ESV - 6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.
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It is true that "expanse" in this context means a "space" or type of arc in the sky. One definition of "firmament" is: the heavens or the sky, esp. When regarded as a tangible thing. synonyms: the sky, heaven. Something important to note about this passage is that it was at this time that God created a separation between the waters that would eventually cover the surface of the earth (the dry land was still not created at this point) and the waters in the heavens. God was setting in motion the water cycle, which is inextricably tied to life on earth. Like parents expecting the arrival of a child, this was part of the process of God preparing Earth for His children; He intentionally and meticulously prepared every bio system and created them so that they would work together to sustain human life and the life systems that they would need for survival, procreation, and to fulfill their heavenly calling of tending to His creation, bringing God glory.
Taking into account the former, 1:5 "there was evening and there was morning" and the latter 1:8 "God called the expanse heaven" Job defined "expanse" as a circle on the surface of the waters, At the boundary of light and darkness. Or from the People's Study Bible "the boundary for the ocean and a boundary for the day and night"
Dear Friend, The King James uses the word "firmament" in the midst of the waters..." I use the King James Version Bible to do "word searches" using a Strong's Concordance, Hebrew (Old Testament) and Greek (New Testament). This word expanse can also mean "to hammer, or to pound, stretch. See H7554. The word "firmament" is the Hebrew word H7549 râqı̂ya‛ raw-kee'-ah From H7554; properly an expanse, that is, the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky: - firmament. Hope that helps. Tender blessings,
The "firmament" is a reference to the cosmos. If you look at the following verses: Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; (Genesis 1:14 NKJV) The stars, sun and moon are placed IN the firmament of the heavens, not beyond it or outside it, but within it. Also if we take the word "Heaven" it is the Hebrew Shamayim. It's a composite word, literally meaning "There, are waters" there is an intricate connection between Heaven and water. It is a place where waters exist. We learn that this expanse separates the Waters Above from the Waters Beneath. The waters beneath are earth, the waters above are the boundary between the Third Heaven and the universe. Praise the Lord! Praise the Lord from the heavens; Praise Him in the heights! Praise Him, all His angels; Praise Him, all His hosts! Praise Him, sun and moon; Praise Him, all you stars of light! Praise Him, you heavens of heavens, And you waters above the heavens! (Psalms 148:1-4 NKJV) Bless the Lord, O my soul! O Lord my God, You are very great: You are clothed with honor and majesty, Who cover Yourself with light as with a garment, Who stretch out the heavens like a curtain. He lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters, Who makes the clouds His chariot, Who walks on the wings of the wind, Who makes His angels spirits, His ministers a flame of fire. You who laid the foundations of the earth, So that it should not be moved forever, You covered it with the deep as with a garment; The waters stood above the mountains. At Your rebuke they fled; At the voice of Your thunder they hastened away. They went up over the mountains; They went down into the valleys, To the place which You founded for them. (Psalms 104:1-8 NKJV) So there are waters above the heavens and God lays the beams of His upper chambers within these waters.
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