Genesis 3:1 - 24
ESV - 1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden'? 2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden.
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In my opinion, since the time that Satan rebelled against God and was cast out of heaven (which must have occurred after God had finished the creative work described in Genesis 1 (including the Garden of Eden), since He could not have pronounced it good otherwise), Satan has (as he himself indicated in Job 1:7 and Job 2:2) been "roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it." His presence in Eden was part of this roaming -- specifically for the purpose of tempting humans to disobey or rebel against God just as Satan had. God did not exclude Satan from Eden, in my opinion, for the same reason that He created the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, but then ordered Adam not to eat of its fruit -- because humans had to be able to freely choose to obey God or to disobey Him, and also in order for God to show that He could and would ultimately triumph over even the worst that Satan could do in causing humanity and the world to fall into sin and to be corrupted.
Excellent thought, I'm glad you asked that question! Before answering your question I have to explain something else. Angels were created in the distant past, before the earth existed. When God created the earth, the angels “began shouting in applause.”—Job 38:4-7. The Bible refers to “the wicked spirit forces” and “the angels who sinned.” (Ephesians 6:12; 2 Peter 2:4) These wicked angels are demons, who joined Satan in rebelling against God. At the very start of human history, one of the angels, consumed by a desire to be worshipped, turned against God and made himself Satan, meaning “Resister.” The Bible shows that God did not create the Devil. Instead, He created the person who became the Devil. Regarding God, the Bible says: “Perfect is his activity, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness, with whom there is no injustice; righteous and upright is he.” (Deuteronomy 32:3-5) From that statement, we can conclude that Satan the Devil was at one time perfect and righteous, namely, one of God’s angelic sons. At John 8:44, Jesus said that the Devil “did not stand fast in the truth,” implying that Satan had at one time been truthful and guiltless. Satan was once a loyal spirit creature in God's organization of heavenly sons. Through Ezekiel God gave indication of the basic cause of the defection of Satan. (Ezekiel 28: 13 - 17) As an angel of God he could easily communicate with Eva and appear in Eden. As a spirit creature, the Devil lives in an invisible realm and for a time, Satan the Devil moved about in the spirit realm at will, including entering directly before God alongside the faithful angels. The Bible book of Job provides insight into the character and motives of this rebel angel. (Job 1:6-19; 2:7). The Bible records a conversation in heaven between Satan and God. (Job 2:1-6). Similarly he could communicate with Eva using the serpent. By choosing a course in opposition to God and inciting the first human couple to join him, he made himself Satan, which means “Resister.”—Genesis 3:1-5; Revelation 12:9. The ultimate personification of evil, Satan stands in bitter opposition to God, who personifies love. Other angels joined Satan in his rebellion. The Bible calls them demons. Like Satan, the demons have turned themselves into cruel enemies of mankind. Much of the suffering on earth, the injustice, the sickness, the poverty, and the wars are results of their influence. (Ezekiel 28: 13 - 17) "13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. 14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set theeso: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. 16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. 17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee."
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