Exodus 22

Laws About Restitution

1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall a restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. 2 "If the thief is found b breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be c no guilt for his bloodshed. 3 "If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed. He should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be d sold 1 for his theft. 4 "If the theft is certainly e found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he shall f restore double.

5 "If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed, and lets loose his animal, and it feeds in another man's field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

6 "If fire breaks out and catches in thorns, so that stacked grain, standing grain, or the field is consumed, he who kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 "If a man g delivers to his neighbor money or articles to keep, and it is stolen out of the man's house, h if the thief is found, he shall pay double. 8 "If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the i judges to see whether he has put his hand into his neighbor's goods. 9 "For any kind of trespass, whether it concerns an ox, a donkey, a sheep, or clothing, or for any kind of lost thing which another claims to be his, the j cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whomever the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

10 "If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep, and it dies, is hurt, or driven away, no one seeing it, 11 "then an k oath of the LORD shall be between them both, that he has not put his hand into his neighbor's goods; and the owner of it shall accept that, and he shall not make it good. 12 "But l if, in fact, it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to the owner of it. 13 "If it is m torn to pieces by a beast, then he shall bring it as evidence, and he shall not make good what was torn.

14 "And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it becomes injured or dies, the owner of it not being with it, he shall surely make it good. 15 "If its owner was with it, he shall not make it good; if it was hired, it came for its hire.

Laws About Social Justice

16 n "If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. 17 "If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the o bride-price of virgins.

18 p "You shall not permit a sorceress to live.

19 q "Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.

20 r "He who sacrifices to any god, except to the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 s "You shall neither mistreat a 2 stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 t "You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. 23 "If you afflict them in any way, and they u cry at all to Me, I will surely v hear their cry; 24 "and My w wrath will become hot, and I will kill you with the sword; x your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 y "If you lend money to any of My people who are poor among you, you shall not be like a moneylender to him; you shall not charge him z interest. 26 a "If you ever take your neighbor's garment as a pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down. 27 "For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What will he sleep in? And it will be that when he cries to Me, I will hear, for I am b gracious.

28 c "You shall not revile God, nor curse a d ruler of your people.

29 "You shall not delay to offer e the first of your ripe produce and your juices. f The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me. 30 g "Likewise you shall do with your oxen and your sheep. It shall be with its mother h seven days; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

31 "And you shall be i holy men to Me: j you shall not eat meat torn by beasts in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.

  1. Cross References
    2 Samuel 12:6
    "And he shall restore fourfold for the lamb, because he did this thing and because he had no pity."
    Proverbs 6:31
    Yet when he is found, he must restore sevenfold; He may have to give up all the substance of his house.
    Luke 19:8
    Then Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Look, Lord, I give half of my goods to the poor; and if I have taken anything from anyone by false accusation, I restore fourfold.
  2. Cross References
    Job 24:16
    In the dark they break into houses Which they marked for themselves in the daytime; They do not know the light.
    Matthew 6:19
    Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal.
    Matthew 24:43
    But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and not allowed his house to be broken into.
    1 Peter 4:15
    But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evildoer, or as a busybody in other people's matters.
  3. Cross References
    Numbers 35:27
    And the avenger of blood finds him outside the limits of his city of refuge, and the avenger of blood kills the manslayer, he shall not be guilty of blood.
  4. Cross References
    Exodus 21:2
    If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years; and in the seventh he shall go out free and pay nothing.
    Matthew 18:25
    But as he was not able to pay, his master commanded that he be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and that payment be made.
  5. Cross References
    Exodus 21:16
    He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death.
  6. Cross References
    Proverbs 6:31
    Yet when he is found, he must restore sevenfold; He may have to give up all the substance of his house.
  7. Cross References
    Leviticus 6:1 - 7
    And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
  8. Cross References
    Exodus 22:4
    If the theft is certainly found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he shall restore double.
  9. Cross References
    Exodus 21:6
    Then his master shall bring him to the judges. ...
    Exodus 21:22
    If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so t...
    Exodus 22:28
    You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of ...
    Deuteronomy 17:8
    If a matter arises which is too hard for you to...
    Deuteronomy 17:9
    And you shall come to the priests, the Levites,...
    Deuteronomy 19:17
    Then both men in the controversy shall stand be...
  10. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 25:1
    If there is a dispute between men, and they come to court, that the judges may judge them, and they justify the righteous and condemn the wicked.
    2 Chronicles 19:10
    Whatever case comes to you from your brethren who dwell in their cities, whether of bloodshed or offenses against law or commandment, against statutes or ordinances, you shall warn them, lest they trespass against the LORD and wrath come upon you and your brethren. Do this, and you will not be guilty.
  11. Cross References
    Hebrews 6:16
    For men indeed swear by the greater, and an oath for confirmation is for them an end of all dispute.
  12. Cross References
    Genesis 31:39
    That which was torn by beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it. You required it from my hand, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
  13. Cross References
    Genesis 31:39
    That which was torn by beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it. You required it from my hand, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
  14. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 22:28
    If a man finds a young woman who is a virgin, who is not betrothed, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are found out.
    Deuteronomy 22:29
    Then the man who lay with her shall give to the young woman's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife because he has humbled her; he shall not be permitted to divorce her all his days.
  15. Cross References
    Genesis 34:12
    "Ask me ever so much dowry and gift, and I will give according to what you say to me; but give me the young woman as a wife."
    1 Samuel 18:25
    Then Saul said, "Thus you shall say to David: 'The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on the king's enemies.' " But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
  16. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:31
    Give no regard to mediums and familiar spirits;...
    Leviticus 20:6
    And the person who turns to mediums and familia...
    Leviticus 20:27
    'A man or a woman who is a medium, or who has f...
    Deuteronomy 18:10
    There shall not be found among you anyone who m...
    Deuteronomy 18:11
    Or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a s...
    1 Samuel 28:3 - 10
    Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had lamente...
    Jeremiah 27:9
    'Therefore do not listen to your prophets, your...
    Jeremiah 27:10
    For they prophesy a lie to you, to remove you f...
  17. Cross References
    Leviticus 18:23
    Nor shall you mate with any animal, to defile yourself with it. Nor shall any woman stand before an animal to mate with it. It is perversion.
    Leviticus 20:15
    If a man mates with an animal, he shall surely be put to death, and you shall kill the animal.
    Leviticus 20:16
    If a woman approaches any animal and mates with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal. They shall surely be put to death. Their blood is upon them.
    Deuteronomy 27:21
    'Cursed is the one who lies with any kind of animal.' "And all the people shall say, 'Amen!'
  18. Cross References
    Exodus 32:8
    "They have turned aside quickly out of the way ...
    Exodus 34:15
    Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants o...
    Leviticus 17:7
    "They shall no more offer their sacrifices to d...
    Numbers 25:2
    They invited the people to the sacrifices of th...
    Deuteronomy 17:2
    If there is found among you, within any of your...
    Deuteronomy 17:3
    Who has gone and served other gods and worshipe...
    Deuteronomy 17:5
    Then you shall bring out to your gates that man...
    1 Kings 18:40
    And Elijah said to them, "Seize the prophets of...
    2 Kings 10:25
    Now it happened, as soon as he had made an end ...
  19. Cross References
    Exodus 23:9
    Also you shall not oppress a stranger, for you know the heart of a stranger, because you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
    Deuteronomy 10:19
    Therefore love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
    Zechariah 7:10
    Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, The alien or the poor. Let none of you plan evil in his heart Against his brother.
  20. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 24:17
    You shall not pervert justice due the stranger ...
    Deuteronomy 24:18
    But you shall remember that you were a slave in...
    Proverbs 23:10
    Do not remove the ancient landmark, Nor enter t...
    Proverbs 23:11
    For their Redeemer is mighty; He will plead the...
    Jeremiah 7:6
    If you do not oppress the stranger, the fatherl...
    Jeremiah 7:7
    Then I will cause you to dwell in this place, i...
    James 1:27
    Pure and undefiled religion before God and the ...
  21. Cross References
    Luke 18:7
    And shall God not avenge His own elect who cry out day and night to Him, though He bears long with them?
  22. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 10:17
    For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality nor takes a bribe.
    Deuteronomy 10:18
    He administers justice for the fatherless and the widow, and loves the stranger, giving him food and clothing.
    Psalms 18:6
    In my distress I called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.
  23. Cross References
    Psalms 69:24
    Pour out Your indignation upon them, And let Your wrathful anger take hold of them.
  24. Cross References
    Psalms 109:9
    Let his children be fatherless, And his wife a widow.
  25. Cross References
    Leviticus 25:35 - 37
    If one of your brethren becomes poor, and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you.
  26. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 23:19
    You shall not charge interest to your brother - interest on money or food or anything that is lent out at interest.
    Deuteronomy 23:20
    To a foreigner you may charge interest, but to your brother you shall not charge interest, that the LORD your God may bless you in all to which you set your hand in the land which you are entering to possess.
    Nehemiah 5:1 - 13
    And there was a great outcry of the people and their wives against their Jewish brethren.
    Psalms 15:5
    He who does not put out his money at usury, Nor does he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things shall never be moved.
    Ezekiel 18:8
    If he has not exacted usury Nor taken any increase, But has withdrawn his hand from iniquity And executed true judgment between man and man.
  27. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 24:6
    No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge, for he takes one's living in pledge.
    Deuteronomy 24:10 - 13
    When you lend your brother anything, you shall not go into his house to get his pledge.
    Job 24:3
    They drive away the donkey of the fatherless; They take the widow's ox as a pledge.
    Proverbs 20:16
    Take the garment of one who is surety for a stranger, And hold it as a pledge when it is for a seductress.
    Amos 2:8
    They lie down by every altar on clothes taken in pledge, And drink the wine of the condemned in the house of their god.
  28. Cross References
    Exodus 34:6
    And the LORD passed before him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth.
    Exodus 34:7
    "keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children's children to the third and the fourth generation."
  29. Cross References
    Ecclesiastes 10:20
    Do not curse the king, even in your thought; Do not curse the rich, even in your bedroom; For a bird of the air may carry your voice, And a bird in flight may tell the matter.
  30. Cross References
    Acts 23:5
    Then Paul said, "I did not know, brethren, that he was the high priest; for it is written, 'You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.'
  31. Cross References
    Exodus 23:16
    And the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.
    Exodus 23:19
    The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring into the house of the LORD your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk.
    Deuteronomy 26:2 - 11
    That you shall take some of the first of all the produce of the ground, which you shall bring from your land that the LORD your God is giving you, and put it in a basket and go to the place where the LORD your God chooses to make His name abide.
    Proverbs 3:9
    Honor the LORD with your possessions, And with the firstfruits of all your increase.
  32. Cross References
    Exodus 13:2
    "Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and beast; it is Mine."
    Exodus 13:12
    That you shall set apart to the LORD all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have; the males shall be the LORD's.
    Exodus 13:15
    'And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.'
  33. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 15:19
    All the firstborn males that come from your herd and your flock you shall sanctify to the LORD your God; you shall do no work with the firstborn of your herd, nor shear the firstborn of your flock.
  34. Cross References
    Leviticus 22:27
    When a bull or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall be seven days with its mother; and from the eighth day and thereafter it shall be accepted as an offering made by fire to the LORD.
  35. Cross References
    Exodus 19:6
    'And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel."
    Leviticus 11:44
    For I am the LORD your God. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves, and you shall be holy; for I am holy. Neither shall you defile yourselves with any creeping thing that creeps on the earth.
    Leviticus 19:2
    Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: 'You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.
  36. Cross References
    Leviticus 7:24
    And the fat of an animal that dies naturally, and the fat of what is torn by wild beasts, may be used in any other way; but you shall by no means eat it.
    Leviticus 17:15
    And every person who eats what died naturally or what was torn by beasts, whether he is a native of your own country or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Then he shall be clean.
    Ezekiel 4:14
    So I said, "Ah, Lord GOD! Indeed I have never defiled myself from my youth till now; I have never eaten what died of itself or was torn by beasts, nor has abominable flesh ever come into my mouth.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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