Jeremiah 46

Judgment on Egypt

1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against a the nations.

2 Against b Egypt.
c Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon d defeated in the e fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:

3 "Order 1 the 2 buckler and shield,
And draw near to battle!
4 Harness the horses,
And mount up, you horsemen!
Stand forth with your helmets,
Polish the spears,
f Put on the armor!
5 Why have I seen them dismayed and turned back?
Their mighty ones are beaten down;
They have speedily fled,
And did not look back,
For g fear was all around," says the LORD.

6 "Do not let the swift flee away,
Nor the mighty man escape;
They will h stumble and fall
Toward the north, by the River Euphrates.

7 "Who is this coming up i like a flood,
Whose waters move like the rivers?
8 Egypt rises up like a flood,
And its waters move like the rivers;
And he says, 'I will go up and cover the earth,
I will destroy the city and its inhabitants.'
9 Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots!
And let the mighty men come forth:
3 The Ethiopians and 4 the Libyans who handle the shield,
And the Lydians j who handle and bend the bow.
10 For this is k the day of the Lord GOD of hosts,
A day of vengeance,
That He may avenge Himself on His adversaries.
l The sword shall devour;
It shall be 5 satiated and made drunk with their blood;
For the Lord GOD of hosts m has a sacrifice
In the north country by the River Euphrates.
11 "Go n up to Gilead and take balm,
o O virgin, the daughter of Egypt;
In vain you will use many medicines;
p You shall not be cured.
12 The nations have heard of your q shame,
And your cry has filled the land;
For the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty;
They both have fallen together."

13 The word that the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and r strike the land of Egypt.

14 "Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in s Migdol;
Proclaim in 6 Noph 7 and in t Tahpanhes;
Say, 'Stand fast and prepare yourselves,
For the sword devours all around you.'
15 Why are your valiant men swept away?
They did not stand
Because the LORD drove them away.
16 He made many fall;
Yes, u one fell upon another.
And they said, 'Arise!
v Let us go back to our own people
And to the land of our nativity
From the oppressing sword.'
17 They cried there,
'Pharaoh, king of Egypt, is but a noise.
He has passed by the appointed time!'

18 " As I live," says the King,
w Whose name is the LORD of hosts,
"Surely as Tabor is among the mountains
And as Carmel by the sea, so he shall come.
19 O x you daughter dwelling in Egypt,
Prepare yourself y to go into captivity!
For 8 Noph 9 shall be waste and desolate, without inhabitant.

20 "Egypt is a very pretty z heifer,
But destruction comes, it comes a from the north.
21 Also her mercenaries are in her midst like 10 fat bulls,
For they also are turned back,
They have fled away together.
They did not stand,
For b the day of their calamity had come upon them,
The time of their punishment.

22 c Her noise shall go like a serpent,
For they shall march with an army
And come against her with axes,
Like those who chop wood.
23 "They shall d cut down her forest," says the LORD,
"Though it cannot be searched,
Because they are innumerable,
And more numerous than e grasshoppers.
24 The daughter of Egypt shall be ashamed;
She shall be delivered into the hand
Of f the people of the north."

25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says: "Behold, I will bring punishment on 11 Amon 11 of g No, 13 14 and Pharaoh and Egypt, h with their gods and their kings - Pharaoh and those who i trust in him. 26 j "And I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. k Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old," says the LORD.

27 "But l do not fear, O My servant Jacob,
And do not be dismayed, O Israel!
For behold, I will m save you from afar,
And your offspring from the land of their captivity;
Jacob shall return, have rest and be at ease;
No one shall make him afraid.
28 Do not fear, O Jacob My servant," says the LORD,
"For I am with you;
For I will make a complete end of all the nations
To which I have driven you,
But I will not make n a complete end of you.
I will rightly o correct you,
For I will not leave you wholly unpunished."

  1. Cross References
    Jeremiah 25:15
    For thus says the LORD God of Israel to me: "Take this wine cup of fury from My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it.
  2. Cross References
    Jeremiah 25:17 - 19
    Then I took the cup from the LORD's hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom the LORD had sent me:
    Ezekiel 29:2
    Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt.
    Ezekiel 32:32
    For I have caused My terror in the land of the living; And he shall be placed in the midst of the uncircumcised With those slain by the sword, Pharaoh and all his multitude," Says the Lord GOD.
  3. Cross References
    2 Kings 23:33 - 35
    Now Pharaoh Necho put him in prison at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a tribute of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
  4. Cross References
    2 Kings 23:29
    In his days Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt went to the aid of the king of Assyria, to the River Euphrates; and King Josiah went against him. And Pharaoh Necho killed him at Megiddo when he confronted him.
    2 Kings 24:7
    And the king of Egypt did not come out of his land anymore, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of Egypt to the River Euphrates.
    2 Chronicles 35:20
    After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him.
  5. Cross References
    Jeremiah 45:1
    The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the instruction of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying.
  6. Cross References
    Isaiah 21:5
    Prepare the table, Set a watchman in the tower,...
    Jeremiah 51:11
    Make the arrows bright! Gather the shields! The...
    Jeremiah 51:12
    Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon; Ma...
    Joel 3:9
    Proclaim this among the nations: "Prepare for w...
    Nahum 2:1
    He who scatters has come up before your face. M...
    Nahum 3:14
    Draw your water for the siege! Fortify your str...
  7. Cross References
    Jeremiah 49:29
    Their tents and their flocks they shall take away. They shall take for themselves their curtains, All their vessels and their camels; And they shall cry out to them, 'Fear is on every side!
  8. Cross References
    Jeremiah 46:12
    The nations have heard of your shame, And your cry has filled the land; For the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty; They both have fallen together.
    Jeremiah 46:16
    He made many fall; Yes, one fell upon another. And they said, 'Arise! Let us go back to our own people And to the land of our nativity From the oppressing sword.
    Daniel 11:19
    Then he shall turn his face toward the fortress of his own land; but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.
  9. Cross References
    Isaiah 8:7
    Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up over them The waters of the River, strong and mighty - The king of Assyria and all his glory; He will go up over all his channels And go over all his banks.
    Isaiah 8:8
    He will pass through Judah, He will overflow and pass over, He will reach up to the neck; And the stretching out of his wings Will fill the breadth of Your land, O Immanuel.
    Jeremiah 47:2
    Thus says the LORD: "Behold, waters rise out of the north, And shall be an overflowing flood; They shall overflow the land and all that is in it, The city and those who dwell within; Then the men shall cry, And all the inhabitants of the land shall wail.
    Daniel 11:22
    With the force of a flood they shall be swept away from before him and be broken, and also the prince of the covenant.
  10. Cross References
    Isaiah 66:19
    I will set a sign among them; and those among them who escape I will send to the nations: to Tarshish and Pul and Lud, who draw the bow, and Tubal and Javan, to the coastlands afar off who have not heard My fame nor seen My glory. And they shall declare My glory among the Gentiles.
  11. Cross References
    Isaiah 13:6
    Wail, for the day of the LORD is at hand! It will come as destruction from the Almighty.
    Joel 1:15
    Alas for the day! For the day of the LORD is at hand; It shall come as destruction from the Almighty.
  12. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 32:42
    I will make My arrows drunk with blood, And My sword shall devour flesh, With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the heads of the leaders of the enemy."
    Isaiah 31:8
    Then Assyria shall fall by a sword not of man, And a sword not of mankind shall devour him. But he shall flee from the sword, And his young men shall become forced labor.
    Jeremiah 12:12
    The plunderers have come On all the desolate heights in the wilderness, For the sword of the LORD shall devour From one end of the land to the other end of the land; No flesh shall have peace.
  13. Cross References
    Isaiah 34:6
    The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, It is made overflowing with fatness, With the blood of lambs and goats, With the fat of the kidneys of rams. For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah, And a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
    Zephaniah 1:7
    Be silent in the presence of the Lord GOD; For the day of the LORD is at hand, For the LORD has prepared a sacrifice; He has invited His guests.
    Ezekiel 39:17
    And as for you, son of man, thus says the Lord GOD, 'Speak to every sort of bird and to every beast of the field: "Assemble yourselves and come; Gather together from all sides to My sacrificial meal Which I am sacrificing for you, A great sacrificial meal on the mountains of Israel, That you may eat flesh and drink blood.
  14. Cross References
    Jeremiah 8:22
    Is there no balm in Gilead, Is there no physician there? Why then is there no recovery For the health of the daughter of my people?
  15. Cross References
    Isaiah 47:1
    Come down and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon; Sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans! For you shall no more be called Tender and delicate.
    Jeremiah 31:4
    Again I will build you, and you shall be rebuilt, O virgin of Israel! You shall again be adorned with your tambourines, And shall go forth in the dances of those who rejoice.
    Jeremiah 31:21
    Set up signposts, Make landmarks; Set your heart toward the highway, The way in which you went. Turn back, O virgin of Israel, Turn back to these your cities.
  16. Cross References
    Ezekiel 30:21
    Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and see, it has not been bandaged for healing, nor a splint put on to bind it, to make it strong enough to hold a sword.
  17. Cross References
    Jeremiah 2:36
    Why do you gad about so much to change your way? Also you shall be ashamed of Egypt as you were ashamed of Assyria.
    Nahum 3:8 - 10
    Are you better than No Amon That was situated by the River, That had the waters around her, Whose rampart was the sea, Whose wall was the sea?
  18. Cross References
    Isaiah 19:1
    The burden against Egypt. Behold, the LORD rides on a swift cloud, And will come into Egypt; The idols of Egypt will totter at His presence, And the heart of Egypt will melt in its midst.
    Jeremiah 43:10
    And say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: "Behold, I will send and bring Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will set his throne above these stones that I have hidden. And he will spread his royal pavilion over them.
    Jeremiah 43:11
    When he comes, he shall strike the land of Egypt and deliver to death those appointed for death, and to captivity those appointed for captivity, and to the sword those appointed for the sword.
    Ezekiel 29:1 - 21
    In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying.
  19. Cross References
    Jeremiah 44:1
    The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews who dwell in the land of Egypt, who dwell at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying.
  20. Cross References
    Ezekiel 30:18
    At Tehaphnehes the day shall also be darkened, When I break the yokes of Egypt there. And her arrogant strength shall cease in her; As for her, a cloud shall cover her, And her daughters shall go into captivity.
  21. Cross References
    Leviticus 26:36
    And as for those of you who are left, I will send faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; the sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee; they shall flee as though fleeing from a sword, and they shall fall when no one pursues.
    Leviticus 26:37
    They shall stumble over one another, as it were before a sword, when no one pursues; and you shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
    Jeremiah 46:6
    Do not let the swift flee away, Nor the mighty man escape; They will stumble and fall Toward the north, by the River Euphrates.
  22. Cross References
    Jeremiah 51:9
    We would have healed Babylon, But she is not healed. Forsake her, and let us go everyone to his own country; For her judgment reaches to heaven and is lifted up to the skies.
  23. Cross References
    Isaiah 47:4
    As for our Redeemer, the LORD of hosts is His name, The Holy One of Israel.
    Jeremiah 48:15
    Moab is plundered and gone up from her cities; Her chosen young men have gone down to the slaughter," says the King, Whose name is the LORD of hosts.
    Malachi 1:14
    But cursed be the deceiver Who has in his flock a male, And takes a vow, But sacrifices to the Lord what is blemished - For I am a great King," Says the LORD of hosts, "And My name is to be feared among the nations.
  24. Cross References
    Jeremiah 48:18
    O daughter inhabiting Dibon, Come down from your glory, And sit in thirst; For the plunderer of Moab has come against you, He has destroyed your strongholds.
  25. Cross References
    Isaiah 20:4
    So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians as prisoners and the Ethiopians as captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
  26. Cross References
    Hosea 10:11
    Ephraim is a trained heifer That loves to thresh grain; But I harnessed her fair neck, I will make Ephraim pull a plow. Judah shall plow; Jacob shall break his clods.
  27. Cross References
    Jeremiah 1:14
    Then the LORD said to me: "Out of the north calamity shall break forth On all the inhabitants of the land.
  28. Cross References
    Psalms 37:13
    The Lord laughs at him, For He sees that his day is coming.
    Jeremiah 50:27
    Slay all her bulls, Let them go down to the slaughter. Woe to them! For their day has come, the time of their punishment.
  29. Cross References
    Isaiah 29:4
    You shall be brought down, You shall speak out of the ground; Your speech shall be low, out of the dust; Your voice shall be like a medium's, out of the ground; And your speech shall whisper out of the dust.
  30. Cross References
    Isaiah 10:34
    He will cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, And Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.
  31. Cross References
    Judges 6:5
    For they would come up with their livestock and their tents, coming in as numerous as locusts; both they and their camels were without number; and they would enter the land to destroy it.
    Judges 7:12
    Now the Midianites and Amalekites, all the people of the East, were lying in the valley as numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the seashore in multitude.
    Joel 2:25
    So I will restore to you the years that the swarming locust has eaten, The crawling locust, The consuming locust, And the chewing locust, My great army which I sent among you.
  32. Cross References
    Jeremiah 1:15
    For behold, I am calling All the families of the kingdoms of the north," says the LORD; "They shall come and each one set his throne At the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, Against all its walls all around, And against all the cities of Judah.
  33. Cross References
    Ezekiel 30:14 - 16
    I will make Pathros desolate, Set fire to Zoan, And execute judgments in No.
    Nahum 3:8
    Are you better than No Amon That was situated by the River, That had the waters around her, Whose rampart was the sea, Whose wall was the sea?
  34. Cross References
    Exodus 12:12
    For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
    Jeremiah 43:12
    I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt, and he shall burn them and carry them away captive. And he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd puts on his garment, and he shall go out from there in peace.
    Jeremiah 43:13
    "He shall also break the sacred pillars of Beth Shemesh that are in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of the Egyptians he shall burn with fire." '"
    Ezekiel 30:13
    Thus says the Lord GOD: "I will also destroy the idols, And cause the images to cease from Noph; There shall no longer be princes from the land of Egypt; I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
    Zephaniah 2:11
    The LORD will be awesome to them, For He will reduce to nothing all the gods of the earth; People shall worship Him, Each one from his place, Indeed all the shores of the nations.
  35. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:1 - 5
    Woe to the rebellious children," says the LORD, "Who take counsel, but not of Me, And who devise plans, but not of My Spirit, That they may add sin to sin.
    Isaiah 31:1 - 3
    Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, And rely on horses, Who trust in chariots because they are many, And in horsemen because they are very strong, But who do not look to the Holy One of Israel, Nor seek the LORD!
  36. Cross References
    Jeremiah 44:30
    "Thus says the LORD: 'Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, his enemy who sought his life.'"
    Ezekiel 32:11
    For thus says the Lord GOD: 'The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon you.
  37. Cross References
    Ezekiel 29:8 - 14
    Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: "Surely I will bring a sword upon you and cut off from you man and beast.
  38. Cross References
    Isaiah 41:13
    For I, the LORD your God, will hold your right ...
    Isaiah 41:14
    Fear not, you worm Jacob, You men of Israel! I ...
    Isaiah 43:5
    Fear not, for I am with you; I will bring your ...
    Isaiah 44:2
    Thus says the LORD who made you And formed you ...
    Jeremiah 30:10
    Therefore do not fear, O My servant Jacob,' say...
    Jeremiah 30:11
    For I am with you,' says the LORD, 'to save you...
  39. Cross References
    Isaiah 11:11
    It shall come to pass in that day That the Lord shall set His hand again the second time To recover the remnant of His people who are left, From Assyria and Egypt, From Pathros and Cush, From Elam and Shinar, From Hamath and the islands of the sea.
    Jeremiah 23:3
    But I will gather the remnant of My flock out of all countries where I have driven them, and bring them back to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.
    Jeremiah 23:4
    I will set up shepherds over them who will feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, nor shall they be lacking," says the LORD.
    Micah 7:12
    In that day they shall come to you From Assyria and the fortified cities, From the fortress to the River, From sea to sea, And mountain to mountain.
  40. Cross References
    Jeremiah 10:24
    O LORD, correct me, but with justice; Not in Your anger, lest You bring me to nothing.
    Amos 9:8
    Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are on the sinful kingdom, And I will destroy it from the face of the earth; Yet I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob," Says the LORD.
    Amos 9:9
    For surely I will command, And will sift the house of Israel among all nations, As grain is sifted in a sieve; Yet not the smallest grain shall fall to the ground.
  41. Cross References
    Jeremiah 30:11
    For I am with you,' says the LORD, 'to save you; Though I make a full end of all nations where I have scattered you, Yet I will not make a complete end of you. But I will correct you in justice, And will not let you go altogether unpunished.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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