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The Roman Catholic Bible (as I, being a Protestant, understand it) includes all 66 books in the Protestant Bible (39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament), plus the following books (referred to as Apocrypha, or deuterocanonical books) in the Old Testament not included in the Protestant Bible: Historical Books: Tobit (Tobias) Judith 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees Wisdom Books: Wisdom of Solomon Sirach (Ecclesiaticus) (not to be confused with Ecclesiastes, which is a separate book found in both Bibles) Major Prophets: Baruch (with Letter of Jeremiah as the sixth chapter) (Letter of Jeremiah is a separate book in the Eastern Orthodox Bible, which I am not addressing at all here.) The Roman Catholic Bible also contains additions to the Protestant texts of Esther and Daniel. There were also four additional books in the appendix to the Vulgate Bible, which (again, as I understand it) was formerly the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church. These four books were: 3 Esdras; 4 Esdras; Prayer of Manasseh; Psalm of David when he slew Goliath (Psalm 151) In addition, several of the books in the Roman Catholic Old Testament have alternate names in addition to the name used in the Protestant Bible. (For example, the books of Ezra and Nehemiah in the Old Testament are also called 1 Esdras and 2 Esdras, respectively, in the Roman Catholic Bible, which is why the books in the appendix to the Vulgate Bible above are titled 3 Esdras and 4 Esdras.) (I have not provided the other alternate names in the above listing.)
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