What were the names of the Pharaohs in Genesis and Exodus?

The Egyptian kings mentioned in the stories of Abraham, Joseph, and Moses do not have any given names but only their title "pharaoh". I am Interested in learning about Egypt and I have heard some suggestions as who they were (Thutmose iii, Rameses II) but no archeological attestations of Hebrew slavery exist in those periods.

Exodus 1:1 - 22

ESV - 1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah.

Clarify Share Report Asked December 01 2013 Mini Jack Sternberg

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Emilio 1992 Emo Tenorio Shomer
Great question the Hyksos a semitic people who conquered the native kings and established a strong government, with Zoan or Tanis as their capital. To the old native Egyptians, who were an African race, the Hyksos foreign rulers from Syria - Palestine 1663-1555 BC were an abomination

Genesis 12:10-20 Abram pharaoh Mentiu 

Genesis 41 Joseph pharaoh was probably Apopi, or Apopis, the last of the Hyksos foreign rulers.

The Hyksos, who for some 108 years had been masters of Egypt, were driven out, and the old dynasty restored. The Israelites now began to be looked down upon. They began to be afflicted and tyrannized over.

Exodus 1:8-22 The “new king who knew not Joseph” has been generally supposed to have been Aahmes I., or Amosis, as he is called by Josephus. Recent discoveries, have led to the conclusion that Seti was the “new king.”

Seti I. was the father of Rameses II., a great and successful warrior, also the great builder of his city Rameses on the Nile in 13 century BC.

In the Lord's freedom to explore..........warrior on

December 01 2013 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

Q jcryle001 JD Abshire
Based on the research of Dr. David Hocking, he believes Pharaoh of the Exodus was Tuthmosis III. 

Rather than me copying and plagiarizing go to

Next click on the blue radio button top-left of the screen "Take this course @ BLBi" 

Open or save the Adobe file "introduction part 2". Begin reading page at 10.
Hocking's knowledge of ancient history and the Word of God is tremendous. The evidence supporting Tuth-"MOSIS" III as the Exodus Pharaoh is awesome! 

You don't actually have to take the course to read the material or listen to the audio but it is a wonderful study for the serious Bible student.

Be blessed!

February 26 2015 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

Mini John Appelt
While no names of the pharaohs of Egypt are mentioned in Genesis and Exodus, there is some idea from the research of archaeologist David Down and author John Ashton, who together wrote “Unwrapping the Pharaohs.” The following is derived from this book:

Khufu or Cheops was probably the pharaoh when Abraham, according to Josephus, gave the Egyptians important information about mathematics and astronomy he learned in Chaldea. This explains why Khufu’s Great Pyramid of Giza was the first to have a perfectly square base, exactly oriented to the points on the compass. 

Djoser, aka Djeser, Netjerikhet, Zoser, was noted for the 7-year famine in about his 18th year. He had a vizier named Imhotep who may have been Joseph. (Conjecture is that Pharaoh Djoser means ‘Pharaoh of Joseph.’)

Senusret III or Sesostris III was likely the pharaoh in time of Egyptian slavery, reigning for about 41 years.

Amenemhet III or Amenemes III was likely pharaoh in time of Moses birth to adulthood. He reigned for 46 years He had no sons, but he had two daughters, one of whom was Sobekneferu who came to the river to ceremonially bathe and to pray to the river god of fertility. She found the infant Moses who may have been later trained to be the next pharaoh and served as co-regent, maybe the same as Amenemhet IV who was not of royal birth and mysteriously disappeared off the scene. Without a male successor, Sobekneferu became queen. 

Sobekneferu or Nefrusobek succeeded Amenemhet III, but she reigned for only four years. At her death a new dynasty, the 13th, began.

Neferhotep I or Khasekemre was likely pharaoh in time of the Exodus. His scarab was the latest scarab of the pharaohs found in the excavation of the town of Kahun (or Lahun). According to Manetho he was the last king to rule before the Hyksos (the same people as the Amalekites) occupied Egypt “without a battle.” The mummy of this pharaoh has never been found, presumably perished in the Red Sea. Furthermore, his son Wahneferhotep did not succeed him, likely dying in the plague of the firstborn. But Neferhotep’s brother Sobkhotep IV reigned a few years. 

There is evidence in Kahun of the population suddenly disappearing. Many everyday articles and tools such as fishing nets, hoes, rakes, mallets, flints, chisels, and knives were left behind. Many papyri of legal and political matters and medical treatments were also found. Beneath the floors of the houses were found many boxes contained the skeletons of babies up to three months old, sometimes three in a box. It was not an Egyptian practice to bury around the home area. Although no evidence remains to determine if the infants were just males, this could fit the scenario of the killing of Israelite boys in Exodus 1. 

The research of David Down and John Ashton offers some possible credible connections of these pharaohs to the unnamed pharaohs.

February 20 2022 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

My picture Jack Gutknecht ABC/DTS graduate, guitar music ministry Baptist church
Great question, Jack! I can only tell you what David Downs and Dr. Ashton said in their article, "The Pharaohs of the Bible," featured in Unwrapping the Pharaohs:

Pharaoh Sesostris I is identified as the pharaoh who appointed Joseph over Egypt, with Joseph himself possibly being identified as Mentuhotep, Sesostris’ vizier or prime minister. Sesostris III would have been the pharaoh who oppressed the Israelite slaves. Going further back in history, Khufu was probably the pharaoh that Abraham met when he visited Egypt.

February 20 2022 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

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