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Pentecost is significant in both the Old and New Testaments. "Pentecost" is actually the Greek name for a festival known in the Old Testament as the Feast of Weeks (Leviticus 23:15; Deuteronomy 16:...
Pentecost is known as Shavuot (one of the feast days of the Lord) in the Hebrew. It was on this day that Moses brought down the tablets from the Mt. Sinai and witnessed the worship of the Golden Calf. (Exodus 32) Moses became angry and broke the tablets. In justice, the Leviites arose and killed 3000 for the idolatry and blasphemy. That's what happened on the first Pentecost. On the Pentecost in Acts, the power of the Holy Spirit fell upon believers and there were tongues of fire. There were 3000 saved that day. The promise of the Holy Spirit was given at Pentecost.
In the Acts of the Apostles the writer, Luke, is addressing Jews and Jewish proselytes, not Gentiles. Those Jews who had returned to Jerusalem constituted 18 language groups. The Jews who emigrated from Israel had learned other languages. Read Acts 2, 1 through 42. Answer the questions WHO WHAT WHEN WHERE HOW. They ALL point to a Jewish audience. The Holy Spirit fell upon those who spoke the various languages (or the hearers heard in their own language) explaining the arrival of the Jewish Messiah, Jesus. The hearers were not believers in Jesus as Savior and Lord. They were still operating under the Hebrew Bible. They did not become Christian believers. They acknowledged Jesus as the promised Messiah of God's Chosen People, the Jews. Peter tells them to "repent," meaning "return to your Covenants," and then be ritually bathed, in accordance with Judaism. Those who did so were redeemed and secured and prepared for the Kingdom of God on earth, a preparation that was postponed when the Jewish hierarchy in the Hebrew Nation, and not a few other Jews, rejected Jesus as the Messiah. However, those who had acknowledged Him as such, when they died, would remain in the grave until the arrival of the Kingdom of God on earth, AFTER the Tribulation, AFTER the 2nd Coming, AFTER Armageddon. Then they will be resurrected and will enter into their promised Kingdom on earth. And so shall they remain for 1,000 years, after which there will be a NEW Heaven and a new earth. The Christian church, the Body of Christ, will have departed for the Judgment Seat of Christ and Heaven, either at the death of each individual, or in the Rapture. They will be "long gone" prior to the onset of the Tribulation. It isn't until Acts 10 that Peter learns that the Gentiles are also included in God's family. In Acts 13 Paul brings the message of salvation by grace through faith to the Jews. They reject Paul and his teaching. He then takes God's Amazing Grace to the Gentiles.
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