Nahum 1

God's Wrath Against Nineveh

1 a An oracle concerning b Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh.

2 c The Lord is a jealous and avenging God;
the Lord is avenging and wrathful;
d the Lord takes vengeance on his adversaries
and e keeps wrath for his enemies.
3 f The Lord is slow to anger and g great in power,
and h the Lord will by no means clear the guilty.
i His way is in whirlwind and storm,
and the clouds are the dust of his feet.
4 j He rebukes the sea and makes it dry;
he dries up all the rivers;
k Bashan and l Carmel wither;
the bloom of k Lebanon withers.
5 m The mountains quake before him;
n the hills melt;
the earth heaves before him,
o the world and all who dwell in it.

6 p Who can stand before his indignation?
Who can endure the heat of his anger?
His wrath q is poured out like fire,
and r the rocks are broken into pieces by him.
7 s The Lord is good,
t a stronghold in the day of trouble;
u he knows those who take refuge in him.
8 But v with an overflowing flood
he will make a complete end of the adversaries, 1
and w will pursue his enemies into darkness.
9 What x do you plot against the Lord?
y He will make a complete end;
trouble will not rise up a second time.
10 For they are z like entangled thorns,
like drunkards as they drink;
a they are consumed like stubble fully dried.
11 From you came one
b who plotted evil against the Lord,
a worthless counselor.

12 Thus says the Lord,
"Though they are at full strength and many,
c they will be cut down and pass away.
d Though I have afflicted you,
I will afflict you no more.
13 And now e I will break his yoke from off you
and will burst your bonds apart."

14 The Lord has given commandment about you:
f "No more shall your name be perpetuated;
from g the house of your gods I will cut off
the carved image and the metal image.
h I will make your grave, i for you are vile."

15 2 j Behold, upon the mountains, k the feet of him
who brings good news,
who publishes peace!
l Keep your feasts, O Judah;
m fulfill your vows,
n for never again shall the worthless pass through you;
he is utterly cut off.

  1. Cross References
    Isaiah 13:1
    The oracle concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.
  2. Cross References
    Nahum 2:8
    Nineveh is like a pool whose waters run away. "Halt! Halt!" they cry, but none turns back.
    Nahum 3:7
    And all who look at you will shrink from you and say, Wasted is Nineveh; who will grieve for her? Where shall I seek comforters for you?
    Jonah 1:2
    "Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it, for their evil has come up before me."
  3. Cross References
    Exodus 20:5
    You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me.
  4. Cross References
    Psalms 92:9
    For behold, your enemies, O Lord, for behold, your enemies shall perish; all evildoers shall be scattered.
  5. Cross References
    Psalms 103:9
    He will not always chide, nor will he keep his anger forever.
  6. Cross References
    Exodus 34:6
    The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, "The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.
  7. Cross References
    Job 9:4
    He is wise in heart and mighty in strength - who has hardened himself against him, and succeeded? -
    Psalms 147:5
    Great is our Lord, and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure.
  8. Cross References
    Exodus 34:7
    Keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation.
  9. Cross References
    Psalms 97:2
    Clouds and thick darkness are all around him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.
    Psalms 18:9 - 13
    He bowed the heavens and came down; thick darkness was under his feet.
  10. Cross References
    Psalms 106:9
    He rebuked the Red Sea, and it became dry, and he led them through the deep as through a desert.
    Isaiah 50:2
    Why, when I came, was there no man; why, when I called, was there no one to answer? Is my hand shortened, that it cannot redeem? Or have I no power to deliver? Behold, by my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a desert; their fish stink for lack of water and die of thirst.
  11. Cross References
    Isaiah 33:9
    The land mourns and languishes; Lebanon is confounded and withers away; Sharon is like a desert, and Bashan and Carmel shake off their leaves.
  12. Cross References
    Isaiah 33:9
    The land mourns and languishes; Lebanon is confounded and withers away; Sharon is like a desert, and Bashan and Carmel shake off their leaves.
  13. Cross References
    Joshua 19:26
    Allammelech, Amad, and Mishal. On the west it touches Carmel and Shihor-libnath.
  14. Cross References
    Jeremiah 4:24
    I looked on the mountains, and behold, they were quaking, and all the hills moved to and fro.
    Habakkuk 3:6
    He stood and measured the earth; he looked and shook the nations; then the eternal mountains were scattered; the everlasting hills sank low. His were the everlasting ways.
  15. Cross References
    Amos 9:13
    Behold, the days are coming," declares the Lord, "when the plowman shall overtake the reaper and the treader of grapes him who sows the seed; the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and all the hills shall flow with it.
  16. Cross References
    Psalms 98:7
    Let the sea roar, and all that fills it; the world and those who dwell in it!
  17. Cross References
    Malachi 3:2
    But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner's fire and like fullers' soap.
  18. Cross References
    2 Chronicles 34:21
    "Go, inquire of the Lord for me and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that has been found. For great is the wrath of the Lord that is poured out on us, because our fathers have not kept the word of the Lord, to do according to all that is written in this book."
    Psalms 79:6
    Pour out your anger on the nations that do not know you, and on the kingdoms that do not call upon your name!
  19. Cross References
    Ezekiel 38:20
    The fish of the sea and the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field and all creeping things that creep on the ground, and all the people who are on the face of the earth, shall quake at my presence. And the mountains shall be thrown down, and the cliffs shall fall, and every wall shall tumble to the ground.
  20. Cross References
    Jeremiah 33:11
    The voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voices of those who sing, as they bring thank offerings to the house of the Lord : "'Give thanks to the Lord of hosts, for the Lord is good, for his steadfast love endures forever!' For I will restore the fortunes of the land as at first, says the Lord.
    Psalms 100:5
    For the Lord is good; his steadfast love endures forever, and his faithfulness to all generations.
  21. Cross References
    Psalms 46:1
    God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
    Isaiah 25:4
    For you have been a stronghold to the poor, a stronghold to the needy in his distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat; for the breath of the ruthless is like a storm against a wall.
  22. Cross References
    Psalms 1:6
    For the Lord knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.
    John 10:14
    I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me.
    John 10:27
    My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.
    1 Corinthians 8:3
    But if anyone loves God, he is known by God.
    2 Timothy 2:19
    But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: "The Lord knows those who are his," and, "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity.
  23. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:28
    His breath is like an overflowing stream that reaches up to the neck; to sift the nations with the sieve of destruction, and to place on the jaws of the peoples a bridle that leads astray.
  24. Cross References
    Isaiah 8:22
    And they will look to the earth, but behold, distress and darkness, the gloom of anguish. And they will be thrust into thick darkness.
  25. Cross References
    Isaiah 10:7
    But he does not so intend, and his heart does not so think; but it is in his heart to destroy, and to cut off nations not a few.
  26. Cross References
    Jeremiah 4:27
    For thus says the Lord, "The whole land shall be a desolation; yet I will not make a full end.
  27. Cross References
    Micah 7:4
    The best of them is like a brier, the most upright of them a thorn hedge. The day of your watchmen, of your punishment, has come; now their confusion is at hand.
  28. Cross References
    Joel 2:5
    As with the rumbling of chariots, they leap on the tops of the mountains, like the crackling of a flame of fire devouring the stubble, like a powerful army drawn up for battle.
  29. Cross References
    Nahum 1:9
    What do you plot against the Lord ? He will make a complete end; trouble will not rise up a second time.
    2 Kings 19:22 - 23
    Whom have you mocked and reviled? Against whom have you raised your voice and lifted your eyes to the heights? Against the Holy One of Israel!
  30. Cross References
    Isaiah 10:33 - 34
    Behold, the Lord God of hosts will lop the boughs with terrifying power; the great in height will be hewn down, and the lofty will be brought low.
    Isaiah 37:36
    And the angel of the Lord went out and struck down a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.
  31. Cross References
    Nahum 1:9
    What do you plot against the Lord ? He will make a complete end; trouble will not rise up a second time.
    Isaiah 9:1
    But there will be no gloom for her who was in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he has made glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations.
  32. Cross References
    Isaiah 9:4
    For the yoke of his burden, and the staff for his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, you have broken as on the day of Midian.
    Isaiah 10:27
    And in that day his burden will depart from your shoulder, and his yoke from your neck; and the yoke will be broken because of the fat.
    Isaiah 14:25
    That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and on my mountains trample him underfoot; and his yoke shall depart from them, and his burden from their shoulder.
  33. Cross References
    Psalms 109:13
    May his posterity be cut off; may his name be blotted out in the second generation!
  34. Cross References
    2 Kings 19:37
    And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer, his sons, struck him down with the sword and escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.
  35. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:33
    For a burning place has long been prepared; indeed, for the king it is made ready, its pyre made deep and wide, with fire and wood in abundance; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of sulfur, kindles it.
    Ezekiel 32:21 - 23
    The mighty chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: 'They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
  36. Cross References
    Nahum 3:6
    I will throw filth at you and treat you with contempt and make you a spectacle.
  37. Cross References
    Isaiah 52:7
    How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, "Your God reigns.
  38. Cross References
    Romans 10:15
    And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!
  39. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:29
    You shall have a song as in the night when a holy feast is kept, and gladness of heart, as when one sets out to the sound of the flute to go to the mountain of the Lord, to the Rock of Israel.
  40. Cross References
    Numbers 30:2
    If a man vows a vow to the Lord, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word. He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.
  41. Cross References
    Nahum 1:12
    Thus says the Lord, "Though they are at full strength and many, they will be cut down and pass away. Though I have afflicted you, I will afflict you no more.
    Joel 3:17
    So you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who dwells in Zion, my holy mountain. And Jerusalem shall be holy, and strangers shall never again pass through it.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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