Does the Bible mention Alexander the Great?


Clarify Share Report Asked July 01 2013 Mini Anonymous (via GotQuestions)

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Shea S. Michael Houdmann Supporter Got Questions Ministries
The name "Alexander" or "Alexander the Great," referring to the Macedonian king, never appears in the Bible. However, the prophets Daniel and Zechariah wrote prophecies concerning Greece and Alexan...

July 01 2013 5 responses Vote Up Share Report

Mini Judith Harding
Daniel sought an interpretation from Gabriel himself for the ram-goat vision of Daniel 8. This great man of God was thrice told that the vision 1) "...pertains to the time of the end" (Dan. 8:17); 2) "...at the final period of the indignation... " (Dan. 8:19a); 3) "...for it pertains to the appointed time of the end" (Dan. 8:19b) -- NAS version. 

Now, clearly, Alexander the Great did not live at the "time of the end." He died over three centuries before our LORD's birth! We know from Hebrews 1, that God spoke in previous times by prophets, but "in these last days" has spoken to us by His Son. Alexander was long dead before "these last days" of Hebrews began!

The stated time of the text, as well as other opposing facts of history, have led serious students of the Word such as Mark Davidson and Joel Richardson to view Daniel 8 as yet future. Alexander the Great was NOT "the first king"; a great many kings had preceded him in Greece. Nor were the land divisions after his death awarded to only four generals. There were at least five, and various land divisions over quite an extended period. 

Daniel is standing in Elam -- the region of Iran. He sees the goat coming from Javan, a territory that not only encompassed Greece, but parts of Turkey, etc. In Mark Davidson's DANIEL REVISITED, he gives serious consideration to the possibility of a war between Iran and Turkey -- a great Sunni-Shia war. When Javan (the goat) prevails, its great horn leader perishes. The conquered lands have four divisions. From one of these lands comes the Crusher -- the antichrist.

But what about "the first king?" Perhaps that may refer to the revived caliphate? John the Revelator was enlightened about the 7 heads of the beast: Five are fallen; One is; the seventh would endure for a little while; the eighth would be of the seven. Predicating that God's Word is Israel-centric, the kingdoms of this beast would all relate to Israel. The five fallen ones history has revealed as Egypt, Assyria, Babylon/Chaldea, Medo-Persia, and Greece. The "one is" of the Apostle John's time was Rome. Islamic dynasties overran Christian empires one by one, to become the seventh head. That head was wounded -- killed, as it were -- in 1924, with the legal cessation of the Ottoman Empire. We know from present world events that millions, if not billions, are clamoring for the resurrection of the Caliphate -- the eighth head that would rule all the lands once held by the seven. 

But, back to Daniel 8. It is noteworthy that Iran is indeed branching out to the north, south, and west. It has gobbled up power in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Yemen. Recently I read that in three places circling Israel, Iran has been building up weapons bases with the goal of crushing Israel. (I just can't help but think of the three ribs in the bear's mouth (Daniel 7), before the creature is told to go and devour much flesh. 

One might query, "But, if Daniel 8 is for "the time of the end," why have Bible scholars through the centuries gotten the interpretation so wrong?" That "puzzlement" might lead one to consider God's instructions to Daniel to seal up the prophecy until the time of the end. Earnest Bible students who were not in the time of the end were unable to decipher the interpretation, even though they pondered "to and fro" trying to find the exact meaning. Daniel 12 uses a Hebrew idiom, that of running to and fro. While many see this as a prophecy of advanced, prolific travel, it is interesting that God's Word uses it in an idiomatic fashion; it is written that God's eyes run to and fro throughout the whole earth, searching for those who fear Him, that He may bless them. There is a promise attached to that to-and-fro reverent search: "...knowledge shall be increased."

Perhaps this is the time when Daniel is being unsealed. We will know when the time comes, for that great prophetic book avers, despite the darkness of the wicked, that the wise will understand. 

"Even so, come, LORD Jesus."

August 17 2019 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

My picture Jack Gutknecht ABC/DTS graduate, guitar music ministry Baptist church
Alexander the Great according to the Easton's Bible Dictionary, was the king of Macedonia, the great conqueror; probably represented in Daniel by the "belly of brass" (Dan. 2:32), and the leopard and the he-goat (Dan. 7:6; 11:3,4). He succeeded his father Philip, and died at the age of thirty-two from the effects of intemperance, B.C. 323. His empire was divided among his four generals.

"Alexander collected his army at Pella to cross the Hellespont, that he might exact the vengeance of Greece on Persia for indignities suffered at the hands of Xerxes, who "by his strength through his riches" had stirred, up "all against the realm of Grecia" (Dan 11:2, the King James Version)." --J. E. H. Thomson

What I find most interesting about Alexander the Great was his defeat of Tyre. I was soo amazed when my Pastor Borror from Dallas Seminary taught this to our Scottsdale Bible Church in Scottsdale, Arizona! It was a great sermon!

"The main part of Tyre was a citadel built with ramparts all around the shore of an Island, about a quarter mile out to sea. Alexander built two causeways out to the Islands and used them to attack the fort.

“The Tyreans tried to stop the construction of course, with an all-out naval attack. But Alexander had brought with him the entire Greek naval fleet which then defeated the Tyrean navy. The subsequent battle for the fort was won against a now depleted Tryrean military.” —Paul Newkirk

Another historian put it this way:

"As Alexander headed down the Mediterranean, nearly all the cities that were under Persian control surrendered and opened their gates to Alexander. The only city that put any resistance was Tyre, a former Phoenician island fortress off the coast of Lebanon.

“In the early 6th century, King Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Tyre for 13 years but was unable to conquer it. In 332 B.C., Alexander the Great captured Tyre by using ship-mounted battering rams and catapults to blast a hole in the fortress wall and gangplanks and two large siege towers to launch the assault.

“Alexander’s army had spent seven months building a half mile causeway to the island, with debris from an abandoned mainland city, only to be bombarded with stones and arrows when they got near. The Tyrians also launched a boat with blazing cauldrons to set fire to the attackers. This tactic only delayed the inevitable." --factsanddetails

December 12 2022 0 responses Vote Up Share Report

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