Genesis 22:1 - 24
ESV - 1 After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I. 2 He said, "Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.
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As I know, God told Abraham to kill his son, Issac in favor of him. (Genesis 22) Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied. 2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.” Mind the word SACRIFICE. So he has the idea that he will kill him in the favor of God. He knows that he will get a reward. On the other hand, God planned to finish Sodom and Gomorrah because of their disgusting behaviors. Genesis 18:23 -25: "Then Abraham approached him and said: ‘Will you sweep away the righteous with the wicked? 24 What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep it away and not spare[c] the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people in it? 25 Far be it from you to do such a thing—to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteous and the wicked alike. Far be it from you! Will not the Judge of all the earth do right?’” He said this because it was the living place of Lot. And since Lot was a relative, he had felt sorry for him. He bargained for Sodom and Gomorrah because of this in my point of view. And another one, God has a reason for everything. He wanted to teach us and other people about obeying God with no hesitation. And that is, as i think, and as I have been taught the reason for Abraham not hesitating to kill his one and only son.
I believe the two situations are entirely different, in that God had pronounced judgment on Sodom and Gomorrah for their wickedness. I believe that Abraham interceded on behalf of Lot and his family because they had settled in that land. God answered Abraham's prayer by saving Lot and his family from being destroyed with the wicked. Unfortunately, only Lot and his two daughters escaped the wrath of God! We know that Lot's wife turned into a pillar of salt because she looked back at the cities, on which they were commanded not to look back. As it pertains to Abraham offering up Isaac as a burnt offering, it was a test of his faith and obedience to the commandment of the LORD. There is no revelation in the Genesis account about whether or not Abraham made intercession on behalf of his son. We see a man who was being tested, and how he was willing to sacrifice the son of promise. This was a foreshadow of the sacrifice that God the Father would make, by offering up His only begotten Son, Jesus Christ! John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but shall have eternal life." In Genesis chapter 22, we see how Abraham and Isaac arrived at Mount Moriah on the third day of their journey to the mountain that the Lord had chosen, which was a type of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus was raised on the third day after his crucifixion. As Abraham was about to kill Isaac, the Lord spoke to Abraham and told him not to lay a hand on Isaac because the Lord had provided a ram, which was the substitute offering in place of his son. The Lord commended him for his reverence and willingness to keep his commandment. In Hebrews the eleventh chapter, it speaks of Abraham receiving Isaac back from the dead as a type of the resurrection of God's Son!
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