ESV - 5 And on that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.
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The bow was used in biblical times as a weapon of war to shoot arrows at an enemy. By saying that He would break Israel's bow, God was indicating His intent to destroy the military power of the northern kingdom of Israel in a battle at the Valley of Jezreel (located between Galilee and Samaria). God was bringing about this destruction as a punishment of the Israelite king Jehu for his continued toleration of idol worship after overthrowing the evil king Ahab and his pagan wife Jezebel.
Great question, William! Wiersbe says, "Gomer’s three children were given meaningful names selected by the Lord. The first child, a son, was called Jezreel (Hos. 1:4-5), which means 'God sows' or 'God scatters.'" To break Israel's bow means to put an end to Israel as an independent kingdom. This divine promise was fulfilled 25 years hence when Assyria conquered the northern kingdom and brought them into captivity. LASB God promises to extract Israel from the Land and scatter them elsewhere.
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