1 Corinthians 15:12 - 34
ESV - 12 Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised.
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Genesis 3:6 indicates that Adam was with Eve at the time of her transgression, with the implication (in my opinion) that he had been a witness to her temptation, but was complicit in her sin by apparently standing by passively without contradicting the serpent or otherwise intervening to protect her from Satan or to prevent her from disobeying God's command, as it would have been his responsibility to do (since the Bible characterizes Eve as having been created as a help for him (Genesis 2:18), and also refers to her as "the weaker vessel" (1 Peter 3:7)). He then compounded that guilt by eating of the fruit himself. (In addition, Eve was in a sense an extension of Adam, since she had been created from his rib (unlike Adam, who had been created from the dust of the ground), which might be said to further transfer her guilt to him.)
Eve ate [the fruit] first. This has led many people throughout history and even in our modern times to believe that she was the person responsible for original sin. Genesis 3:6 "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat." But because Eve was deceived (1 Timothy 2:14 -- JUB “And Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived in the rebellion;”) she’s not to be blamed, while Adam knew full well what he was doing, and thus, his sin is worse, and he should be blamed. Adam was created first from the dust of the ground (Genesis 2:7 -- “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” Dr. Georgia Purdom In the latter half of Romans 5, Paul teaches that God deals with the human race under a system known as “federalism.” Simply put, federalism has to do with representation, with 1 person acting on behalf of another. God has appointed 2 representatives in history: Adam and Christ. Adam did not represent the race well; he disobeyed God. As a result, all of his descendants are born with an inclination to sin, and they all share in his guilt and suffer the same penalty he received—death. This is what Paul means when he says in Romans 5:12 that “all sinned.” Ligonier
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