Exodus 17

Water from the Rock

1 Then a all the congregation of the children of Israel set out on their journey from the Wilderness of b Sin, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to c drink. 2 d Therefore the people contended with Moses, and said, "Give us water, that we may drink." So Moses said to them, "Why do you contend with me? Why do you e tempt the LORD?" 3 And the people thirsted there for water, and the people f complained against Moses, and said, "Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our g livestock with thirst?" 4 So Moses h cried out to the LORD, saying, "What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to i stone 1 me!" 5 And the LORD said to Moses, j "Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which k you struck the river, and go. 6 l "Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 So he called the name of the place m Massah 2 3 and 4 Meribah, 5 because of the contention of the children of Israel, and because they 6 tempted the LORD, saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"

Israel Defeats Amalek

8 n Now Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Moses said to Joshua, "Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with o the rod of God in my hand." 10 So Joshua did as Moses said to him, and fought with Amalek. And Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 And so it was, when Moses p held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses' hands became 7 heavy; so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 13 So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

14 Then the LORD said to Moses, q "Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua, that r I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven." 15 And Moses built an altar and called its name, 8 The-LORD-Is-My-Banner; 16 for he said, "Because 9 the LORD has s sworn: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation."

  1. Cross References
    Exodus 16:1
    And they journeyed from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt.
  2. Cross References
    Numbers 33:11 - 15
    They moved from the Red Sea and camped in the Wilderness of Sin.
  3. Cross References
    Exodus 15:22
    So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea; then they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water.
    Numbers 20:2
    Now there was no water for the congregation; so they gathered together against Moses and Aaron.
  4. Cross References
    Exodus 14:11
    Then they said to Moses, "Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
    Numbers 20:2
    Now there was no water for the congregation; so they gathered together against Moses and Aaron.
    Numbers 20:3
    And the people contended with Moses and spoke, saying: "If only we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
    Numbers 20:13
    This was the water of Meribah, because the children of Israel contended with the LORD, and He was hallowed among them.
  5. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 6:16
    You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him in Massah.
    Psalms 78:18
    And they tested God in their heart By asking for the food of their fancy.
    Psalms 78:41
    Yes, again and again they tempted God, And limited the Holy One of Israel.
    Matthew 4:7
    Jesus said to him, "It is written again, 'You shall not tempt the LORD your God.'
    1 Corinthians 10:9
    Nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents.
  6. Cross References
    Exodus 16:2
    Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
    Exodus 16:3
    And the children of Israel said to them, "Oh, that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
  7. Cross References
    Exodus 12:38
    A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds - a great deal of livestock.
  8. Cross References
    Exodus 14:15
    And the LORD said to Moses, "Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward.
  9. Cross References
    John 8:59
    Then they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
    John 10:31
    Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him.
  10. Cross References
    Ezekiel 2:6
    And you, son of man, do not be afraid of them nor be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns are with you and you dwell among scorpions; do not be afraid of their words or dismayed by their looks, though they are a rebellious house.
  11. Cross References
    Numbers 20:8
    "Take the rod; you and your brother Aaron gather the congregation together. Speak to the rock before their eyes, and it will yield its water; thus you shall bring water for them out of the rock, and give drink to the congregation and their animals."
  12. Cross References
    Numbers 20:10
    And Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly toget...
    Numbers 20:11
    Then Moses lifted his hand and struck the rock ...
    Deuteronomy 8:15
    Who led you through that great and terrible wil...
    Nehemiah 9:15
    You gave them bread from heaven for their hunge...
    Psalms 78:15
    He split the rocks in the wilderness, And gave ...
    Psalms 105:41
    He opened the rock, and water gushed out; It ra...
    Psalms 114:8
    Who turned the rock into a pool of water, The f...
    1 Corinthians 10:4
    And all drank the same spiritual drink. For the...
  13. Cross References
    Numbers 20:13
    This was the water of Meribah, because the children of Israel contended with the LORD, and He was hallowed among them.
    Numbers 20:24
    Aaron shall be gathered to his people, for he shall not enter the land which I have given to the children of Israel, because you rebelled against My word at the water of Meribah.
    Numbers 27:14
    For in the Wilderness of Zin, during the strife of the congregation, you rebelled against My command to hallow Me at the waters before their eyes." (These are the waters of Meribah, at Kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin.)
    Psalms 81:7
    You called in trouble, and I delivered you; I answered you in the secret place of thunder; I tested you at the waters of Meribah. Selah
  14. Cross References
    Genesis 36:12
    Now Timna was the concubine of Eliphaz, Esau's son, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.
    Numbers 24:20
    Then he looked on Amalek, and he took up his oracle and said: "Amalek was first among the nations, But shall be last until he perishes.
    Deuteronomy 25:17 - 19
    Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you were coming out of Egypt.
    1 Samuel 15:2
    Thus says the LORD of hosts: 'I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt.
  15. Cross References
    Exodus 4:20
    Then Moses took his wife and his sons and set them on a donkey, and he returned to the land of Egypt. And Moses took the rod of God in his hand.
  16. Cross References
    James 5:16
    Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much.
  17. Cross References
    Exodus 24:4
    And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
    Exodus 34:27
    Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.
    Numbers 33:2
    Now Moses wrote down the starting points of their journeys at the command of the LORD. And these are their journeys according to their starting points:
  18. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 25:19
    Therefore it shall be, when the LORD your God has given you rest from your enemies all around, in the land which the LORD your God is giving you to possess as an inheritance, that you will blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. You shall not forget.
    1 Samuel 15:3
    'Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. But kill both man and woman, infant and nursing child, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.'"
    2 Samuel 1:1
    Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag.
    1 Chronicles 4:43
    And they defeated the rest of the Amalekites who had escaped. They have dwelt there to this day.
  19. Cross References
    Genesis 22:14 - 16
    And Abraham called the name of the place, The-LORD-Will-Provide; as it is said to this day, "In the Mount of the LORD it shall be provided.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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