And especially how does Jesus' cryptic statement in John 2:19 relate to this question?
ESV - 19 Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
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Psalms 16:10 (the fact of Jesus' resurrection) Jonah 1:17 and Jonah 2:10 (the length of time between Jesus' death and His resurrection, as pointed out by Jesus Himself in Matthew 12:39 and Matthew 16:4, in addition to the reference in John 2:19)
The resurrection of Jesus Christ is foretold in Scripture -- 1 Corinthians 15:3-4 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: See also Psalm 16:10; Isaiah 53:10-12; To prolong His days after being made an offering would necessitate a bodily resurrection. Luke 24:46; Acts 2:29-31; Acts 26:22-23 By Jesus Christ Matthew 16:21 pp Mark 8:31 pp Luke 9:22 See also Matthew 12:40 the sign of Jonah --The “sign of Jonah” is the death, burial, and resurrection. Jesus made this prediction in regard to His fleshly temple (John 2:18-25). The Jewish leaders were ignorant (John 2:18-22). They demand a sign John 2:18): they insist that Jesus work a miracle to validate his authority from God. The sign is described thusly (John 2:19): Jesus says, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." But the sign is distorted (John 2:20-21): They think he is referring to Herod's Temple and not his body. Finally, the sign is discerned (John 2:22): After Jesus' death and resurrection, the disciples understand the full significance of His previously cryptic statement.
Jesus predicted his own death and resurrection several times. Matthew 16:21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life. Matthew 17:22-23 When they came together in Galilee, he said to them, “The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men. They will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised to life.” And the disciples were filled with grief. Matthew 20:17-19 Now Jesus was going up to Jerusalem. On the way, he took the Twelve aside and said to them, “We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the teachers of the law. They will condemn him to death and will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified. On the third day he will be raised to life!” Matthew 26:1-2 When Jesus had finished saying all these things, he said to his disciples, “As you know, the Passover is two days away—and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.” We know these predictions were public knowledge because the Jewish religious leaders acknowledged that they had heard them. Matthew 27:62-64 The next day, the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate. “Sir,” they said, “we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people that he has been raised from the dead. This last deception will be worse than the first.”
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