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2:2 the propitiation for our sins Refers to Jesus’ sacrificial death for the sins of humanity (compare Rom 3:25; Heb 9:5). Propitiation has to do with the object of the expiation. -- expiation. The prefix ex means “out of” or “from,” so expiation has to do with removing something or taking something away. In Biblical terms, it has to do with taking away guilt through the payment of a penalty or the offering of atonement. The prefix pro means “for,” so propitiation brings about a change in God’s attitude so that He moves from being at enmity with us to being for us. Through the process of propitiation, we are restored into fellowship and favor with Him. My seminary professor, Dr. Charles Ryrie, author of the Ryrie Study Bible, says concerning propitiation: "The Death of Christ accomplished Propitiation. The Need for it-- the wrath of God (Rom. 1:18). The meaning of it: God is satisfied with the death of Christ for sin. Scripture: 1 John 2:2. See also R.C. Sproul’s wonderful article, What Do Expiation and Propitiation Mean? FROM R.C. SPROUL APR 17, 2019 https://www.ligonier.org/blog/two-important-words-good-friday-expiation-and-propitiation/
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