Matthew 27:29 - “And after twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand; and they knelt down before Him and mocked Him, saying, ‘Hail, King of the Jews!’” Mark 15:17 - “They dressed Him up in purple, and after twisting a crown of thorns, they put it on Him.” John 19:2 - “And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head and put a purple robe on Him.”
Matthew 27:27 - 31
ESV - 27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him. 28 And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him.
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The Roman soldiers under Pilate's command would have been aware that the charge regarding Jesus in His trial before Pilate had been that he had claimed to be a king (specifically, the king of the Jews as Pilate termed him in Matthew 27:11, Mark 15:2, Luke 23:3, and John 18:33). The plaiting of a "crown" of thorns for Jesus head, and the handing to Him of a "scepter" (which was actually a reed) were intended to be mocking gestures by the soldiers with reference to that claim. (That mockery would have been emphasized all the more to them based on the fact that, after the punishment the Jesus had already undergone, He presented a very "unkingly" figure to their unknowing eyes.) In fact, the "crown" and "scepter" (in addition to just being mockery) also only added to Jesus' pain and suffering by the wounds that the thorns would have caused, as well as the beating inflicted by the reed "scepter" recorded in Matthew 27:30 and Mark 15:19.
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