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Who are the two witnesses in the book of Revelation?


Revelation 1:1 - 20

ESV - 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John. 2 Who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.

Clarify Share Report Asked July 01 2013 Mini Anonymous (via GotQuestions)

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Shea S. Michael Houdmann Supporter Got Questions Ministries
There are three primary viewpoints on the identity of the two witnesses in Revelation 11:3-12: (1) Moses and Elijah, (2) Enoch and Elijah, (3) two unknown believers whom God calls to be His witness...

July 01 2013 6 responses Vote Up Share Report

Eced7a1f c81d 42f4 95ea 9d5719dce241 Singapore Moses Messenger of God, CEO in IT industry, Astronaut, Scientist
Eighteen Facts Identifying the Two Witnesses:

1. They are two men, not covenants, dispensations, etc. (Rev. 11: 3, 7- 12). 

2. They are Christ's witnesses (Rev. 11: 3). 

3. They will be given power in the future when they come to earth (Rev. 11: 3). This does not require them to be men who have already exercised this power. 

4. They will be prophets (Rev. 11: 3, 10). 

5. They will prophesy the last 42 months, 1260 days, 3 1/2 years of this age (Rev. 11: 2- 3 12: 6, 14; 13: 5; Dan. 7: 25; 12: 7). 

6. They will be clothed in sackcloth (Rev. 11: 3). 

7. They are symbolized by two olive trees and two candlesticks which stand before God (Rev. 11: 4; Zech. 4: 11- 14). 

8. They were already in heaven when Zechariah prophesied, about 500 years before Christ (Zech. 4: 11- 14). 

9. John saw them in heaven about 96 A. D., so whoever they are they are two men translated to reside in heaven at least 500 years before Christ (Rev. 11: 4; Zech. 4: 11- 14 Mal. 4: 5- 6). 

10. This will exclude John the Baptist, John the Apostle, and every other man living after 500 B. C. They will be invincible for the 3 1/2 years of their ministry (Rev. 11: 5- 7). 

11. They will have power to destroy their enemies the same way their enemies seek to destroy them (Rev. 11: 5). 

12. They will be able to cause fire to come out of their mouths to devour their enemies (Rev. 11: 5). 

13. They will have power to stop rain all the days of their prophecy (Rev. 11: 6). 

14. They will have power to turn the water into blood and smite the earth with plagues as often as they will (Rev. 11: 6). 

15. When the 1260- day ministry is finished the supernatural angelic spirit out of the abyss will use the human Antichrist to kill them (Rev. 11:7). 

16. Since it is appointed unto man once to die (Heb. 9:27), it is certain that they are two men who have never died so that they can die at the hands of the Antichrist in the future. This excludes Moses or any other man who has already died as one of the witnesses. 

17, They will remain dead for 3 1/2 days and then be resurrected (Rev. 11:8- 11). This further proves that they are two men who have never died and that they will not be resurrected, immortal men when they come from heaven to begin their ministry. 

18. There would seem to be only two men in the Bible who could fulfil these facts about the two witnesses. They are Enoch and Elijah. That Elijah will be one of them is clearly predicted in Mal. 4:5- 6. John the Baptist was never Elijah, fulfilling this prophecy. He said that he was not Elijah (Jn. 1:21). He only came in the same spirit and power of Elijah to prepare the hearts of people for the Messiah's first coming in the way that Elijah will prepare their hearts for the second coming of the Messiah (Lk. 1:17). Enoch is the only other man transported so that he would not experience death in his lifetime on earth (Gen. 5:21- 24 Heb. 11:5; 2Ki. 2). Both were prophets of judgment (Jude 1:14- 15 1Ki. 17- 18). Both must come back and die their own appointed death on earth, as all men must who live before the rapture (Heb. 9:27 1Cor. 15:51- 58). If either Enoch or Elijah had been transported in immortal, glorified bodies, they would have been the firstfruits of the resurrection instead of Christ (1Cor. 15:20- 23). This proves they are in heaven in their natural bodies. They will continue there until their return to fulfil Rev. 11. The lives of Enoch and Elijah are parallel in every sense, so their cases rise or fall together as to being the two witnesses.

June 17 2014 5 responses Vote Up Share Report

Stringio Nathan Toronga Christian Elder.
The two witnesses are still the subject of debate. Truth is, that has not yet been revealed.

The following are some of the interpretations:

1. Elijah and Enoch - because these two have not yet tested physical death. (Hebrews 9:27)

Well, it is a fact that some believers who will be alive when Christ is revealed will not test death. So, to insist that Elijah and Enoch must test death may not be very biblical.

2. Elijah and Moses - as a repeat show, because they have appeared together once, at the transfiguration. Matthew 17:3

3. The Old Testament and the New Testament. It is a biblical principle that all matters of doctrine shall be witnessed by two or three witnesses. 2 Corinthians 13:1.
Hence the OT and the NT represent the same truth, from two perspectives. As for the death of these two 'witnesses', see Amos 8:11-12.

These are still subject to revelation. In His own good time, our God will reveal the truth.


January 08 2014 2 responses Vote Up Share Report

Seth3 Seth Freeman
We aren't explicitly told who the two witnesses are, so it's difficult to say with any amount of certainty. 

Some people think it could be Moses and Elijah, but I suspect that it will be two believers living at the time. More than likely, it will be Colin and myself, but we'll just have to wait and see.

January 08 2014 3 responses Vote Up Share Report

Mini Shantkumar S. Kunjam An Indian, Mennonite Church, Pastor, Administrator, Bishop,
Of course it is true that the identity of these two witnesses are not revealed. But the internal evidences point to two individuals.

1. John, the seer of this book of Revelation. Let us closely look to the chs. 10 and 11.
- John receives the Little Book. This event is clearly a part of the future events.
- In Rev. 10:11 John is freshly commissioned to prophesy. This commissioning is again an event that is part of the future. If we say that this commissioning to prophesy about the peoples, nations, tongues and kings has already happened, then it is difficult to reconcile with the age of John who was very old at the time of this revelation towards the closing years of first century.
- In Rev. 11:1 John is asked to measure the temple of God; and this temple is not in heaven but on earth. When John received this command there was no temple standing in Jerusalem. So this is really in the future.
- John and his brother's character in Lk. 9:54 matches the power of the two witnesses in Rev. 11:5.
- John is the only disciple who did not die a martyr's death, as it is believed he died because of old age. In Jn. 21:20-23 John himself reports that there was some confusion among the disciples about his death because of a certain statement of the Lord. Is it any indication that he would be one of the two witnesses?
- There is a tacit prophecy of our Lord that John, the author of the book of Revelation, and his brother James would die martyr's death "You will indeed drink My cup, and be baptized with baptism that I am baptized with" (Mt.20:23). James had died a martyr's death (Acts 12:2), but, as is believed, John had died a natural death because of old age. Will that tacit prophecy for John to die a marty's death be fulfilled at the end time?

2. Enoch. I am suggesting Enoch's name for two reasons:
- Enoch is the only personality who had not died. Elijah has already faced death in the personality of John the baptist. Our Lord has clearly told that Elijah has come and suffered the violent death under king Herod. Elijah's mission has already been fulfilled in the ministry of John the baptist (Mt. 11:14; 17:10-12). Elijah's mission as spelled out in Malachi 4:5-6 is completely different than the ministry of two witnesses in Rev. 11:5-6.
- In Jude 1:14-15 the prophecy which has been credited to Enoch matches the ministry of the two witnesses in Rev. 11:5-6.

We can also safely say that as the coming of Elijah was in the spirit in the personality of John the baptist, so also the coming of John and Enoch could be in spirit in the personality of two faithful witnesses in the future end time.

After all has been said, it is true that the identity of these two witnesses is not revealed. So let wait for the Lord's timing.

January 18 2014 1 response Vote Up Share Report

1395044463 Sebastian Kumadiro
Revelation 11 vs 4 says the two witnesses are the two olive trees and the lampstands that stand before the lord of the earth.

Zachariah 4 vs 14 says that the two olive trees are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

John 8 vs 17 Jesus says His testimony was valid because He himself(word made flesh) and the Father (spirit) gave witness to the truth.

My humble opinion is that the two witnesses are the Word of God and the Spirit.These are the two witnesses that stand by the lord of the whole earth.

According to Revelation 11,the two witnesses died and rose again on their feet after three days.

Take note:
1) Their ministry lasted for 1260 days (Rev 11 vs 3) which is three and a half years same as Jesus.
2) They were killed in a the great city same as Jesus.
3) They rose after Three days and so did Jesus.
4) They went up and were taken or received in a cloud and so did Jesus.

If some of the opinions we have heard so far are worth considering,I would like to think that these points are worth considering as well.

May 27 2014 1 response Vote Up Share Report

Mini Kenneth Heck
I believe these two witnesses come in the spirit and power of Enoch and Elijah, but are not precisely the same individuals. However, Enoch and Elijah may be highly active in the spiritual realms at that time. Why does Revelation not directly name the two witnesses if they actually are Enoch and Elijah, but only describes them as the two olive trees and two candlesticks? These are appellations nowhere previously given to either Enoch or Elijah.

If they were physically returning, then Satan might be also given the same opportunity to bring one or two individuals back to life with full memory and intelligence to resist Enoch and Elijah. The beast and the false prophet come from the bottomless pit and hell, but have no individual names describing them. The beast is only known as the eighth of a series of seven kings (Rev 17:11). The closest we come to is the number of the beast (Rev 13:18 "... 666") which has been interpreted in many odd ways. Any reincarnation explanations are erroneous since reincarnation doesn't exist for Christianity or Judaism. So we are left with a lack of identifying names on both sides, implying it is not a question of particular names.

Elijah must truly come before the "...great and dreadful day of the LORD" (Mal 4:5). Although there are several days leading up to it, the last and greatest day of the LORD is at the time of Rev. 20:7-10. I believe the words "great and dreadful" are used to indicate it will be the final day of the LORD when Elijah comes.

February 26 2015 1 response Vote Up Share Report

Mini Justin Hale
The book of Revelation itself answers this question, as well as other direct symbolism used elsewhere in scripture. 

The 'two witnesses' are called the 'lampstands':

"...the seven lampstands are the seven churches." (Revelation 1:20). 

While in Revelation 1 we have 'seven' lampstands, (the seven churches to whom the book itself is addressed), these 'two lampstands' must still be understood as 'two churches.' 

Their other symbolic description as 'two olive trees' makes this crystal clear because scripture uses this analogy to describe the 'Jewish' Church, (recognized and anointed at Pentecost, Acts 2), and the 'Gentile' Church, (recognized and anointed separately, Acts 10).

They are the 'natural olive tree' and 'grafted wild olive tree' described by the Holy Spirit in Romans 11:11-24. 

Jesus describes us all in this way:

“I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. And I have other sheep, which are not from this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd." (John 10:14-16).

So these are clearly the "Two Witnesses who stand before the Lord of all the earth." 

When did the Holy Church ever 'bring forth fire from its mouth to devour anyone attempting to harm us?' (Revelation 11:5).

The word translated 'harm' there is actually the word 'injustice.' The Church essentially 'ruled the world' for many centuries, using knowledge direct from our 'university' system to create, maintain and control the most powerful weapons ever conceived in warfare, including 'incendiary' warfare. We 'refereed' all warfare to protect noncombatants, maintained our own 'universal Christian knighthood' to enforce this, required formal 'permission' to engage in any conflicts and brought upheaval and ruin to anyone trying to 'subvert' our justice. 

The 'pagan' world saw us as 'tormentors.' (Revelation 11:10). 

They collectively 'rejoiced' when our system finally fell after the great betrayal known as the 'Apostasy' occurred, ushering in the age of 'secularism.' They now have 'world control' which GOD intentionally arranged by 'taking us out of the way,' (2 Thessalonians 2:6-7). Their version of 'incendiary warfare' is truly horrendous, including the 'abomination of desolation' we know better as 'nuclear weapons.' 

GOD did this so the entire world of human tribes could get a chance to clearly see the two 'paths' they have as options; 'good' and 'evil.' GOD gave us 'control' first through the Holy Spirit, and now it is 'evil's' chance through the 'spirit of antichrist,' (the only 'other' option for human inspiration after Christ's work destroyed the many distinct pagan religious systems, 1 John 4:3).

The 'pagan' world is even 'sending each other gifts' on all of our high holy days to 'celebrate' our removal, (described as our 'death'), while our 'bodies' (that is, our Christian Church structures, new business, farming and 'common wealth' social models remain in place, along with 'persecutions,' Mark 10:29-31).

These include 'secular' Christmas, 'secular' Easter and other 'quasi-Christian' celebrations meant to mock us while also enjoying our great new 'shared wealth' and cross-tribal integration that the secular world is still 'piggybacking' on for their own global system. 

They are quite proud of their 'science,' (born inside our 'university' system), which has effectively ended the many 'plagues' GOD sent through us to guide, test and punish them in the previous era, including the 'bloody waters,' 'droughts' and 'floods' reminding us of GOD's techniques in ancient Egypt for 'liberating' His people.

Fortunately for the world, we don't 'stay dead in the streets.' 

We are suddenly and unexpectedly 'revived' and the world is once again gripped in reverence for GOD's power and authority. Shortly thereafter you see us 'raptured' and a temporal judgment begins, (Revelation 11:12).

February 25 2023 4 responses Vote Up Share Report

Img 5726 Leslie Coutinho
Revelation 11:6: These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

How can these two have the power given to them, and when was it given to them? The power that they had and was given to them and the events that took place shut off the rain, (1 Kings 17:1 /18:1) turned the water into blood, and brought in plagues. (Exodus 7:20/8:2,16) The two witnesses that had the power (Rev 11:3) make you wonder why and how will they come back to life, just as the graves were opened when Jesus yielded up the ghost, many bodies of the saints who slept arose and went into the holy city and appeared to many and those watching saw and feared greatly (Mat 27:52-54) is a sign that will come to pass. 

When our Lord Jesus took his disciples and went up to the mountains He was transfigured, and there appeared unto them in the clouds Moses and Elijah, who were speaking to Him. (Mat 17:3) Why did they appear unto Him, and why then did the Father from heaven say to them in a loud voice, “This is my beloved Son listen to him”? These two witnesses who were sent by the Father to bear witness to Him were told by the Father, “This is my beloved Son, listen to him,” thus to be a witness when they come during the end times to pour out through the two golden pipes the oil (Zec 4:12) out of themselves as witnesses by the power of the Lord that was given unto them. (Rev: 11:3)

Why and how could these two be the witnesses of our Lord Jesus? Lazarus, after he died, was in Abraham’s bosom and the rich men was in Hade’s place of torment where there is a great gulf fixed (Lk 16:26) and was told that his children should know about the law of Moses that is being preached on every sabbath (Acts 15:21) and the prophets let them hear them, (Luke 16:22,29) for they had visions and dreams revealed to them by the Lord and by His word to be saved. Hearing them is knowing and repenting and coming back to the Lord to be saved during the end times, for they are the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. (Rev 11:4)

Matthew 8:11: And I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.

February 24 2023 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

Mini Bradley Patterson
My opinion is Joe Cortes at Teachingfaith proves who they are. His last days teaching shows that they are the Christian church and the messianic church of Jewish believers. He uses the bible and known history. There’s so much more to this, as in when they started and yes, when their time will end, etc. And he proves all of it. It's given me so much more faith that the bible really is of GOD and is true and accurate.

August 04 2023 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

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