Romans 11:1 - 36
ESV - 1 I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel?
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I think that other translations of Romans 11:25 (such as those found at http://www.biblehub.com) make this wording clearer. The New International Version, for example, translates this passage as "a hardening has come upon part of Israel until the full number of the Gentiles come in" -- that is, until all the non-Jewish people who are going to be saved through faith in Christ have been saved. The New Living Translation (which, as I understand it, is not a word-for-word translation of the original text, but which seeks to clarify the meaning of the original text through paraphrasing) says, "Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of Gentiles comes to Christ."
The Gentiles are the branches of the wild olive tree (Rom 11:17-20) which have been grafted into the good olive tree of Israel. We understand these Gentiles to be of the Christian religion. The fulness of the Gentiles is the full number of Gentiles, or Christians, who have entered into spiritual Israel, or will enter in, until the times of the Gentiles is over. The times of the Gentiles will be over when Israel becomes truly independent and not dominated by the physical presence of other nations on their soil, or forced to accede to the demands of other nations because of military or related considerations. Rev 10:5-6 may indicate the divine announcement of the end of the times of the Gentiles (and perhaps the end of the 7-year covenant).
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