Mark 3:13 - 21
ESV - 13 And he went up on the mountain and called to him those whom he desired, and they came to him. 14 And he appointed twelve (whom he also named apostles) so that they might be with him and he might send them out to preach
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"Boanerges" is the Greek rendering of an Aramaic term that is anglicized as "bene-reghesh", meaning "sons of thunder". This was a term that Jesus applied to the apostles James the Greater and John, who were brothers, and whose father was named Zebedee (as recorded in Mark 1:19). The term referred to the brothers' sharing of a quick temper that was easily roused to an extreme, as when James and John asked Jesus whether they should call down fire from heaven to destroy a Samaritan village that had refused entry to Jesus and the apostles, because Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem in Judea, with which the Samaritans were at enmity (Luke 9:52-54). (Jesus rebuked James and John for this (Luke 9:55).) (Another account that I have read in the book The Day Christ Died by the author Jim Bishop (although it is not specifically recorded in Scripture) indicates that the name "Sons of Thunder" may also have referred to James' and John's inheritance of their temper from their father Zebedee, who supposedly reacted in great anger when James and John walked away from the work as fishermen that the three of them shared, in response to Jesus' call to James and John to follow Him (Matthew 4:21-22; Mark 1:19-20).).
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