Deuteronomy 18

Provision for Priests and Levites

1 "The Levitical priests, all the tribe of Levi, n shall have no portion or inheritance with Israel. They o shall eat the Lord's food offerings 1 as their 2 inheritance. 2 They shall have no inheritance among their brothers; the Lord is their inheritance, as he promised them. 3 And this shall be the priests' due from the people, from those offering a sacrifice, whether an ox or a sheep: p they shall give to the priest the shoulder and the two cheeks and the stomach. 4 q The firstfruits of your grain, of your wine and of your oil, and the first fleece of your sheep, you shall give him. 5 For the Lord your God has chosen him out of all your tribes r to stand and minister in the name of the Lord, him and his sons for all time.

6 "And if a Levite comes from any of your towns out of all Israel, s where he lives - and he may come when he desires 3 - t to the place that the Lord will choose, 7 and ministers in the name of the Lord his God, u like all his fellow Levites who stand to minister there before the Lord, 8 then he may have equal v portions to eat, besides what he receives from the sale of his patrimony. 4

Abominable Practices

9 "When you come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, w you shall not learn to follow the abominable practices of those nations. 10 There shall not be found among you anyone x who burns his son or his daughter as an offering, 5 anyone who y practices divination or z tells fortunes or interprets omens, or a a sorcerer 11 or a charmer or b a medium or a necromancer or c one who inquires of the dead, 12 d for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord. And e because of these abominations the Lord your God is driving them out before you. 13 You shall be blameless before the Lord your God, 14 for these nations, which you are about to dispossess, listen to fortune-tellers and to diviners. But as for you, the Lord your God has not allowed you to do this.

A New Prophet like Moses

15 f "The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers - it is to him you shall listen - 16 just as you desired of the Lord your God at Horeb g on the day of the assembly, when you said, h 'Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God or see this great fire any more, lest I die.' 17 And the Lord said to me, i 'They are right in what they have spoken. 18 f I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. j And I will put my words in his mouth, and k he shall speak to them all that I command him. 19 l And whoever will m not listen to my words that he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him. 20 n But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or 6 who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.' 21 And if you say in your heart, 'How may we know the word that the Lord has not spoken?' - 22 o when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass or come true, that is a word that the Lord has not spoken; n the prophet has spoken it presumptuously. You need not be afraid of him.

  1. Cross References
    Numbers 18:20
    And the Lord said to Aaron, "You shall have no inheritance in their land, neither shall you have any portion among them. I am your portion and your inheritance among the people of Israel.
  2. Cross References
    Numbers 18:8 - 9
    Then the Lord spoke to Aaron, "Behold, I have given you charge of the contributions made to me, all the consecrated things of the people of Israel. I have given them to you as a portion and to your sons as a perpetual due.
    Joshua 13:14
    To the tribe of Levi alone Moses gave no inheritance. The offerings by fire to the Lord God of Israel are their inheritance, as he said to him.
    1 Samuel 2:28
    Did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? I gave to the house of your father all my offerings by fire from the people of Israel.
    1 Corinthians 9:13
    Do you not know that those who are employed in the temple service get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings?
  3. Cross References
    Leviticus 7:30 - 34
    His own hands shall bring the Lord 's food offerings. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be waved as a wave offering before the Lord.
  4. Cross References
    Numbers 18:12
    All the best of the oil and all the best of the wine and of the grain, the firstfruits of what they give to the Lord, I give to you.
    2 Chronicles 31:5
    As soon as the command was spread abroad, the people of Israel gave in abundance the firstfruits of grain, wine, oil, honey, and of all the produce of the field. And they brought in abundantly the tithe of everything.
  5. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 17:12
    The man who acts presumptuously by not obeying the priest who stands to minister there before the Lord your God, or the judge, that man shall die. So you shall purge the evil from Israel.
  6. Cross References
    Numbers 35:2 - 3
    Command the people of Israel to give to the Levites some of the inheritance of their possession as cities for them to dwell in. And you shall give to the Levites pasturelands around the cities.
    Judges 17:7
    Now there was a young man of Bethlehem in Judah, of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.
    Judges 19:1
    In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite was sojourning in the remote parts of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
  7. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 12:5
    But you shall seek the place that the Lord your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there. There you shall go.
  8. Cross References
    1 Chronicles 23:6
    And David organized them in divisions corresponding to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
    2 Chronicles 31:2
    And Hezekiah appointed the divisions of the priests and of the Levites, division by division, each according to his service, the priests and the Levites, for burnt offerings and peace offerings, to minister in the gates of the camp of the Lord and to give thanks and praise.
  9. Cross References
    2 Chronicles 31:4
    And he commanded the people who lived in Jerusalem to give the portion due to the priests and the Levites, that they might give themselves to the Law of the Lord.
    Nehemiah 12:44
    On that day men were appointed over the storerooms, the contributions, the firstfruits, and the tithes, to gather into them the portions required by the Law for the priests and for the Levites according to the fields of the towns, for Judah rejoiced over the priests and the Levites who ministered.
    Nehemiah 12:47
    And all Israel in the days of Zerubbabel and in the days of Nehemiah gave the daily portions for the singers and the gatekeepers; and they set apart that which was for the Levites; and the Levites set apart that which was for the sons of Aaron.
    Nehemiah 13:10
    I also found out that the portions of the Levites had not been given to them, so that the Levites and the singers, who did the work, had fled each to his field.
  10. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 12:29 - 31
    When the Lord your God cuts off before you the nations whom you go in to dispossess, and you dispossess them and dwell in their land.
    Leviticus 18:26 - 30
    But you shall keep my statutes and my rules and do none of these abominations, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you
  11. Cross References
    Leviticus 18:21
    You shall not give any of your children to offer them to Molech, and so profane the name of your God: I am the Lord.
  12. Cross References
    2 Kings 17:17
    And they burned their sons and their daughters as offerings and used divination and omens and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking him to anger.
  13. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:26
    You shall not eat any flesh with the blood in it. You shall not interpret omens or tell fortunes.
  14. Cross References
    Exodus 22:18
    You shall not permit a sorceress to live.
  15. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:31
    Do not turn to mediums or necromancers; do not seek them out, and so make yourselves unclean by them: I am the Lord your God.
  16. Cross References
    1 Samuel 28:7
    Then Saul said to his servants, "Seek out for me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her." And his servants said to him, "Behold, there is a medium at En-dor.
  17. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 22:5
    A woman shall not wear a man's garment, nor shall a man put on a woman's cloak, for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord your God.
    Deuteronomy 25:16
    For all who do such things, all who act dishonestly, are an abomination to the Lord your God.
  18. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 9:4
    Do not say in your heart, after the Lord your God has thrust them out before you, 'It is because of my righteousness that the Lord has brought me in to possess this land,' whereas it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is driving them out before you.
  19. Cross References
    John 1:21
    And they asked him, "What then? Are you Elijah?" He said, "I am not." "Are you the Prophet?" And he answered, "No.
    John 1:25
    They asked him, "Then why are you baptizing, if you are neither the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?
    John 1:45
    Philip found Nathanael and said to him, "We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.
    Acts 3:22
    Moses said, 'The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers. You shall listen to him in whatever he tells you.
    Acts 7:37
    This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, 'God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers.
  20. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 9:10
    And the Lord gave me the two tablets of stone written with the finger of God, and on them were all the words that the Lord had spoken with you on the mountain out of the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly.
  21. Cross References
    Exodus 20:19
    And said to Moses, "You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.
  22. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 5:28
    And the Lord heard your words, when you spoke to me. And the Lord said to me, 'I have heard the words of this people, which they have spoken to you. They are right in all that they have spoken.
  23. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 18:15
    The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers - it is to him you shall listen -
  24. Cross References
    Jeremiah 1:9
    Then the Lord put out his hand and touched my mouth. And the Lord said to me, "Behold, I have put my words in your mouth.
    Jeremiah 5:14
    Therefore thus says the Lord, the God of hosts: "Because you have spoken this word, behold, I am making my words in your mouth a fire, and this people wood, and the fire shall consume them.
    John 17:8
    For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me.
  25. Cross References
    John 4:25
    The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). When he comes, he will tell us all things.
    John 8:28
    So Jesus said to them, "When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me.
    John 12:49 - 50
    For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment - what to say and what to speak.
  26. Cross References
    Acts 3:23
    And it shall be that every soul who does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people.
  27. Cross References
    Jeremiah 29:19
    Because they did not pay attention to my words, declares the Lord, that I persistently sent to you by my servants the prophets, but you would not listen, declares the Lord.
    Jeremiah 35:13
    Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Go and say to the people of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will you not receive instruction and listen to my words? declares the Lord.
  28. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 13:5
    But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has taught rebellion against the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you out of the house of slavery, to make you leave the way in which the Lord your God commanded you to walk. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.
  29. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 13:1 - 3
    If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder.
    Jeremiah 28:9
    As for the prophet who prophesies peace, when the word of that prophet comes to pass, then it will be known that the Lord has truly sent the prophet.
  30. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 18:20
    But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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