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Numbers 13:1-14:9

Spies Sent into Canaan

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 a "Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the children of Israel; from each tribe of their fathers you shall send a man, every one a leader among them." 3 So Moses sent them b from the Wilderness of Paran according to the command of the LORD, all of them men who were heads of the children of Israel. 4 Now these were their names: from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur; 5 from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori; 6 c from the tribe of Judah, d Caleb the son of Jephunneh; 7 from the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph; 8 from the tribe of Ephraim, 1 Hoshea the son of Nun; 9 from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu; 10 from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi; 11 from the tribe of Joseph, that is, from the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi; 12 from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli; 13 from the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael; 14 from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi; 15 from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16 These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to 2 spy out the land. And Moses called e Hoshea 3 the son of Nun, Joshua.

17 Then Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said to them, "Go up this way into the South, and go up to f the mountains, 18 "and see what the land is like: whether the people who dwell in it are strong or weak, few or many; 19 "whether the land they dwell in is good or bad; whether the cities they inhabit are like camps or strongholds; 20 "whether the land is 4 rich or poor; and whether there are forests there or not. g Be of good courage. And bring some of the fruit of the land." Now the time was the season of the first ripe grapes.

21 So they went up and spied out the land h from the Wilderness of Zin as far as i Rehob, near the entrance of j Hamath. 22 And they went up through the South and came to k Hebron; Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of l Anak, were there. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) 23 m Then they came to the 5 Valley of Eshcol, and there cut down a branch with one cluster of grapes; they carried it between two of them on a pole. They also brought some of the pomegranates and figs. 24 The place was called the Valley of 6 Eshcol, 7 because of the cluster which the men of Israel cut down there.

Report of the Spies

25 And they returned from spying out the land after forty days. 26 Now they departed and came back to Moses and Aaron and all the congregation of the children of Israel in the Wilderness of Paran, at n Kadesh; they brought back word to them and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land. 27 Then they told him, and said: "We went to the land where you sent us. It truly 8 flows with o milk and honey, p and this is its fruit. 28 "Nevertheless the q people who dwell in the land are strong; the cities are fortified and very large; moreover we saw the descendants of r Anak there. 29 s "The Amalekites dwell in the land of the South; the Hittites, the Jebusites, and the Amorites dwell in the mountains; and the Canaanites dwell by the sea and along the banks of the Jordan."

30 Then t Caleb quieted the people before Moses, and said, "Let us go up at once and take possession, for we are well able to overcome it." 31 u But the men who had gone up with him said, "We are not able to go up against the people, for they are stronger than we." 32 And they v gave the children of Israel a bad report of the land which they had spied out, saying, "The land through which we have gone as spies is a land that devours its inhabitants, and w all the people whom we saw in it are men of great stature. 33 "There we saw the 9 giants ( x the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were y like 10 grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were z in their sight."

Numbers 14

The People Rebel

1 So all the congregation lifted up their voices and cried, and the people a wept that night. 2 b And all the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron, and the whole congregation said to them, "If only we had died in the land of Egypt! Or if only we had died in this wilderness! 3 "Why has the LORD brought us to this land to 11 fall by the sword, that our wives and c children should become victims? Would it not be better for us to return to Egypt?" 4 So they said to one another, d "Let us select a leader and e return to Egypt."

5 Then Moses and Aaron 12 fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel. 6 But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied out the land, tore their clothes; 7 and they spoke to all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying: f "The land we passed through to spy out is an exceedingly good land. 8 "If the LORD g delights in us, then He will bring us into this land and give it to us, h 'a land which flows with milk and honey.' 13 9 "Only i do not rebel against the LORD, j nor fear the people of the land, for k they 14 are our bread; their protection has departed from them, l and the LORD is with us. Do not fear them."

  1. Cross References
    Numbers 32:8
    Thus your fathers did when I sent them away from Kadesh Barnea to see the land.
    Deuteronomy 1:22
    "And every one of you came near to me and said, 'Let us send men before us, and let them search out the land for us, and bring back word to us of the way by which we should go up, and of the cities into which we shall come.'
    Deuteronomy 9:23
    Likewise, when the LORD sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, 'Go up and possess the land which I have given you,' then you rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and you did not believe Him nor obey His voice.
  2. Cross References
    Numbers 12:16
    And afterward the people moved from Hazeroth and camped in the Wilderness of Paran.
    Numbers 32:8
    Thus your fathers did when I sent them away from Kadesh Barnea to see the land.
    Deuteronomy 1:19
    So we departed from Horeb, and went through all that great and terrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, as the LORD our God had commanded us. Then we came to Kadesh Barnea.
    Deuteronomy 9:23
    Likewise, when the LORD sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, 'Go up and possess the land which I have given you,' then you rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and you did not believe Him nor obey His voice.
  3. Cross References
    Numbers 34:19
    These are the names of the men: from the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
  4. Cross References
    Numbers 14:6
    But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of ...
    Numbers 14:30
    Except for Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshu...
    Joshua 14:6
    Then the children of Judah came to Joshua in Gi...
    Joshua 14:7
    I was forty years old when Moses the servant of...
    Judges 1:12
    Then Caleb said, "Whoever attacks Kirjath Sephe...
    1 Chronicles 4:15
    The sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh were Iru...
  5. Cross References
    Exodus 17:9
    And Moses said to Joshua, "Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.
    Deuteronomy 32:44
    So Moses came with Joshua the son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people.
  6. Cross References
    Judges 1:9
    And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites who dwelt in the mountains, in the South, and in the lowland.
  7. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 31:6
    "Be strong and of good courage, do not fear nor be afraid of them; for the LORD your God, He is the One who goes with you. He will not leave you nor forsake you."
    Deuteronomy 31:7
    Then Moses called Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, "Be strong and of good courage, for you must go with this people to the land which the LORD has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall cause them to inherit it.
    Deuteronomy 31:23
    Then He inaugurated Joshua the son of Nun, and said, "Be strong and of good courage; for you shall bring the children of Israel into the land of which I swore to them, and I will be with you.
  8. Cross References
    Numbers 20:1
    Then the children of Israel, the whole congregation, came into the Wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh; and Miriam died there and was buried there.
    Numbers 27:14
    For in the Wilderness of Zin, during the strife of the congregation, you rebelled against My command to hallow Me at the waters before their eyes." (These are the waters of Meribah, at Kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin.)
    Numbers 33:36
    They moved from Ezion Geber and camped in the Wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.
    Joshua 15:1
    So this was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families: The border of Edom at the Wilderness of Zin southward was the extreme southern boundary.
  9. Cross References
    Joshua 19:28
    Including Ebron, Rehob, Hammon, and Kanah, as far as Greater Sidon.
  10. Cross References
    Numbers 34:8
    From Mount Hor you shall mark out your border to the entrance of Hamath; then the direction of the border shall be toward Zedad.
    Joshua 13:5
    The land of the Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrise, from Baal Gad below Mount Hermon as far as the entrance to Hamath.
  11. Cross References
    Joshua 15:13
    Now to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a share among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, namely, Kirjath Arba, which is Hebron ( Arba was the father of Anak).
    Joshua 15:14
    Caleb drove out the three sons of Anak from there: Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
    Judges 1:10
    Then Judah went against the Canaanites who dwelt in Hebron. (Now the name of Hebron was formerly Kirjath Arba.) And they killed Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.
  12. Cross References
    Joshua 11:21
    And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities.
    Joshua 11:22
    None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod.
  13. Cross References
    Genesis 14:13
    Then one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew, for he dwelt by the terebinth trees of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner; and they were allies with Abram.
    Numbers 13:24
    The place was called the Valley of Eshcol, because of the cluster which the men of Israel cut down there.
    Numbers 32:9
    For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, so that they did not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
    Deuteronomy 1:24
    And they departed and went up into the mountains, and came to the Valley of Eshcol, and spied it out.
    Deuteronomy 1:25
    "They also took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us; and they brought back word to us, saying, ' It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us.'
  14. Cross References
    Numbers 20:1
    Then the children of Israel, the whole congrega...
    Numbers 20:16
    When we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voi...
    Numbers 32:8
    Thus your fathers did when I sent them away fro...
    Numbers 33:36
    They moved from Ezion Geber and camped in the W...
    Deuteronomy 1:19
    So we departed from Horeb, and went through all...
    Joshua 14:6
    Then the children of Judah came to Joshua in Gi...
  15. Cross References
    Exodus 3:8
    So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
    Exodus 3:17
    "and I have said I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, to a land flowing with milk and honey."'
    Exodus 13:5
    And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.
    Exodus 33:3
    " Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst, lest I consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked people."
  16. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 1:25
    "They also took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us; and they brought back word to us, saying, ' It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us.'
  17. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 1:28
    'Where can we go up? Our brethren have discouraged our hearts, saying, "The people are greater and taller than we; the cities are great and fortified up to heaven; moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakim there."'
    Deuteronomy 9:1
    Hear, O Israel: You are to cross over the Jordan today, and go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fortified up to heaven.
    Deuteronomy 9:2
    "a people great and tall, the descendants of the Anakim, whom you know, and of whom you heard it said, 'Who can stand before the descendants of Anak?'
  18. Cross References
    Joshua 11:21
    And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities.
    Joshua 11:22
    None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod.
  19. Cross References
    Exodus 17:8
    Now Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
    Judges 6:3
    So it was, whenever Israel had sown, Midianites would come up; also Amalekites and the people of the East would come up against them.
  20. Cross References
    Numbers 14:6
    But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied out the land, tore their clothes.
    Numbers 14:24
    But My servant Caleb, because he has a different spirit in him and has followed Me fully, I will bring into the land where he went, and his descendants shall inherit it.
  21. Cross References
    Numbers 32:9
    For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, so that they did not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
    Deuteronomy 1:28
    'Where can we go up? Our brethren have discouraged our hearts, saying, "The people are greater and taller than we; the cities are great and fortified up to heaven; moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakim there."'
    Deuteronomy 9:1 - 3
    Hear, O Israel: You are to cross over the Jordan today, and go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fortified up to heaven.
    Joshua 14:8
    Nevertheless my brethren who went up with me made the heart of the people melt, but I wholly followed the LORD my God.
  22. Cross References
    Numbers 14:36
    Now the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, who returned and made all the congregation complain against him by bringing a bad report of the land.
    Numbers 14:37
    Those very men who brought the evil report about the land, died by the plague before the LORD.
    Psalms 106:24
    Then they despised the pleasant land; They did not believe His word.
  23. Cross References
    Amos 2:9
    Yet it was I who destroyed the Amorite before them, Whose height was like the height of the cedars, And he was as strong as the oaks; Yet I destroyed his fruit above And his roots beneath.
  24. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 1:28
    'Where can we go up? Our brethren have discouraged our hearts, saying, "The people are greater and taller than we; the cities are great and fortified up to heaven; moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakim there."'
    Deuteronomy 9:2
    "a people great and tall, the descendants of the Anakim, whom you know, and of whom you heard it said, 'Who can stand before the descendants of Anak?'
    Joshua 11:21
    And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities.
  25. Cross References
    Isaiah 40:22
    It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
  26. Cross References
    1 Samuel 17:42
    And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him; for he was only a youth, ruddy and good-looking.
  27. Cross References
    Numbers 11:4
    Now the mixed multitude who were among them yielded to intense craving; so the children of Israel also wept again and said: "Who will give us meat to eat?
    Deuteronomy 1:45
    Then you returned and wept before the LORD, but the LORD would not listen to your voice nor give ear to you.
  28. Cross References
    Exodus 16:2
    Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
    Exodus 17:3
    And the people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and said, "Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?
    Numbers 16:41
    On the next day all the congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron, saying, "You have killed the people of the LORD.
    Psalms 106:25
    But complained in their tents, And did not heed the voice of the LORD.
    1 Corinthians 10:10
    Nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer.
  29. Cross References
    Numbers 14:31
    But your little ones, whom you said would be victims, I will bring in, and they shall know the land which you have despised.
    Deuteronomy 1:39
    Moreover your little ones and your children, who you say will be victims, who today have no knowledge of good and evil, they shall go in there; to them I will give it, and they shall possess it.
  30. Cross References
    Nehemiah 9:17
    They refused to obey, And they were not mindful of Your wonders That You did among them. But they hardened their necks, And in their rebellion They appointed a leader To return to their bondage. But You are God, Ready to pardon, Gracious and merciful, Slow to anger, Abundant in kindness, And did not forsake them.
  31. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 17:16
    "But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the LORD has said to you, 'You shall not return that way again.'
    Acts 7:39
    Whom our fathers would not obey, but rejected. And in their hearts they turned back to Egypt.
  32. Cross References
    Numbers 13:27
    Then they told him, and said: "We went to the land where you sent us. It truly flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.
    Deuteronomy 1:25
    "They also took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us; and they brought back word to us, saying, ' It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us.'
  33. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 10:15
    The LORD delighted only in your fathers, to love them; and He chose their descendants after them, you above all peoples, as it is this day.
    2 Samuel 15:25
    Then the king said to Zadok, "Carry the ark of God back into the city. If I find favor in the eyes of the LORD, He will bring me back and show me both it and His dwelling place.
    2 Samuel 15:26
    "But if He says thus: 'I have no delight in you,' here I am, let Him do to me as seems good to Him."
    1 Kings 10:9
    "Blessed be the LORD your God, who delighted in you, setting you on the throne of Israel! Because the LORD has loved Israel forever, therefore He made you king, to do justice and righteousness."
    Psalms 147:11
    The LORD takes pleasure in those who fear Him, In those who hope in His mercy.
  34. Cross References
    Exodus 3:8
    So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
    Numbers 13:27
    Then they told him, and said: "We went to the land where you sent us. It truly flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.
  35. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 1:26
    Nevertheless you would not go up, but rebelled against the command of the LORD your God.
    Deuteronomy 9:7
    Remember! Do not forget how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness. From the day that you departed from the land of Egypt until you came to this place, you have been rebellious against the LORD.
    Deuteronomy 9:23
    Likewise, when the LORD sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, 'Go up and possess the land which I have given you,' then you rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and you did not believe Him nor obey His voice.
    Deuteronomy 9:24
    You have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.
    1 Samuel 15:23
    For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, And stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, He also has rejected you from being king.
  36. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 7:18
    You shall not be afraid of them, but you shall remember well what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt:
  37. Cross References
    Numbers 24:8
    God brings him out of Egypt; He has strength like a wild ox; He shall consume the nations, his enemies; He shall break their bones And pierce them with his arrows.
  38. Cross References
    Genesis 48:21
    Then Israel said to Joseph, "Behold, I am dying...
    Exodus 33:16
    "For how then will it be known that Your people...
    Deuteronomy 20:1
    When you go out to battle against your enemies,...
    Deuteronomy 20:3
    And he shall say to them, 'Hear, O Israel: Toda...
    Deuteronomy 20:4
    'for the LORD your God is He who goes with you,...
    Deuteronomy 31:6 - 8
    "Be strong and of good courage, do not fear nor...
    Joshua 1:5
    No man shall be able to stand before you all th...
    Judges 1:22
    And the house of Joseph also went up against Be...
    2 Chronicles 13:12
    "Now look, God Himself is with us as our head, ...
    Psalms 46:7
    The LORD of hosts is with us; The God of Jacob ...
    Psalms 46:11
    The LORD of hosts is with us; The God of Jacob ...
    Zechariah 8:23
    "Thus says the LORD of hosts: 'In those days te...
    Matthew 28:20
    Teaching them to observe all things that I have...
    Hebrews 13:5
    Let your conduct be without covetousness; be co...
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.