When evil people come to devour me, when my enemies and foes attack me, they will stumble and fall. (NLT)
ESV - 2 When evildoers assail me to eat up my flesh, my adversaries and foes, it is they who stumble and fall.
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So many foes! But, here are some more... 1 Samuel 2:12,-22, 29,34 -Eli' sons. 1 Samuel 31:6. King Saul, his three sons and his armorbearer 2 Samuel 18:14-17 Joab kills Absalom. (Joab was David's nephew) 1 Chronicles 20:8, they fell by the hand of David. 1 Chronicles 21:8, this is interesting..."So David said to God, 'I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing; but now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.'"...1Chronicles 21:13, "And David said to Gad, 'I am in great distress. Please let me fall into the hand of the Lord, for His mercies are very great; but do not let me fall into the hand of man." Wow, David recognizes safety with God even in sin! 1 Chronicles 21:16,17 - David and the elders fell before the angels of the Lord and prayed! Esther 8:7, the fall of Haman Nahum 1:8,9,10 - God's wrath on His enemies. Nahum 3:12, strongholds of Ninevah will fall like ripe figs. Acts 5:1-11, Ananias and Sapphira fall for lying to the Holy Spirit! Acts 9: 3-6 Saul/Paul falls before the LORD! There are so many! But I find this one very interesting too...John 18:5, "They answered Him, Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, 'I am He.' And Judas who betrayed Him, also stood with them. Now when He said to them, 'I am He,' they drew back and fell to the ground." The power and might of Our Lord is indescribable!
Since the cited passage was from a psalm of David, I would say that (in addition to other examples that could be noted from the Bible as a whole), the biblical account of David's life just by itself gives multiple examples of the individuals whom David might have had in mind with regard to God not allowing their plans, negative sentiments, or hostile actions against him to succeed or come to fruition, including: Eliab (1 Samuel 17:28) Goliath (1 Samuel 17:32-53) Saul (1 Samuel 18-31) Absalom (2 Samuel 15-18) Ahithophel (2 Samuel 15-17) Shimei (2 Samuel 16:5-13) Adonijah (1 Kings 1) Achish (king of Gath) and the Philistines (1 Samuel 21) Michal (2 Samuel 6:12-23) Hadad-ezer (king of Zobah-Hamath) (2 Samuel 8:3-5) Nations whom David defeated in war as the king of Israel (Philistines, Moabites, Syrians, Edomites, Ammonites, Amalekites)(2 Samuel 8)
David begins this Psalm with a bold declaration of faith. “The Lord is my light and my salvation — whom shall I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life— of whom shall I be afraid?“ Then in the referenced verse David says “When my enemies and foes advance against me, they will stumble and fall.” Why? Because God is fighting for him. I think the most amazing example of foes falling happened in the life of King Hezekiah of Judah. This event is so important in the history of the Jewish people it is recorded 3 times (Isaiah 36-37; 2 Kings 18; 2 Chronicles 32). King Sennacherib of Assyria comes to attack Jerusalem. King Hezekiah is helpless to defend the city, so he enquires of the Lord through the prophet Isaiah. God declares that he will protect and defend Jerusalem, that Sennacherib will never set foot in the city. Hezekiah models a great faith in God during this calamity. Sennacherib and his commanders mock God, saying that he would never be able to deliver Jerusalem from the Assyrian army. So God sends an angel of death to kill 185,000 Assyrian soldiers. As a result Sennacherib returns to Nineveh and is murdered by 2 of his sons in the temple of his God. Many foes fell on that day and God brought about a great deliverance for his people.
Brown-Driver-Briggs, (BDB), the Hebrew lexicon of the Old Testament lists this verb, 3 letters (3 “radicals”,--we called them this in seminary) as נָפַל433 verb fall, lie I believe this means this verb is found 433 times in the Old Testament. Sometimes it is used figuratively as “go to ruin” or “perish,” etc. (about 30 times); "" כָּרַע Psalm 20:7-8, especially Ps 20:8; figurative of earth Isaiah 24:20 (opposed to קוּם--"rise"), Haman falls before (לִפְנֵי) Mordecai Esther 6:13 (twice in verse); compare Isaiah 14:12 (absolute) where Satan falls from heaven “ How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!” I am comforted that one day God will right all wrongs. Sometimes He does this even in our lifetimes. What an awesome, just God we have!
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