Rev 20:11-12, II Cor 5:10
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The judgement seat of Christ is where He will judge us Christians who are in heaven on our works that we did on earth, and we will receive rewards for what we did while on earth. The great white throne judgement is where God will judge the unbelievers who were not written in the book of life before they get thrown into the " lake of fire or hell".
You are kind of comparing apples and oranges here. Jesus judgment seat is the great white throne, but it is a seat he sits on any time he judges something. In John 5:22 Jesus tells us that all judgment in the earth has been entrusted to him. This is all things great and small, and such judgments occur every day. Every time you pray you come before the throne of God which is the great white throne on which Jesus sits to judge the world. The great white throne judgment described in Revelation 20 is a specific time of judgment which occurs when all those in their graves are resurrected, In this chapter we see two resurrections, the resurrection of the elect who rule with Jesus during the 1000 years and a resurrection at the end of the 1000 years for all those who remained in the grave. It is interesting to note that even after they come to life to be judged they are still referred to as "the dead" even though they are now apparently alive and standing before the throne. There is a difference between spiritual death (the second death) which occurs at repentance/conversion/baptism, and according to the apostle Paul should be happening daily (1 Corinthians 15:21), and the first death which is a physical death. The reason the second death, which is the lake of fire (Revelation 20:14) does not have any power (Greek: exsousia -- authority) over those raised in the first resurrection is because they experienced the second death in this life and overcame. Jesus tells his disciples that those who have overcome will sit in judgment with him on that day (Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30). These are the thrones referred to in Revelation 20:4, and these are the people given authority to judge. So it would appear that while Jesus told the twelve there would be twelve thrones and they would be the ones sitting on them, it is not to be a literal twelve thrones and only the twelve disciples sitting on them because there will be many more than those twelve who "had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands," (Revelation 12:4).
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