What form of warning is this?
ESV - 9 Be not like a horse or a mule, without understanding, which must be curbed with bit and bridle, or it will not stay near you.
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Psalm 32, like Psalm 51, Psalm 86, and Psalm 122, was written by David in reaction and repentance to the rebuke and punishment that he received from God through the prophet Nathan following David's adultery with Bathsheba, and his ordering of the death of Bathsheba's husband, Uriah the Hittite (2 Samuel 11-12). In my opinion, the imagery in this psalm characterizes the natural stubbornness of the sinful human heart, and its unwillingness and resistance to being led by God, in the same way that a horse and mule are not naturally inclined to do the bidding of humans, but must be forcefully guided to do so by means such as the bit and bridle. David is essentially pointing to his own case, and saying, "Do not depart from God's commands, as I did. Show understanding by taking a lesson from my sins and failures. Seek and serve God willingly and joyfully, rather than from compulsion, or from experiencing His punishment for sinful disobedience."
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