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The chief or head cornerstone of the foundation is The Lord Jesus Christ. Thereafter, the doctrine (teaching) of the apostles and prophets. This completes the foundation. Isaiah 28:6 "Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste." 1 Corinthians 3:10 "According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon." 1Cr 3:11 "For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ." Ephesians 2:20 "And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;" Ephesians 2:21 "In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:" 1 Peter 2:2 "As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:" 1 Peter 2:3 "If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious." 1 Peter 2:4 "To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious," 1Peter 2:5 "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ." 1 Peter 2:6 "Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded."
Great question, very fundamental to the way you practice as a Christian. Some people think it is Saint Peter an angry man that denied Jesus 3 times, some say it is Jesus Christ Himself but I and those that I am associated with believe it is revelation. I'll explain but I'll keep it short. The apostles were explaining to Jesus what the average Joe on the street, was saying about him, the apostles said "some say you are Elijah and some say you are John the Baptist come back from the grave" etc. Then Jesus asked them "But who do you say I am?" and Peter replied, "You are the Christ the Son of God", then Jesus replied, "Bless you Simon bar Jonah (son of Jonah) for flesh and blood has not REVEALED this to you but my Father in Heaven hath REVEALED it, and upon this rock (the rock of revelation) I shall build my church". So I and my brothers and sisters, believe Jesus was pointing out to Simon Peter that he understood that Jesus was the Christ because of Revelation given to him by God the father, therefore we say Jesus built his church on the revelation of himself as God. In the beginning was the WORD and the WORD was with God and the Word WAS God (and later) and the WORD was made flesh and dwelt among us. Only revelation by God can help us to see that he is one God, God the Father God the Son and God the Holy Spirit, Jehovah of the Old Testament is Lord Jesus Christ of the New Testament, the same yesterday, today and forever. Amen and God bless you, I hope this helps.
There is no Church if it were not for Jesus Christ. Jesus is the foundation of the Church of God (1Cor 3:11). This very fact is affirmed by Jesus Himself. For when Jesus asked what the Disciples had thought of Him, Peter replied; "...you are the Son of the living God". Jesus told Peter it was not of his (Peter's) own that he had had such a revelation. Jesus went on to say; "...and on this rock I will build my Church and the gates of hell will not prevail against it" (Mat 16:17-18). Scripture goes on to refer to Jesus as the cornerstone (Psalms 118:22), (Mat 21:42), (Acts 4:11). That is; the type of stone upon which the strength of a building is determined. Without Jesus then, the Church is not. However, much as one may understand Jesus in that perspective, it is pretty important that it is equally crucial to put into perspective how He became the indisputable foundation of the Church. That is; how Jesus did it is indisputably important. Why so? Jesus said; all who had come before Him were thieves and robbers (John 10:8). Why so? No one of them would go to the heights Jesus went. For we know that Jesus died not that He had been supposed to, but that He did die for the sin of the world. In that then, we ought to understand how Jesus made this so and this would involve the following; the person of Jesus Christ, His blood, and the Cross. But in that also, we can't underestimate what makes the meaning of what He did. That is; if Jesus had simply come, shed His blood and went to the cross but without giving in His life, or giving in His life but didn't resurrect, He would have been held as one of the great men of the world but who would be no exceptional to the dictates of nature. Why should Jesus' death be that important? Jesus ought to have died if He were to set the world free of sin. Why so? What tells sin is; its outcome. The outcome of sin is death (Rom 6:23), (1Peter 3:18). On that therefore, if Jesus had carried the sin of the world, to make exact meaning of it, He had had to die. That is; if Jesus had not died, sin would have remained even when repented of. Why it is a must that Jesus had to rise from the dead. Jesus ought to have risen if to give hope that there is life after physical death. For all through, Jesus assured His listeners that whoever believed in Him, even though he were dead, the fact that he had believed in Him, he would live again (John 12:23-25), (John 11:25), (John 5:24), (1Cor 15:51-57). Jesus had to be the first to demonstrate this Himself. Upon this, the Church finds it possible to draw many to Jesus because of hope after death. The Thessalonian Church increased on this fact. For death, much more so the fact that it is eternal if not for Christ, is the worst monster which faces every human ever (Genesis 3:17-19). But now that Christ has risen, there is hope of life after death. And to those who are of Christ, the power of death is no more (1Cor 15:51-57). The person of Jesus Jesus is the indisputable Son of God (Mat 3:17, 17:5), (Mark 1:11), (John 14:13). Jesus is gazetted by God the Father to save the world of sin (Luke 2:11), (1Tim 1:15), (Luke 19:9-10). To this, Jesus never succumbed to the dictates of this world as we all do (John 8:46). No one came out to accuse Jesus of sin, not even at the conviction for Crucifixion. This makes the Church is real. The Blood Just as it had been in the Old Testament (OT), so it was that Jesus had to shed His blood to wash away the sin of the world (John 19:33-34), (Hebrews 9:12-14, 10:3-14). Without the pouring of Jesus' blood, sin would have remained. But with the blood of Jesus, sin is not only forgiven, but equally washed away by the same blood. The Cross The cross is indispensable for sin to be forgiven. For Jesus carried the sin of the world. That He was crucified signifies sin was pinned on the cross and made to be no more. The cross is a point of exchange; sin for Christ's righteousness (Romans 13:14). On the above, the Church of God is founded.
The Church is a name for all those who are Christian. As opposed to those who hold other faiths or no faith as they see it. The essence of being a Christian is to do as Jesus suggested in the story of the Good Samaritan, to love your neighbor as yourself. From what I have read about most religions (not faiths) is that hate is at the center, hate for those with different faiths, as with Jihadists.
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