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The 144,000 who were sealed in Rev 7:4-8 and the 144,000 in Rev 14:1 are the same group of people. They are 12,000 Jews from the 12 tribes of Israel. They are sealed so that they cannot be killed by the anti-Christ. Since the church has already been raptured, these Jews become the voice of God to the nations for the Tribulation, just like they were the voice to the nations in the Old Testament (i.e. light to the Gentiles Isaiah 42:6, 49:6). Just as God reserved 7,000 men to Himself in Elijah's day, so He is going to reserve 144,000 Jews to Himself in the first 3 1/2 years of Daniel's 70th week. (Rev. 7:1- 8). The 144,000 are from 12 of the 13 tribes of Israel, not Gentiles. They are not a part of the church, for the church is raptured before this (Rev. 4:1). Nor could they be Jews before the rapture or in any other period outside of the first half of the last 7 years of this age. Why Dan and Ephraim Not Sealed? The names of Dan and Ephraim are not mentioned here; Levi and Joseph take their places. To explain the omission of Dan, many use Dt. 29:18- 21, but which one of the tribes did not go into idolatry? The real reason for none of Dan being sealed here is that none are servants of God at that time (Rev. 7:3). Dan will be restored with the other tribes in the Millennium, so the idolatry of Dan is no reason for the tribe being left out here (Ezek. 48:30- 35 Rev. 21:12). This tribe 'Levi' is not ordinarily listed with the 12 tribes of Israel, being the ministers of the nation; but in this case Dan is left out because none of that tribe have yet turned to God in the revival saving the 144,000 Jews (Rev. 7:3). Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand. The fact that 12,000 out of 12 of the 13 tribes of Israel are mentioned as being saved and as being servants of God during these first 3 1/2 years of Daniel's 70th week proves the following: 1) They are all Jews and not Gentiles. 2) The time of the fulfillment is equally proof that they are all alive at the same time, 3) Being saved in a short while after the rapture of the church in Rev. 4:1 (Rev. 7:1- 8 14:1- 5). 4) They are protected through the trumpet judgments (Rev. 7:2- 3 9:4), 5) They will be translated as the man-child of Rev. 12:5, 6) After which they are seen in heaven-- in Rev. 14:1- 5, which shows that the 144,000 have been translated and reveals what they are doing in heaven. (Rev. 12:5 14:1-5).
The 144,000 are mentioned in the following scriptures: (1) Rev 7:3, 4 (2) Rev 14:1 (3) Rev 14:3. Now let us see how the scriptures described them: - servants of our God, - sealed on their foreheads, (sealed by God’s Holy Spirit, Eph 1:13; 4:30; 2 COR 1:22) - sealed out of the tribes of the children of Israel, (obviously NOT literal but Spiritual Israel- The Israel of God (ROM 2:29; 9:6; Gal 6:16) -were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held (Rev 6:9-11). In Rev 12:17, we read : “And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ”. Thus, we are made to understand that the 144000 have some bearing with the Seed of the Woman of Gen 3:15 and under whose feet the head of Satan will be bruised. Students of the Bible will appreciate that the bruising of the head of the Serpent will be effected by Jesus, the Primary Seed of the Woman, who is also the Primary Seed of Abraham. The 144,000 therefore must constitute a Secondary part of the Seed of the Woman and the Seed of Abraham! Just as the principal Seed, Jesus is the spirit begotten Son of God, the Secondary part of the Seed- the 144000- must also be sons, or children of God. According to John 1:11-13, believing fleshly Israelites were given the first opportunity to become sons of God. “He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. Apostle Paul explained that the opportunity to become part of spiritual Israel, or sons of God, that is, part of the Secondary Seed of the Woman and of Abraham, and therefore part of the 144,000 was also later extended to people of the nations, that those not from Abraham’s fleshly children. See below: “Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ” (Gal 3:16). “For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise” (Gal 3:26-29). In view of the above, the following scriptures apply to the 144,000: “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God...we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.” (ROM 8:12-17). The 144,000 therefore must be spirit-anointed followers of Jesus Christ. Further study of the scriptures will reveal that the 12 apostles of Jesus were the first or foundation members of the 144,000. And the 144,000 constitutes the “chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for special possession, that you should declare abroad the excellencies” of the One who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. (1 Peter 2:9,10). The 144,000 are the bride of Christ, the chaste virgin that Paul said he promised in marriage to Christ, 2 COR 11:2. They are thus separate from the false religions of the world. They are in the forefront of pure worship of the only true God. The 144000 are to stand on heavenly Mount Zion with the Lamb. They along with Jesus will be the agency that God will use to bless all the people of the nations and reverse the curse that Adam brought to mankind. They will be kings and priests along with Jesus, Rev 1:5,6, and rule with Jesus for the 1000 years, Rev 20:4-6.
The 144,000 are born again Jews that are saved during the tribulation in Israel during or after the time of the last 2 witnesses to Israel that Jesus Christ was their Messiah by Enoch and Elijah. Enoch and Elijah have not died a earthly death and they have been spending time in heaven, waiting for their appointed time to witness one more time and be martyred in Israel. They will be killed, and after 3 days of death be raised from the dead. They will preach salvation to the Jews by way Jesus Christ, the good news of salvation and perform signs, miracles and wonders. The Jews will be furious and even celebrate their deaths. Their ministry will be the most powerful witness to the Jewish nation since Christ Jesus himself. For God the Father desires his chosen people to come to him by repentance through Jesus Christ always. Selah! Ps. Moses is not one of these two witnesses because he died an earthly death. Enoch and Elijah have not died a earthly death. It is appointed unto man to die an earthly death.
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