Is Jesus referring to a spiritual death or physical death? Or when he states "the Kingdom of God" is that referring to his death on the cross, not the 2nd coming?
NLT - 1 Jesus went on to say, “I tell you the truth, some standing here right now will not die before they see the Kingdom of God arrive in great power!”
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Christ was talking about physical death. I believe we need to back up to Mark 8:34 to get a clearer understanding. "And when he had called the people unto him with his disciples also, he said unto them, Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me." This sets the stage as to who was present, "people and his disciples". A mixture of non-believers, believers and probably some that would eventually believe. Believers are alive and cannot die spiritually. Nonbelievers are already spiritually dead. (Ephesians 2:1-10) We know James, Peter and John were believers in Messiah and after Christ's resurrection in John 20:22 it states:"And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:" Ephesians 4:30 "And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption." 2 Corinthians 1:22 "Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts." Ephesians 1:13-14 "In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory." The three disciples were eyewitness to the transfiguration. They were eyewitness of Christ's resurrection. They experienced the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit (and outpouring at Pentecost). Some experienced the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD prophesied by Christ in Matthew 24:2 "And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? Verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down." They saw quite a bit of our omnipotent God's power in their lifetime. All (everything) is certainly within His Kingdom.
Praise Jesus Christ. The answer for Mark 9:1 is that it denotes the Kingdom of God as the day when the Holy Spirit was poured upon the earth on the day of Pentecost this day could be called as the day when the kingdom of God came down because in Mathew 12:28 Matthew 12:28 KJV  But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you. By the spirit of God then the king Dom of God is come unto you. So here Jesus says the working of the Holy Spirit as kingdom if God coming unto his disciples which means that we could say that on The day of Pentecost the kingdom if God has come unto us. And also in Acts 1:3 after his resurrection he told them the things of the kingdom of God after this they tarried in Jerusalem and on the 50th day after Christ's crucifixion they the 12 disciples along with 120 members saw the kingdom of God coming down. Among these 120 members some were present when Jesus uttered these words in Mark 9:1 and Luke9:27 Amen
When Jesus said some would not die without seeing the Kingdom, he was referring to (1) Peter, James, and John, who would witness the Transfiguration eight days later, or in a broader sense, (2) all who take part in the spread of the church after Pentecost. Jesus' listeners were not going to have to wait for another future Messiah, the Kingdom was among them, and it would soon (after the resurrection,at Pentecost) come in power (through the work of the Holy Spirit).
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