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It's not a definitive or black and white issue, but I've held to the Thursday view of the crucifixion for quite awhile. The special sabbath referred to (John 19:31) that year is very possibly sundown Thursday to sundown Friday, thus Jesus had to be buried shortly before Thursday evening. This view makes the most sense to me with the buried for three days verses as well. (Mark 8:31, etc.) Again we do not know for sure which day of the week. It is more important that we realize what happened (Jesus' death to pay for our sins) rather than when...
According with the Bible, Jesus was crucified on a Friday, Luke 23: 54-56 makes very clear: "It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment." The Bible Sabbath is from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown and the Preparation day the day before the Sabbath when God's people supposed to prepare for the Sabbath (prepare food, clean their homes, take baths, etc)
Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day and the darkness he called Night. And the Evening and the Morning were the first day. When God called a day from evening to morning the first day then, as Jesus said in Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whales belly so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Jesus was crucified on Thursday evening and as the scriptures says 1) That the Thursday Evening and the Friday Morning were the first day (Gen 1:5) and then 2) The second day would be Friday evening to Saturday morning and then 3) The third day would be Saturday evening to Sunday morning in which Jesus spent three full Day and Night in the tomb and then on Sunday morning he was no more in the tomb he had already risen from the dead. The preparation for Sabbath started the next day that followed the day of preparation (Mat:27:62) which was the morning of Friday as the evening of Friday would be the beginning of the Sabbath.
A Thursday crucifixion solves all the apparent issues typically associated with the Gospel accounts while preserving their inerrancy. It is also consistent with the contemporary practices and norms. It may also be reconciled with astronomical data. The only place Christ could have practically observed a Passover meal with His disciples on a timing different than that of the mainstream Jews would have been in the Essene quarter of Jerusalem. The Essenes always celebrated the Passover meal on a Tuesday evening (the Essene calendar differed from that of the mainstream Jews). The traditional site of the last supper is, indeed, located in what was the Essene quarter. And the Essenes celebrated with bread and not a lamb (they considered the Sadducean priesthood and its temple sacrifices illegitimate). The Essene quarter also provided privacy, but all who entered would have had to take a bath by immersion (thus Christ's response when Peter objected to the washing of his feet). It should be noted that the Essene solar calendar typically differed from the mainstream Judean lunar/solar calendar by one to two days (16 to 40 hours being the usual difference between the true new moon that began the Essene month and the crescent that began the mainstream month). With a Tuesday evening Last Supper, Christ would have been seized on Wednesday morning. Jewish law required capital crimes such as heresy/blasphemy (of which Christ was accused) to be tried during the day time and for any death sentencing to occur the day following the trial and preliminary sentencing (the court had to "sleep on it"). This means the trial with witnesses occurred on Wednesday. The death sentencing then occurred on Thursday morning. This sequence would have provided the opportunity for the Sanhedrin to notify Pilate that Christ would appear before him the next morning (the idea that they could have taken Christ to Pilate without advance warning and due process is unreasonable given the Romans exclusively retained the right for death sentencing). So Christ received the death sentence from the Sanhedrin on Thursday morning and then appeared before Pilate for approval of execution. Thursday was for the mainstream Jews the Preparation Day for the Passover (Nisan 14) to be celebrated that evening. So Christ died on a Thursday afternoon and was raised on Sunday morning. This met the specification of Matthew 12:40 while, critically, also conforming to sequence for the death and resurrection of Lazarus. Christ deferred going to Bethany for a period of time that would have Lazarus in the grave for three days and nights. So he raised Lazarus on the fourth day (or three elapsed days). This sequence recognized that the Jews of the period believed that a dead man's spirit hovered over the body for three days seeking reentry, but would depart after three days since the body would have begun to decay. Christ would have applied this same sequence to His own death and resurrection so it could, unequivocally, be argued He died and was resurrected. It also recognizes that the Jews used inclusive reckoning, but they applied this at the level of specificity in the circumstance. Give Christ’s statement in Matt 12:40 and the Lazarus account in John 11, any part of a night would constitute a night. Any part of a day would count as a day. Thus the late afternoon of the crucifixion day would count as a day even though they were hustling to entomb His body before sundown. Resurrection from the dead was one of the four messianic signs expected by the mainstream Jews. This is why notoriety attached to Lazarus's death and resurrection whereas it did not to others that Jesus raised (e.g., the synagogue official's daughter). With a Thursday death and Sunday resurrection, Christ recognized the prevailing beliefs about death and thereby unequivocally ensured his resurrection met messianic expectations.
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