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One thing is for certain, the large iron steaks like railroad ties were not used on Christ as shown in so many movies! Nails that big would have broken his bones, if you've ever seen a skeleton. They would have had to have been large carpenter nails to slide between the skeletal bones in his hands. Scripture says in John 19:36 ".. that none of his bones would be broken!" As far as the cross, If it were a single pole then he would have been crucified on a pole, when one beam or board crosses another, then that would be a cross.