ESV - 28 By faith he kept the Passover and sprinkled the blood, so that the Destroyer of the firstborn might not touch them.
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In my opinion, the blood of the spotless lamb (Exodus 12:5) that had been sacrificed within each Jewish home in Egypt was applied to the doorposts and lintel of that home as an outwardly visible sign to God when He passed through the land of Egypt, so that He would know that His judgment against that house had already been satisfied, and would thus not enter into the house in order to kill the first-born, but would instead "pass over" it (Exodus 12:12-13). This illustrates the principle that the shedding of blood was required for the "passing over" (that is, the forgiveness) of sin (Hebrews 9:22) and for the avoidance of the death penalty that the commission of sin required in God's eyes. As such, it was a foreshadowing of the full and final sacrifice for sin that Jesus (who was both fully God and fully human) offered by the shedding of His own blood in death (which is why, even during His life, He was referred to as the Lamb of God (John 1:35-36)) and His subsequent resurrection. It is the faith of Christians in Jesus' sacrifice that allows them to be declared righteous in God's sight, to be forgiven of their sins, and to receive eternal life.
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