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Of the major world religions, Christianity and Judaism are likely the most similar. Christianity and Judaism both believe in one God who is almighty, omniscient, omnipresent, eternal, and infinite....
I believe the best way to understand Judiasm v/s Christianity is to compare Law to Grace. Realistically, there is no comparison! I can't take credit for the following work, it isn't mine. I read it several years ago in a book and typed it out on my PC. Wish I could remember the author's name because I would certainly give him credit. To God be the glory! 1. Under Law there was a dividing veil (Ex. 26.33) Grace brought a rent veil (Heb. 10:19) 2. Law blots out the sinner (Ex. 32:33) Grace blots out the sinner’s sin (Col. 2:14) 3. The Law curses the sinner (Gal. 3:10) Grace covers the sinner (Rom. 4:7) 4. The Law cries out, “Do and live!” (Deut. 8:1) Grace cries out, “It is done! It is finished!” (John 19:30; John 1:12) 5. The Law cries out, “Every mouth stopped” (Rom 3:19) Grace invites, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus (Rom. 10:9) 6. The Law showed favor to the good (Prov. 12:2) Grace shows mercy and favor to the ungodly (Eph. 2:1-6) 7. The Law was outwardly graven upon stone (2 Cor. 3:3) Grace is graven inwardly, Christ in you (Col. 1:27; Col. 3:3; 2 Cor. 3:3) 8. The Law says, “He added no more” (Deut. 5:22) Grace assures us, “Hath spoken by his Son” (Heb. 1:2) 9. Law is inexorable in its demand (Josh. 7:25) The Grace of God is inspirational in its blessing (2 Cor. 5:17) 10. The Law brings judgment (Rom. 5:18) Grace brings justification (Rom. 3:24) 11. Law cries out, “Keep the commandments-all of them in minute detail” (James 2:10) Grace assures us we are kept by the power of God (1 Peter 1:5) 12. The Law demands love (Deut 6:5) The Grace of God exhibits love (John 3:16) 13. The Law moves the sinner to sin (Rom. 7:8) The Grace of God removes sin from the sinner (Matt. 1:21) 14. According to the Law, nearness to God is impossible (Ex 20:21) In Grace, nearness to God is guaranteed (Eph. 2:13) 15. The Law demands obedience----or no blessing (Deut. 28:1-9) Grace brings obedience because of the blessing (1 John 4:19) 16. The Law cries out, “Stone the prodigal” (Deut. 21:20-21) Grace cries out, “Put the best robe on the prodigal….kill the fatted calf! Let us feast and be merry!” (Luke 15:20-23) 17. Law brings death (Deut. 21:22-23). Grace gives to us the quietness and assurance of peace (Rom. 5:1). 18. 18. The Law retaliates (Ex. 21:24). The Grace of God redeems (Gal. 3:13). 19. The Law demands sanctification (Lev. 11:44). Grace bestows sanctification (I Cor. 1:30). 20. Because of the Law, three thousand were slain (Ex. 32:28).Because of the Grace of God, three thousand were saved (Acts 2:41). 21. The Law is unsatisfying to the conscience (Heb. 10:1-2).The Grace of God is unfailing in its forgiveness and remedy for sin (Heb. 9:12-14; Heb. 10:10-14). 22. The Law is the voice of consternation (Heb. 12:18-21).The Grace of God is the voice of covenant, blessing, peace and assurance (Heb. 12:22-24). 23. When the Law was given, Moses' face shown, and the people feared (Ex. 34:30). Grace brought by Jesus Christ attracted the people to the face of Jesus (Mark 9:15). 24. The Law was a yoke of burdensome weight (Gal. 5:1).Grace is to be in the yoke with Jesus, which makes the yoke easy and the burden light (Matt. 11:29-30). 25. The Law produced zeal (Rom. 10:1-2), but no salvation (Phil. 3:6; Rom. 10:1-8) Grace imparts zeal, and brings joy unspeakable and full of glory (Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:8) We are "accepted in the Beloved" (Eph. 1:6). We are "blessed with all spiritual blessings" (Eph. 1:3).We are called the sons of God (I John 3:1).We are delivered from the wrath to come (I Thess. 1: 10). We are the elect of God (I Thess. 1:4). We are forgiven by God (Eph. 1:7) for Christ's sake (Eph. 4:32).We are saved by the grace of God (Eph. 2:5). We are an holy priesthood (I Peter 2:5). We are hidden in Christ (Col. 3:3).We are justified in His sight without works (Rom. 3:28). We are kept for Jesus Christ (Jude 1). Life eternal is given to us by Jesus (John 10:28).
Christianity supports all the works and lessons taught by Jesus, which is the word of God. Jesus referenced so much of the Old Testament, as well as how to apply it. He came down as the living example of all of Gods laws. It was also the beginning of the church, which prior to Jesus did not exist. Yes Judaism had a temple, but the church was founded on and by Jesus for all, Jews and Gentiles, individually and together. Where Judaism did not then and does not now, support any of the teachings of Jesus. The Jewish leaders then claimed all who were spreading the word of Jesus to be blasphemers. Even when Jesus and the apostles showed full support of the mosaic law and Old Testament. So Jesus showed true love, which is what God is. Jesus emulated the great commandment (Matthew 22:37-40) and he has taught Christians to do the same.
The difference between any religion and Christianity is DO AND DONE. RELIGIONS tell a person do this and keep doing it. Jesus Christ came and did all that needed to be done. Thus, if we trust in Him and what He did, then righteousness is accounted to us through Him.
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