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Benjamin was the second son of Rachel (Gen. 35:16-20). Benjamin was the only full brother of Joseph, being the last child born to Rachel and Jacob (Gen. 35:18-19,24; 46:19). This tribe was almost exterminated in the war over sodomites (Judg. 19-21). From Benjamin came Saul, the first of Israel's line of kings (1Sam. 9:1,17; 10:20-21), as well as Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles (Rom. 11:1; Php. 3:5). Soldiers of Benjamin were well known for archery and the use of the sling (Judg. 3:15; 20:16; 1Chr. 8:40; 12:2). "Benjamin" a Hebrew name, that means "the son of my right hand". Three blessings of Benjamin in Deut 33:12 as follows: 1. The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by him--referring to the temple location in Benjamin.Mount Zion belonged to Judah, and Mount Moriah where the temple was located belonged to Benjamin. 2. The Lord shall cover him--be his protector. 3. He shall dwell between His shoulders (that is, be supported by God as a son is carried by his father) Benjamin was 30 years old when he went to Egypt with ten sons. See Gen. 43:8. Benjamin was at least thirty years old (Gen. 37:2-3). He had ten sons (Gen. 46:21), proving further that Jacob’s sons married at fifteen to twenty years of age. Giving Benjamin a meal five times bigger than the others, to see if they would hate and be jealous of another of Rachel’s children (Gen. 43:34) The sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. These ten sons show Benjamin wasn’t a mere boy though he is called a "lad" and "little one" (Gen. 43:8; 44:20,22,30-34). He was about thirty. To have ten sons he must have married early, perhaps between the age of fifteen and twenty. Benjamin was not chosen by God to be the ruling tribe through whom the Messiah was to come. This right belonged to Judah (Gen. 49:10; Mt. 1:1-17; Heb. 7:14; Rev. 5:5). Saul's lineage could not have fulfilled the Scripture in this respect, so a change to the tribe of Judah would be necessary eventually. Saul's sin no doubt brought this change about more rapidly; if he had stayed true it might not have come in his day. Jacob's prophetic Details of the Benjamin tribe: Benjamin shall be a war-like and plundering tribe like the wolf (Gen. 49:27). As a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil picturing the characteristics of the Benjamites who were distinguished for courage, cunning, and fierce determination. Their position among the tribes afforded them full opportunity to display their war-like traits. The prophecy in Genesis 49:3-27 unfulfilled with the exception of some details which have been and are now being fulfilled. Judges 21:5 says, "Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation unto the LORD?" Two rash vows of Israel: 1. That no man in Israel would let his daughter marry a Benjamite (Judg. 21:1,7) 2. To kill anyone in all the tribes who refused to gather with Israel (Judg. 21:5) He shall surely be put to death-- Perhaps this was why they determined to kill everyone in the tribe of Benjamin (Judg. 20:48). Judges 21:9 says,"The people were numbered, and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead there" The people were numbered to see if any parts of Israel were not represented. They had vowed that whoever would not come should be put to death (Judg. 21:5). This would pass the death sentence on both Benjamin and the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead (Judg. 21:8-9; 20:13). They decided to kill the men and women of Jabesh-gilead, saving only the virgins as wives for the remnant of Benjamin (Judg. 21:10-12). There was no excuse for this any more than for sparing the Benjamites, for their vow would be broken either way.
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