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Canonization was used to determine the criteria of which books should be included in the Holy Bible, and that only criteria would be 'books that are divinely inspired'. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.” (NKJ: II Timothy 3:16). Canons were not created, but were widely accepted by councils (such as the Councils of Carthage, 397 & 419 AD). The books would also need to receive general consensus of the Early Church that it was of divine inspiration. Another criterion which I have learnt would be if the book went against previous Scriptures; certain books such as the Gospel of Thomas, Shepherd of Hermas,etc, may not have been genuine, the authors did not have validation from the Apostles and the Early Church, or the contents of the books mentioned went away from the original meaning of God's divine intention. Therefore the books were not included into the Holy Bible. Lastly, the author of the book should be from a recognised prophet or the apostles or people associated with them, Sripturally. This makes the third criterion of the whole criteria. In conclusion, it took years of reflection for the Bible to be compiled to this day by older theologists and The Church Fathers, thanks to God, who IS the Author of the Scriptures, for this Word which He made accessible to us all. Peace.
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