ESV - 13 Then the king said to the attendants, 'Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
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The term outer darkness means outside of the light. The word OUTER mean outside not extreme...like outer space. The parable is primarily Jewish in its context therefore the Kingdom is in view. Many say that the wedding feast represents heaven but if the man that does not have the wedding garment represents an unsaved person then how does he get into heaven. It will also mean that one can enter into heaven and then be cast into hell. Outer darkness then refers to life outside of the joys the kingdom age. Out side of the light and joy etc of the Kingdom. The weeping and gnashing of teeth is descriptive of the deep anguish of those who though accepted the invitation to attend the wedding feast refuse to wear the wedding Garment. Representing people who accepts the invitation but think that because they are Jews they dont have to live a righteous life as the sermon on the mount tells them how to live. You will see that in that sermon it speaks of those who are greatest in the kingdom, those who are least in the kingdom and then those who are CAST OUT OF the Kingdom. Matt 5:19,20. See similarly in the parable of the talents in Matt. 25 where the servants of the Lord are given talents to use while He not there and then on His return they give an account of how they used the talents. Again the one talent servant is a servant just like the other two. He enters the same judgment as them. So unless one believes in a general judgment then one must conclude this man is a believer. In addition this is a parable of service nit salvation. For if it is salvation then one must conclude salvation is by works. Since salvation cannot be lost then this has to refer to the Kingdom not heaven. This is a great warning to all Believers to live a holy life so when we stand at the Bema seat we will hear the LORD say to us "well done thou good and faithful servant thou has been faithful over a few things I will make you ruler of many things enter thou into the joy of thy Lord. Many believers during the Millennium Kingdom will not enjoy the light joy and peace etc of the Millennium Kingdom after which eternity comes into being and all things are made new with no more crying etc. I know this is not the normal view of outer darkness but many others like Earl Radmacher, G.H. Lang, A..B. Bruce, I.M. Halderman. G. Campbell Morgan. Herbert Lockyer. John Philips. Charles Stanley. Warren Wiersbe et al. God bless you.
Nave's Topical Bible says of Darkness that it is called outer darkness in Matt. 8:12; 22:13; 25:30. I.e. the figurative use of the word, "darkness," is referred to in Matt. 8:12; 22:13; 25:30. Jesus uses the word DARKNESS to illustrate existence apart from the light of God's presence. The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge author, R. A. Torrey, wrote concerning the words "outer darkness": Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 25:30 And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; Michael J. Wilkins mentions concerning the future "Final Darkness. The Old Testament and New Testament describe the future of the ungodly in terms of eschatological darkness, symbolizing perdition (1 Sam 2:9; Matt 22:13; Jude 1:12-13). "Hell" and "pits of darkness" describe the fate of angels who sinned (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6). But for believers darkness will be dispelled by the presence of the light of the glory of God (Rev 21:23-24; 22:5). It is only through the light of God in Jesus Christ that darkness can be dispelled."
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