Psalm 45

Your Throne, O God, Is Forever

To the choirmaster: according to Lilies. A Maskil 1 of the Sons of Korah; a love song.

My heart overflows with a pleasing theme;
I address my verses to the king;
my tongue is like the pen of w a ready scribe.

2 You are x the most handsome of the sons of men;
y grace is poured upon your lips;
therefore God has blessed you forever.
3 z Gird your a sword on your thigh, O b mighty one,
in c your splendor and majesty!

4 In your majesty d ride out victoriously
for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness;
let your right hand teach you e awesome deeds!
5 Your arrows are sharp
in the heart of the king's enemies;
the peoples fall under you.

6 f Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
The g scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
7 h you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
Therefore i God, your God, has j anointed you
with the oil of k gladness l beyond your companions;
8 your robes are all fragrant with m myrrh and aloes and cassia.
From ivory palaces n stringed instruments make you glad;
9 daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor;
o at your right hand stands the queen in p gold of Ophir.

10 Hear, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear:
forget your people and your father's house,
11 and the king will desire your beauty.
Since he is your q lord, r bow to him.
12 The people 2 of Tyre will s seek your favor with t gifts,
u the richest of the people. 3

13 All glorious is v the princess in her chamber, with robes interwoven with gold.
14 w In many-colored robes x she is led to the king,
with her virgin companions following behind her.
15 With joy and gladness they are led along
as they enter the palace of the king.

16 In place of your fathers shall be your sons;
you will make them y princes in all the earth.
17 z I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations;
therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.

  1. Cross References
    Psalms 42:1
    Book Two As a deer pants for flowing streams, so pants my soul for you, O God.
  2. Cross References
    Ezra 7:6
    This Ezra went up from Babylonia. He was a scribe skilled in the Law of Moses that the Lord, the God of Israel, had given, and the king granted him all that he asked, for the hand of the Lord his God was on him.
  3. Cross References
    Isaiah 33:17
    Your eyes will behold the king in his beauty; they will see a land that stretches afar.
  4. Cross References
    Luke 4:22
    And all spoke well of him and marveled at the gracious words that were coming from his mouth. And they said, "Is not this Joseph's son?
    Isaiah 61:1 - 3
    The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound.
  5. Cross References
    Exodus 32:27
    And he said to them, "Thus says the Lord God of Israel, 'Put your sword on your side each of you, and go to and fro from gate to gate throughout the camp, and each of you kill his brother and his companion and his neighbor.'
  6. Cross References
    Isaiah 49:2
    He made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand he hid me; he made me a polished arrow; in his quiver he hid me away.
    Hebrews 4:12
    For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
    Revelation 1:16
    In his right hand he held seven stars, from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining in full strength.
    Revelation 19:15
    From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty.
  7. Cross References
    Psalms 24:8
    Who is this King of glory? The Lord, strong and mighty, the Lord, mighty in battle!
    Isaiah 9:6
    For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
  8. Cross References
    Psalms 21:5
    His glory is great through your salvation; splendor and majesty you bestow on him.
    Psalms 96:6 - 7
    Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.
  9. Cross References
    Revelation 16:2
    So the first angel went and poured out his bowl on the earth, and harmful and painful sores came upon the people who bore the mark of the beast and worshiped its image.
  10. Cross References
    Psalms 65:5
    By awesome deeds you answer us with righteousness, O God of our salvation, the hope of all the ends of the earth and of the farthest seas.
  11. Cross References
    Psalms 93:2
    Your throne is established from of old; you are from everlasting.
    Psalms 110:2
    The Lord sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your enemies!
    Hebrews 1:8 - 9
    But of the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.
  12. Cross References
    Psalms 67:4
    Let the nations be glad and sing for joy, for you judge the peoples with equity and guide the nations upon earth. Selah
    Psalms 96:10
    Say among the nations, "The Lord reigns! Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved; he will judge the peoples with equity.
  13. Cross References
    Psalms 11:7
    For the Lord is righteous; he loves righteous deeds; the upright shall behold his face.
  14. Cross References
    Isaiah 61:1
    The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound.
  15. Cross References
    Psalms 2:2
    The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against his Anointed, saying.
    1 Kings 1:39
    There Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, "Long live King Solomon!
    Acts 10:38
    How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
  16. Cross References
    Psalms 21:6
    For you make him most blessed forever; you make him glad with the joy of your presence.
  17. Cross References
    1 Kings 3:13
    I give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your days.
  18. Cross References
    John 19:39
    Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight.
    Matthew 2:11
    And going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh.
  19. Cross References
    Psalms 150:4
    Praise him with tambourine and dance; praise him with strings and pipe!
  20. Cross References
    1 Kings 2:19
    So Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah. And the king rose to meet her and bowed down to her. Then he sat on his throne and had a seat brought for the king's mother, and she sat on his right.
    Nehemiah 2:6
    And the king said to me ( the queen sitting beside him), "How long will you be gone, and when will you return?" So it pleased the king to send me when I had given him a time.
  21. Cross References
    Job 28:16
    It cannot be valued in the gold of Ophir, in precious onyx or sapphire.
  22. Cross References
    Isaiah 54:5
    For your Maker is your husband, the Lord of hosts is his name; and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer, the God of the whole earth he is called.
  23. Cross References
    Psalms 95:6
    Oh come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord, our Maker!
  24. Cross References
    Job 11:19
    You will lie down, and none will make you afraid; many will court your favor.
  25. Cross References
    Psalms 96:8
    Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name; bring an offering, and come into his courts!
  26. Cross References
    Psalms 22:29
    All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship; before him shall bow all who go down to the dust, even the one who could not keep himself alive.
    Psalms 68:29
    Because of your temple at Jerusalem kings shall bear gifts to you.
    Psalms 72:10
    May the kings of Tarshish and of the coastlands render him tribute; may the kings of Sheba and Seba bring gifts!
    Isaiah 49:7
    Thus says the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel and his Holy One, to one deeply despised, abhorred by the nation, the servant of rulers: "Kings shall see and arise; princes, and they shall prostrate themselves; because of the Lord, who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you.
  27. Cross References
    Revelation 19:7 - 8
    Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready.
  28. Cross References
    Judges 5:30
    'Have they not found and divided the spoil? - A womb or two for every man; spoil of dyed materials for Sisera, spoil of dyed materials embroidered, two pieces of dyed work embroidered for the neck as spoil?'
    Ezekiel 16:18
    And you took your embroidered garments to cover them, and set my oil and my incense before them.
    Ezekiel 26:16
    Then all the princes of the sea will step down from their thrones and remove their robes and strip off their embroidered garments. They will clothe themselves with trembling; they will sit on the ground and tremble every moment and be appalled at you.
  29. Cross References
    Song of Solomon 1:4
    Draw me after you; let us run. The king has brought me into his chambers. We will exult and rejoice in you; we will extol your love more than wine; rightly do they love you.
  30. Cross References
    1 Peter 2:9
    But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
    Revelation 1:6
    And made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
    Revelation 5:10
    And you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth.
    Revelation 20:6
    Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him for a thousand years.
  31. Cross References
    Malachi 1:11
    For from the rising of the sun to its setting my name will be great among the nations, and in every place incense will be offered to my name, and a pure offering. For my name will be great among the nations, says the Lord of hosts.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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