Deuteronomy 25

Miscellaneous Laws

1 "If there is a a dispute between men and they come into court and the judges decide between them, b acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty, 2 then if the guilty man deserves to be beaten, the judge shall cause him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with a number of stripes in proportion to his offense. 3 c Forty stripes may be given him, but not more, lest, if one should go on to beat him with more stripes than these, your brother be degraded in your sight.

4 d "You shall not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.

Laws Concerning Levirate Marriage

5 e "If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the dead man shall not be married outside the family to a stranger. Her f husband's brother shall go in to her and take her as his wife and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her. 6 And the first son whom she bears shall succeed to the name of his dead brother, that g his name may not be blotted out of Israel. 7 And if the man does not wish to take his brother's wife, then his brother's wife shall h go up to the gate to the elders and say, 'My husband's brother refuses to perpetuate his brother's name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother to me.' 8 Then the elders of his city shall call him and speak to him, and if he persists, saying, i 'I do not wish to take her,' 9 then his brother's wife shall go up to him in the presence of the elders and j pull his sandal off his foot and k spit in his face. And she shall answer and say, 'So shall it be done to the man who does not l build up his brother's house.' 10 And the name of his house 1 shall be called in Israel, 'The house of him who had his sandal pulled off.'

Miscellaneous Laws

11 "When men fight with one another and the wife of the one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of him who is beating him and puts out her hand and seizes him by the private parts, 12 then you shall cut off her hand. m Your eye shall have no pity.

13 "You n shall not have in your bag two kinds of weights, a large and a small. 14 You shall not have in your house two kinds of measures, a large and a small. 15 A full and fair 2 weight you shall have, a full and fair measure you shall have, o that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 16 For p all who do such things, all who act dishonestly, q are an abomination to the Lord your God.

17 r "Remember what Amalek did to you s on the way as you came out of Egypt, 18 how he attacked you on the way when you were faint and weary, and t cut off your tail, those who were lagging behind you, and he did not fear God. 19 Therefore u when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies around you, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance to possess, you shall v blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you shall not forget.

  1. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 19:17
    Then both parties to the dispute shall appear before the Lord, before the priests and the judges who are in office in those days.
  2. Cross References
    1 Kings 8:32
    Then hear in heaven and act and judge your servants, condemning the guilty by bringing his conduct on his own head, and vindicating the righteous by rewarding him according to his righteousness.
    Proverbs 17:15
    He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the Lord.
  3. Cross References
    2 Corinthians 11:24
    Five times I received at the hands of the Jews the forty lashes less one.
  4. Cross References
    1 Corinthians 9:9
    For it is written in the Law of Moses, "You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain." Is it for oxen that God is concerned?
    1 Timothy 5:18
    For the Scripture says, "You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain," and, "The laborer deserves his wages.
  5. Cross References
    Matthew 22:24
    Saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up children for his brother.
    Mark 12:19
    Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, the man must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.
    Luke 20:28
    And they asked him a question, saying, "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.
  6. Cross References
    Genesis 38:8 - 9
    Then Judah said to Onan, "Go in to your brother's wife and perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother.
    Ruth 1:12 - 13
    Turn back, my daughters; go your way, for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, even if I should have a husband this night and should bear sons.
    Ruth 3:9
    He said, "Who are you?" And she answered, "I am Ruth, your servant. Spread your wings over your servant, for you are a redeemer.
  7. Cross References
    Ruth 4:10
    Also Ruth the Moabite, the widow of Mahlon, I have bought to be my wife, to perpetuate the name of the dead in his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his native place. You are witnesses this day.
  8. Cross References
    Ruth 4:1 - 2
    Now Boaz had gone up to the gate and sat down there. And behold, the redeemer, of whom Boaz had spoken, came by. So Boaz said, "Turn aside, friend; sit down here." And he turned aside and sat down.
  9. Cross References
    Ruth 4:6
    Then the redeemer said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I impair my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption yourself, for I cannot redeem it.
  10. Cross References
    Ruth 4:7
    Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging: to confirm a transaction, the one drew off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was the manner of attesting in Israel.
  11. Cross References
    Numbers 12:14
    But the Lord said to Moses, "If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be shamed seven days? Let her be shut outside the camp seven days, and after that she may be brought in again.
    Job 30:10
    They abhor me; they keep aloof from me; they do not hesitate to spit at the sight of me.
    Isaiah 50:6
    I gave my back to those who strike, and my cheeks to those who pull out the beard; I hid not my face from disgrace and spitting.
  12. Cross References
    Ruth 4:11
    Then all the people who were at the gate and the elders said, "We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you act worthily in Ephrathah and be renowned in Bethlehem.
  13. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 7:16
    And you shall consume all the peoples that the Lord your God will give over to you. Your eye shall not pity them, neither shall you serve their gods, for that would be a snare to you.
  14. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:35 - 36
    You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measures of length or weight or quantity.
    Proverbs 16:11
    A just balance and scales are the Lord 's; all the weights in the bag are his work.
    Ezekiel 45:10
    You shall have just balances, a just ephah, and a just bath.
    Amos 8:5
    Saying, "When will the new moon be over, that we may sell grain? And the Sabbath, that we may offer wheat for sale, that we may make the ephah small and the shekel great and deal deceitfully with false balances.
    Micah 6:11
    Shall I acquit the man with wicked scales and with a bag of deceitful weights?
  15. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 4:40
    Therefore you shall keep his statutes and his commandments, which I command you today, that it may go well with you and with your children after you, and that you may prolong your days in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for all time.
  16. Cross References
    Proverbs 11:1
    A false balance is an abomination to the Lord, but a just weight is his delight.
  17. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 18:12
    For whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord. And because of these abominations the Lord your God is driving them out before you.
    Deuteronomy 22:5
    A woman shall not wear a man's garment, nor shall a man put on a woman's cloak, for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord your God.
  18. Cross References
    Exodus 17:8
    Then Amalek came and fought with Israel at Rephidim.
  19. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 24:9
    Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam on the way as you came out of Egypt.
  20. Cross References
    Joshua 10:19
    But do not stay there yourselves. Pursue your enemies; attack their rear guard. Do not let them enter their cities, for the Lord your God has given them into your hand.
  21. Cross References
    1 Samuel 15:2 - 3
    Thus says the Lord of hosts, 'I have noted what Amalek did to Israel in opposing them on the way when they came up out of Egypt.
  22. Cross References
    Exodus 17:8 - 14
    Then Amalek came and fought with Israel at Rephidim.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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