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Even the official teaching gets this wrong. The bible is quite clear that you “give” an eye for an eye, not have it taken from you. So if there is an accident and someone loses their sight you become their eyes. This could be walking them around or providing a career or guide dog for them. If they have lost a limb or limbs then you provide whatever they need to get around. This teaching does not talk about blame, so it can be for any accident, fault or no fault.
This admonition can also simply mean, "the punishment should fit the crime." In historical context, punishment could be extended to harsher than the original offense by familial revenge, leading to a "cycle of violence." The Old Testament here meant to be more just, that punishments should not be excessive given the nature of the original offense. Though not the same, "Hammurabi's Code" from the "Old Babylonian" civilization's King attempted something similar.
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