "This fellow does not cast out demons except by 7 Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons." 25 But Jesus t knew their thoughts, and said to them: "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 26 "If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 "And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges. 28 "But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, u surely the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 v "Or how can one enter a strong man's house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will plunder his house. 30 "He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad. 31 "Therefore I say to you, w every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, x but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men. 32 "Anyone who y speaks a word against the Son of Man, z it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.

A Tree Is Known by Its Fruit

33 "Either make the tree good and a its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit. 34 b "Brood 8 of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? c For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. 35 "A good man out of the good treasure 9 of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things. 36 "But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment. 37 "For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned."

The Sign of Jonah

38 d Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, "Teacher, we want to see a sign from You." 39 But He answered and said to them, "An evil and e adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 f "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 g "The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and h condemn it, i because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here. 42 j "The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.

Return of an Unclean Spirit

43 k "When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, l he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none. 44 "Then he says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.' And when he comes, he finds it empty, swept, and put in order. 45 "Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; m and the last state of that man is worse than the first. So shall it also be with this wicked generation."

Jesus' Mother and Brothers

46 While He was still talking to the multitudes, n behold, His mother and o brothers stood outside, seeking to speak with Him. 47 Then one said to Him, "Look, p Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with You." 48 But He answered and said to the one who told Him, "Who is My mother and who are My brothers?" 49 And He stretched out His hand toward His disciples and said, "Here are My mother and My q brothers! 50 "For r whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother."

  1. Cross References
    Mark 2:23
    Now it happened that He went through the grainfields on the Sabbath; and as they went His disciples began to pluck the heads of grain.
    Luke 6:1 - 5
    Now it happened on the second Sabbath after the first that He went through the grainfields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands.
  2. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 23:25
    When you come into your neighbor's standing grain, you may pluck the heads with your hand, but you shall not use a sickle on your neighbor's standing grain.
  3. Cross References
    Exodus 31:15
    Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
    Exodus 35:2
    Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh day shall be a holy day for you, a Sabbath of rest to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it shall be put to death.
    1 Samuel 21:6
    So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread which had been taken from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away.
  4. Cross References
    Exodus 25:30
    And you shall set the showbread on the table before Me always.
    Leviticus 24:5
    And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it. Two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake.
  5. Cross References
    Exodus 29:32
    Then Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
    Leviticus 8:31
    And Moses said to Aaron and his sons, "Boil the flesh at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and eat it there with the bread that is in the basket of consecration offerings, as I commanded, saying, 'Aaron and his sons shall eat it.
    Leviticus 24:9
    "And it shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from the offerings of the LORD made by fire, by a perpetual statute."
  6. Cross References
    Numbers 28:9
    And on the Sabbath day two lambs in their first year, without blemish, and two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, with its drink offering -
    John 7:22
    Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.
  7. Cross References
    2 Chronicles 6:18
    But will God indeed dwell with men on the earth...
    Isaiah 66:1
    Thus says the LORD: "Heaven is My throne, And e...
    Isaiah 66:2
    For all those things My hand has made, And all ...
    Malachi 3:1
    Behold, I send My messenger, And he will prepar...
    Matthew 12:41
    The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment...
    Matthew 12:42
    The queen of the South will rise up in the judg...
  8. Cross References
    1 Samuel 15:22
    So Samuel said: "Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.
    Hosea 6:6
    For I desire mercy and not sacrifice, And the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
    Micah 6:6 - 8
    With what shall I come before the LORD, And bow myself before the High God? Shall I come before Him with burnt offerings, With calves a year old?
    Matthew 9:13
    "But go and learn what this means: 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice.' For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance."
  9. Cross References
    Mark 3:1 - 6
    And He entered the synagogue again, and a man was there who had a withered hand.
    Luke 6:6 - 11
    Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the synagogue and taught. And a man was there whose right hand was withered.
  10. Cross References
    Luke 13:14
    But the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath; and he said to the crowd, "There are six days on which men ought to work; therefore come and be healed on them, and not on the Sabbath day.
    Luke 14:3
    And Jesus, answering, spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?
    John 9:16
    Therefore some of the Pharisees said, "This Man is not from God, because He does not keep the Sabbath." Others said, "How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?" And there was a division among them.
  11. Cross References
    Psalms 2:2
    The kings of the earth set themselves, And the ...
    Matthew 27:1
    When morning came, all the chief priests and el...
    Mark 3:6
    Then the Pharisees went out and immediately plo...
    Luke 6:11
    But they were filled with rage, and discussed w...
    John 5:18
    Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill ...
    John 10:39
    Therefore they sought again to seize Him, but H...
    John 11:53
    Then, from that day on, they plotted to put Him...
  12. Cross References
    Matthew 10:23
    When they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
    Mark 3:7
    But Jesus withdrew with His disciples to the sea. And a great multitude from Galilee followed Him, and from Judea
  13. Cross References
    Matthew 19:2
    And great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there.
  14. Cross References
    Matthew 8:4
    And Jesus said to him, "See that you tell no one; but go your way, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.
    Matthew 9:30
    And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, "See that no one knows it.
    Matthew 17:9
    Now as they came down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, "Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man is risen from the dead.
  15. Cross References
    Isaiah 42:1 - 4
    Behold! My Servant whom I uphold, My Elect One in whom My soul delights! I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles.
    Isaiah 49:3
    "And He said to me, 'You are My servant, O Israel, In whom I will be glorified.'
  16. Cross References
    Matthew 3:17
    And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
    Matthew 17:5
    While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!
  17. Cross References
    Matthew 9:32
    As they went out, behold, they brought to Him a man, mute and demon-possessed.
    Mark 3:11
    And the unclean spirits, whenever they saw Him, fell down before Him and cried out, saying, "You are the Son of God.
    Luke 11:14
    And He was casting out a demon, and it was mute. So it was, when the demon had gone out, that the mute spoke; and the multitudes marveled.
    Luke 11:15
    But some of them said, "He casts out demons by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.
  18. Cross References
    Matthew 9:27
    When Jesus departed from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out and saying, "Son of David, have mercy on us!
    Matthew 21:9
    Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: "Hosanna to the Son of David! ' Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!' Hosanna in the highest!
  19. Cross References
    Matthew 9:34
    But the Pharisees said, "He casts out demons by the ruler of the demons.
    Mark 3:22
    And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, "He has Beelzebub," and, "By the ruler of the demons He casts out demons.
    Luke 11:15
    But some of them said, "He casts out demons by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.
  20. Cross References
    Matthew 9:4
    But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?
    John 2:25
    And had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.
    Revelation 2:23
    I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works.
  21. Cross References
    Daniel 2:44
    And in the days of these kings the God of heave...
    Daniel 7:14
    Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a ...
    Luke 1:33
    "And He will reign over the house of Jacob fore...
    Luke 11:20
    But if I cast out demons with the finger of God...
    Luke 17:20
    Now when He was asked by the Pharisees when the...
    Luke 17:21
    "nor will they say, 'See here!' or 'See there!'...
    1 John 3:8
    He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has ...
  22. Cross References
    Isaiah 49:24
    Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, Or the captives of the righteous be delivered?
    Luke 11:21 - 23
    When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are in peace.
  23. Cross References
    Mark 3:28 - 30
    Assuredly, I say to you, all sins will be forgi...
    Luke 12:10
    And anyone who speaks a word against the Son of...
    Hebrews 6:4 - 6
    For it is impossible for those who were once en...
    Hebrews 10:26
    For if we sin willfully after we have received ...
    Hebrews 10:29
    Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, w...
    1 John 5:16
    If anyone sees his brother sinning a sin which ...
  24. Cross References
    Acts 7:51
    You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so do you.
  25. Cross References
    Matthew 11:19
    "The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Look, a glutton and a winebibber, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' But wisdom is justified by her children."
    Matthew 13:55
    Is this not the carpenter's son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?
    John 7:12
    And there was much complaining among the people concerning Him. Some said, "He is good"; others said, "No, on the contrary, He deceives the people.
    John 7:52
    They answered and said to him, "Are you also from Galilee? Search and look, for no prophet has arisen out of Galilee.
  26. Cross References
    1 Timothy 1:13
    Although I was formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and an insolent man; but I obtained mercy because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
  27. Cross References
    Matthew 7:16 - 18
    You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thornbushes or figs from thistles?
    Luke 6:43
    For a good tree does not bear bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit.
    Luke 6:44
    For every tree is known by its own fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.
    John 15:4 - 7
    Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.
  28. Cross References
    Matthew 3:7
    But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
    Matthew 23:33
    Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?
    Luke 3:7
    Then he said to the multitudes that came out to be baptized by him, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
  29. Cross References
    1 Samuel 24:13
    As the proverb of the ancients says, 'Wickednes...
    Isaiah 32:6
    For the foolish person will speak foolishness, ...
    Matthew 15:18
    But those things which proceed out of the mouth...
    Luke 6:45
    A good man out of the good treasure of his hear...
    Ephesians 4:29
    Let no corrupt word proceed out of your mouth, ...
    James 3:2 - 12
    For we all stumble in many things. If anyone do...
  30. Cross References
    Matthew 16:1
    Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven.
    Mark 8:11
    Then the Pharisees came out and began to dispute with Him, seeking from Him a sign from heaven, testing Him.
    Luke 11:16
    Others, testing Him, sought from Him a sign from heaven.
    John 2:18
    So the Jews answered and said to Him, "What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?
    1 Corinthians 1:22
    For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom.
  31. Cross References
    Isaiah 57:3
    But come here, You sons of the sorceress, You offspring of the adulterer and the harlot!
    Matthew 16:4
    A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah." And He left them and departed.
    Mark 8:38
    "For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him the Son of Man also will be ashamed when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels."
    Luke 11:29 - 32
    And while the crowds were thickly gathered together, He began to say, "This is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.
    John 4:48
    Then Jesus said to him, "Unless you people see signs and wonders, you will by no means believe.
  32. Cross References
    Jonah 1:17
    Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
    Luke 24:46
    Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day.
    Acts 10:40
    Him God raised up on the third day, and showed Him openly.
    1 Corinthians 15:4
    And that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.
  33. Cross References
    Jonah 3:5
    So the people of Nineveh believed God, proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest to the least of them.
    Luke 11:32
    The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.
  34. Cross References
    Jeremiah 3:11
    Then the LORD said to me, "Backsliding Israel has shown herself more righteous than treacherous Judah.
    Ezekiel 16:51
    Samaria did not commit half of your sins; but you have multiplied your abominations more than they, and have justified your sisters by all the abominations which you have done.
    Romans 2:27
    And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?
  35. Cross References
    Jonah 3:5
    So the people of Nineveh believed God, proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest to the least of them.
  36. Cross References
    1 Kings 10:1 - 13
    Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to test him with hard questions.
    2 Chronicles 9:1
    Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to Jerusalem to test Solomon with hard questions, having a very great retinue, camels that bore spices, gold in abundance, and precious stones; and when she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about all that was in her heart.
    Luke 11:31
    The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.
  37. Cross References
    Luke 11:24 - 26
    "When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.'
  38. Cross References
    Job 1:7
    And the LORD said to Satan, "From where do you come?" So Satan answered the LORD and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.
    1 Peter 5:8
    Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.
  39. Cross References
    Mark 5:9
    Then He asked him, "What is your name?" And he answered, saying, "My name is Legion; for we are many.
    Luke 11:26
    "Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first."
    Hebrews 6:4 - 8
    For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit.
    Hebrews 10:26
    For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins.
    2 Peter 2:20 - 22
    For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and overcome, the latter end is worse for them than the beginning.
  40. Cross References
    Mark 3:31 - 35
    Then His brothers and His mother came, and standing outside they sent to Him, calling Him.
    Luke 8:19 - 21
    Then His mother and brothers came to Him, and could not approach Him because of the crowd.
  41. Cross References
    Matthew 13:55
    Is this not the carpenter's son? Is not His mot...
    Mark 6:3
    Is this not the carpenter, the Son of Mary, and...
    John 2:12
    After this He went down to Capernaum, He, His m...
    John 7:3
    His brothers therefore said to Him, "Depart fro...
    John 7:5
    For even His brothers did not believe in Him.
    Acts 1:14
    These all continued with one accord in prayer a...
    1 Corinthians 9:5
    Do we have no right to take along a believing w...
    Galatians 1:19
    But I saw none of the other apostles except Jam...
  42. Cross References
    Matthew 13:55
    Is this not the carpenter's son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?
    Matthew 13:56
    "And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this Man get all these things?"
    John 2:12
    After this He went down to Capernaum, He, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days.
    Acts 1:14
    These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.
  43. Cross References
    John 20:17
    Jesus said to her, "Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, 'I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.'
    Romans 8:29
    For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.
  44. Cross References
    John 15:14
    You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.
    Galatians 5:6
    For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love.
    Galatians 6:15
    For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation.
    Colossians 3:11
    Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcised nor uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave nor free, but Christ is all and in all.
    Hebrews 2:11
    For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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