Matthew 5

The Sermon on the Mount

1 And seeing the multitudes, a He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him.

The Beatitudes

2 Then He opened His mouth and b taught them, saying:

3 "Blessed c are the poor in spirit,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4 d Blessed are those who mourn,
For they shall be comforted.

5 e Blessed are the meek,
For f they shall inherit the 1 earth.

6 Blessed are those who g hunger and thirst for righteousness,
h For they shall be filled.

7 Blessed are the merciful,
i For they shall obtain mercy.

8 j Blessed are the pure in heart,
For k they shall see God.

9 Blessed are the peacemakers,
For they shall be called sons of God.

10 l Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 m "Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of n evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 o "Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for p so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and Light

13 "You are the salt of the earth; q but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men.

14 r "You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 "Nor do they s light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 "Let your light so shine before men, t that they may see your good works and u glorify your Father in heaven.

Christ Came to Fulfill the Law

17 v "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 "For assuredly, I say to you, w till heaven and earth pass away, one 2 jot or one 3 tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. 19 x "Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 "For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds y the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.


21 "You have heard that it was said to those 4 of old, z 'You shall not murder, 5 and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.' 22 "But I say to you that a whoever is angry with his brother 6 without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, b 'Raca!' 7 shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, 8 'You fool!' shall be in danger of 9 hell fire. 23 "Therefore c if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 d "leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25 e "Agree with your adversary quickly, f while you are on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, the judge hand you over to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 26 "Assuredly, I say to you, you will by no means get out of there till you have paid the last penny.


27 "You have heard that it was said 10 to those of old, g 'You shall not commit adultery.' 11 28 "But I say to you that whoever h looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 i "If your right eye causes you to 12 sin, j pluck it out and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. 30 "And if your right hand causes you to 13 sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell.


31 "Furthermore it has been said, k 'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.' 14 32 "But I say to you that l whoever divorces his wife for any reason except 15 sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery.


33 "Again you have heard that m it was said to those of 16 old, n 'You shall not swear falsely, but o shall perform your oaths to the Lord.' 34 "But I say to you, p do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is q God's throne; 35 "nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of r the great King. 36 "Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 s "But let 17 your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No.' For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.


38 "You have heard that it was said, t 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' 18 39 u "But I tell you not to resist an evil person. v But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. 40 "If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also. 41 "And whoever w compels you to go one mile, go with him two. 42 "Give to him who asks you, and x from him who wants to borrow from you do not turn away.

Love Your Enemies

43 "You have heard that it was said, y 'You shall love your neighbor 19 z and hate your enemy.' 44 20 "But I say to you, a love your enemies, bless those who curse you, b do good to those who hate you, and pray c for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, 45 "that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for d He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 e "For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 "And if you greet your 21 brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the 22 tax collectors do so? 48 f "Therefore you shall be perfect, just g as your Father in heaven is perfect.

  1. Cross References
    Matthew 14:23
    And when He had sent the multitudes away, He we...
    Matthew 15:29
    Jesus departed from there, skirted the Sea of G...
    Matthew 17:1
    Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and...
    Mark 3:13
    And He went up on the mountain and called to Hi...
    Luke 6:17
    And He came down with them and stood on a level...
    Luke 9:28
    Now it came to pass, about eight days after the...
    John 6:3
    And Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He...
    John 6:15
    Therefore when Jesus perceived that they were a...
  2. Cross References
    Matthew 7:29
    For He taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.
    Mark 10:1
    Then He arose from there and came to the region of Judea by the other side of the Jordan. And multitudes gathered to Him again, and as He was accustomed, He taught them again.
    Mark 12:35
    Then Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, "How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David?
    John 8:2
    Now early in the morning He came again into the temple, and all the people came to Him; and He sat down and taught them.
  3. Cross References
    Proverbs 16:19
    Better to be of a humble spirit with the lowly, Than to divide the spoil with the proud.
    Isaiah 66:2
    For all those things My hand has made, And all those things exist," Says the LORD. "But on this one will I look: On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, And who trembles at My word.
    Luke 6:20 - 23
    Then He lifted up His eyes toward His disciples, and said: "Blessed are you poor, For yours is the kingdom of God.
  4. Cross References
    Isaiah 61:2
    To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, An...
    Isaiah 61:3
    To console those who mourn in Zion, To give the...
    Luke 6:21
    Blessed are you who hunger now, For you shall b...
    John 16:20
    Most assuredly, I say to you that you will weep...
    Acts 16:34
    Now when he had brought them into his house, he...
    2 Corinthians 1:7
    And our hope for you is steadfast, because we k...
    Revelation 21:4
    "And God will wipe away every tear from their e...
  5. Cross References
    Psalms 37:11
    But the meek shall inherit the earth, And shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.
    Isaiah 29:19
    The humble also shall increase their joy in the LORD, And the poor among men shall rejoice In the Holy One of Israel.
  6. Cross References
    Romans 4:13
    For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
  7. Cross References
    Luke 1:53
    He has filled the hungry with good things, And the rich He has sent away empty.
    Acts 2:4
    And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
  8. Cross References
    Isaiah 55:1
    Ho! Everyone who thirsts, Come to the waters; And you who have no money, Come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.
    Isaiah 65:13
    Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: "Behold, My servants shall eat, But you shall be hungry; Behold, My servants shall drink, But you shall be thirsty; Behold, My servants shall rejoice, But you shall be ashamed.
    John 4:14
    "but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life."
    John 6:48
    I am the bread of life.
    John 7:37
    On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.
  9. Cross References
    Psalms 41:1
    Blessed is he who considers the poor; The LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
    Mark 11:25
    And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive him, that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses.
  10. Cross References
    Psalms 15:2
    He who walks uprightly, And works righteousness, And speaks the truth in his heart.
    Psalms 24:4
    He who has clean hands and a pure heart, Who has not lifted up his soul to an idol, Nor sworn deceitfully.
    Hebrews 12:14
    Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord:
  11. Cross References
    Acts 7:55
    But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.
    Acts 7:56
    And said, "Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!
    1 Corinthians 13:12
    For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known.
  12. Cross References
    2 Corinthians 4:17
    For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, is working for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.
    1 Peter 3:14
    But even if you should suffer for righteousness' sake, you are blessed. "And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled.
  13. Cross References
    Luke 6:22
    Blessed are you when men hate you, And when they exclude you, And revile you, and cast out your name as evil, For the Son of Man's sake.
  14. Cross References
    1 Peter 4:14
    If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you. On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is glorified.
  15. Cross References
    Luke 6:23
    Rejoice in that day and leap for joy! For indeed your reward is great in heaven, For in like manner their fathers did to the prophets.
    Acts 5:41
    So they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name.
    1 Peter 4:13
    But rejoice to the extent that you partake of Christ's sufferings, that when His glory is revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
    1 Peter 4:14
    If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you. On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is glorified.
  16. Cross References
    2 Chronicles 36:16
    But they mocked the messengers of God, despised...
    Nehemiah 9:26
    Nevertheless they were disobedient And rebelled...
    Matthew 23:37
    O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the p...
    Acts 7:52
    Which of the prophets did your fathers not pers...
    1 Thessalonians 2:15
    Who killed both the Lord Jesus and their own pr...
    Hebrews 11:35 - 37
    Women received their dead raised to life again....
    James 5:10
    My brethren, take the prophets, who spoke in th...
  17. Cross References
    Mark 9:50
    "Salt is good, but if the salt loses its flavor, how will you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace with one another."
    Luke 14:34
    Salt is good; but if the salt has lost its flavor, how shall it be seasoned?
  18. Cross References
    Proverbs 4:18
    But the path of the just is like the shining sun, That shines ever brighter unto the perfect day.
    John 8:12
    Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, "I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.
    Philippians 2:15
    That you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world.
  19. Cross References
    Mark 4:21
    Also He said to them, "Is a lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed? Is it not to be set on a lampstand?
    Luke 8:16
    No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a vessel or puts it under a bed, but sets it on a lampstand, that those who enter may see the light.
    Philippians 2:15
    That you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world.
  20. Cross References
    1 Peter 2:12
    Having your conduct honorable among the Gentiles, that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of visitation.
  21. Cross References
    John 15:8
    By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.
    1 Corinthians 14:25
    And thus the secrets of his heart are revealed; and so, falling down on his face, he will worship God and report that God is truly among you.
  22. Cross References
    Romans 10:4
    For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
  23. Cross References
    Matthew 24:35
    Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.
    Luke 16:17
    And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one tittle of the law to fail.
  24. Cross References
    James 2:10
    For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all.
  25. Cross References
    Romans 10:3
    For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.
  26. Cross References
    Exodus 20:13
    You shall not murder.
    Deuteronomy 5:17
    You shall not murder.
  27. Cross References
    1 John 3:15
    Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
  28. Cross References
    James 2:20
    But do you want to know, O foolish man, that faith without works is dead?
    James 3:6
    And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. The tongue is so set among our members that it defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire by hell.
  29. Cross References
    Matthew 8:4
    And Jesus said to him, "See that you tell no one; but go your way, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.
  30. Cross References
    Job 42:8
    "Now therefore, take for yourselves seven bulls and seven rams, go to My servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and My servant Job shall pray for you. For I will accept him, lest I deal with you according to your folly; because you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has."
    1 Timothy 2:8
    I desire therefore that the men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
    1 Peter 3:7
    Husbands, likewise, dwell with them with understanding, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered.
  31. Cross References
    Proverbs 25:8
    Do not go hastily to court; For what will you do in the end, When your neighbor has put you to shame?
    Luke 12:58
    When you go with your adversary to the magistrate, make every effort along the way to settle with him, lest he drag you to the judge, the judge deliver you to the officer, and the officer throw you into prison.
    Luke 12:59
    "I tell you, you shall not depart from there till you have paid the very last mite."
  32. Cross References
    Psalms 32:6
    For this cause everyone who is godly shall pray to You In a time when You may be found; Surely in a flood of great waters They shall not come near him.
    Isaiah 55:6
    Seek the LORD while He may be found, Call upon Him while He is near.
  33. Cross References
    Exodus 20:14
    You shall not commit adultery.
    Deuteronomy 5:18
    You shall not commit adultery.
  34. Cross References
    2 Samuel 11:2 - 5
    Then it happened one evening that David arose f...
    Job 31:1
    I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then s...
    Proverbs 6:25
    Do not lust after her beauty in your heart, Nor...
    Matthew 15:19
    For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, mur...
    James 1:14
    But each one is tempted when he is drawn away b...
    James 1:15
    Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth...
  35. Cross References
    Mark 9:43
    If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life maimed, rather than having two hands, to go to hell, into the fire that shall never be quenched -
  36. Cross References
    Colossians 3:5
    Therefore put to death your members which are on the earth: fornication, uncleanness, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry.
  37. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 24:1
    When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some uncleanness in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house.
    Jeremiah 3:1
    They say, 'If a man divorces his wife, And she goes from him And becomes another man's, May he return to her again?' Would not that land be greatly polluted? But you have played the harlot with many lovers; Yet return to Me," says the LORD.
    Mark 10:2
    The Pharisees came and asked Him, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?" testing Him.
  38. Cross References
    Matthew 19:9
    "And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery."
    Mark 10:11
    So He said to them, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her.
    Luke 16:18
    Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced from her husband commits adultery.
    Romans 7:3
    So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man.
    1 Corinthians 7:11
    But even if she does depart, let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband. And a husband is not to divorce his wife.
  39. Cross References
    Matthew 23:16
    "Woe to you, blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obliged to perform it.'
  40. Cross References
    Exodus 20:7
    You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
    Leviticus 19:12
    And you shall not swear by My name falsely, nor shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.
    Numbers 30:2
    If a man makes a vow to the LORD, or swears an oath to bind himself by some agreement, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.
  41. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 23:23
    That which has gone from your lips you shall keep and perform, for you voluntarily vowed to the LORD your God what you have promised with your mouth.
  42. Cross References
    Matthew 23:16
    "Woe to you, blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obliged to perform it.'
    James 5:12
    But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath. But let your "Yes" be "Yes," and your "No," "No," lest you fall into judgment.
  43. Cross References
    Isaiah 66:1
    Thus says the LORD: "Heaven is My throne, And earth is My footstool. Where is the house that you will build Me? And where is the place of My rest?
  44. Cross References
    Psalms 48:2
    Beautiful in elevation, The joy of the whole earth, Is Mount Zion on the sides of the north, The city of the great King.
    Matthew 5:2
    Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying:
    Matthew 5:19
    Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
    Matthew 6:10
    Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven.
  45. Cross References
    Colossians 4:6
    Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer each one.
    James 5:12
    But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath. But let your "Yes" be "Yes," and your "No," "No," lest you fall into judgment.
  46. Cross References
    Exodus 21:24
    Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
    Leviticus 24:20
    Fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; as he has caused disfigurement of a man, so shall it be done to him.
    Deuteronomy 19:21
    Your eye shall not pity: life shall be for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
  47. Cross References
    Proverbs 20:22
    Do not say, "I will recompense evil"; Wait for the LORD, and He will save you.
    Luke 6:29
    To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. And from him who takes away your cloak, do not withhold your tunic either.
    Romans 12:17
    Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men.
    1 Corinthians 6:7
    Now therefore, it is already an utter failure for you that you go to law against one another. Why do you not rather accept wrong? Why do you not rather let yourselves be cheated?
    1 Peter 3:9
    Not returning evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary blessing, knowing that you were called to this, that you may inherit a blessing.
  48. Cross References
    Isaiah 50:6
    I gave My back to those who struck Me, And My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.
    Lamentations 3:30
    Let him give his cheek to the one who strikes him, And be full of reproach.
  49. Cross References
    Matthew 27:32
    Now as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. Him they compelled to bear His cross.
  50. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 15:7 - 11
    If there is among you a poor man of your brethren, within any of the gates in your land which the LORD your God is giving you, you shall not harden your heart nor shut your hand from your poor brother.
    Luke 6:30 - 34
    Give to everyone who asks of you. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back.
    1 Timothy 6:18
    Let them do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to give, willing to share.
  51. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:18
    You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.
  52. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 23:3 - 6
    An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD forever.
    Psalms 41:10
    But You, O LORD, be merciful to me, and raise me up, That I may repay them.
  53. Cross References
    Luke 6:27
    But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you.
    Romans 12:14
    Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.
  54. Cross References
    Romans 12:20
    Therefore "If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.
  55. Cross References
    Luke 23:34
    Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do." And they divided His garments and cast lots.
    Acts 7:60
    Then he knelt down and cried out with a loud voice, "Lord, do not charge them with this sin." And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
    1 Corinthians 4:12
    And we labor, working with our own hands. Being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure.
    1 Peter 2:23
    Who, when He was reviled, did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously.
  56. Cross References
    Job 25:3
    Is there any number to His armies? Upon whom does His light not rise?
    Psalms 65:9 - 13
    You visit the earth and water it, You greatly enrich it; The river of God is full of water; You provide their grain, For so You have prepared it.
    Luke 12:16
    Then He spoke a parable to them, saying: "The ground of a certain rich man yielded plentifully.
    Luke 12:17
    "And he thought within himself, saying, 'What shall I do, since I have no room to store my crops?'
    Acts 14:17
    "Nevertheless He did not leave Himself without witness, in that He did good, gave us rain from heaven and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness."
  57. Cross References
    Luke 6:32
    But if you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them.
  58. Cross References
    Genesis 17:1
    When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD ...
    Leviticus 11:44
    For I am the LORD your God. You shall therefore...
    Leviticus 19:2
    Speak to all the congregation of the children o...
    Luke 6:36
    Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also...
    Colossians 1:28
    Him we preach, warning every man and teaching e...
    Colossians 4:12
    Epaphras, who is one of you, a bondservant of C...
    James 1:4
    But let patience have its perfect work, that yo...
    1 Peter 1:15
    But as He who called you is holy, you also be h...
  59. Cross References
    Ephesians 5:1
    Therefore be imitators of God as dear children.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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