Matthew 1:23 New International Version (NIV) 23 “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” (which means “God with us”).
NKJV - 23 "Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us."
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The virgin birth was necessary to avoid the transmission of original sin that has occurred in connection with every "normal" human birth ever since the original fall of humanity into sin. (As David (even though the Bible describes Him as a man "after God's own heart" (1 Samuel 13:14)) expressed it in Psalm 51:5, "Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me." This same condition applies to every human who has ever lived (except Jesus).) Only a birth that took place in the manner of Jesus (who was conceived within Mary by the activity of the Holy Spirit, without the involvement of a man (Luke 1:34-35)) could result in the birth of God in human form, without the accompanying presence or imparting of sin. And Jesus had to be without sin so that He could offer Himself as an acceptable sacrifice or substitute in His heavenly Father's sight for the forgiveness of the sins of humanity (as had been prefigured in the Old Testament by the shedding of the blood of lambs at Passover to atone for the sins of Israel).
In order for Jesus to be the perfect sacrifice of atonement for all the sins of the world, he needed to be a sinless human being. Since our sinful human nature is passed on to the next generation through the birth of children, Jesus had to be born without a sinful human nature. To accomplish this, Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit. That means that the Holy Spirit used the DNA of Mary and Joseph, without the contamination of their sinful natures, and created Jesus as a human being inside the womb of Mary, while she was still a virgin. Of course, Jesus also had to live a sin free life to be that perfect sacrifice.
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