1 Samuel 13:9 - 14
KJV - 9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering. 10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.
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In the passage in question, of King Saul offering sacrifices to the LORD, the Levitical priesthood was in place. Under the system which was given to the Israelites, only the priests were authorized by God to make these offerings. Furthermore, Saul had been commanded to wait for Samuel to arrive to offer the sacrifices. This was the first of such violations recorded in Scripture. The second occurs in 1 Sam 15:2-9. He had been commanded to "utterly destroy" Agag and the Amalekites. Scripture shows that not only did Saul spare Agag, he kept the best of the flocks. On a side note it was a descendant of Agag, Haman, that caused Esther so much trouble.
Very good question with lessons of great importance during our current age, I humbly submit that the short answer is it simply that wasn't in his job directions or authority. God's perfect mathematical logic is visible throughout His creation where even the tiniest particle has complete complex balance, and reasons known only to Him. Isaiah 46:10 Leviticus 8:5 In His message to the Hebrews (Leviticus) He set forth first what He wanted and how it was to be done, and then second who (tribe or class of people) were to have responsibility for executing the task in the precise order as directed. 1 Samuel 13:11 Saul's transgression was that he was moved to act by fear as he saw his men scattering from the battlefield. Instead of waiting on the Lord in faith, he crossed over a separation, stealing the responsibility and authority of another. Gods separation between a king (people) and the priesthood was in operation. One might be corrupted and fail, but the other may hold fast to His Word, but if we look backward in scripture there is a mystery to be found (a prophecy picture). Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek of Salem (Jerusalum) is both a king and a priest and Abram paid tithes to Melchizedek (which He received) and in turn administered "bread and wine" to Abram. Psalms 110:4; Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:24; Revelation 5:10 These distinctives supersede the previous separation of kingship and priesthood enforced throughout the Old Testament. I submit: Let us hold to God's perfect plan (though viewed currently as quite unfashionable) and not be moved by the narcissistic coercive sight of a polite caterwauling mob. In the Lord's freedom always......................warrior on
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