I.e. Where exactly does God live? (Isaiah 57:15) 15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
ESV - 15 For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.
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I would say that God is omnipresent, including indwelling (in the Person of the Holy Spirit) each individual believer. However, when Jesus made references to His Father's abode or house (as in John 14:2), He was referring to a specific realm that is currently outside the dimensions of earthly space and time. At the close of the age, a new heaven and a new earth will be established, on which God will dwell eternally with the redeemed (Revelation 21:1-4).
My opinion is that it is not either eternity or within man but both. In the passage referenced in the question itself (Isaiah 57:15) God specifically states that he "inhabits eternity" (ESV) and that he dwells "also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit" (ESV). The KJV similarly agrees that God says he both inhabits eternity and also lives with people who are contrite and humble. I believe Isaiah subtly conveys the idea of God's omnipresence through God saying that he "dwells in the high and holy place" (KJV/ESV) at the same time that he is also dwelling with the contrite and lowly/humble. John 14:7 describes the difference between God living with us and God living within us. God has always lived with the contrite and lowly/humble (Isaiah 57:15) but Jesus says that God not only lives with his disciples, but will "be in" them. This most likely refers to the promise of the Holy Spirit (see Acts 2) who now dwells within those who by faith are disciples of Jesus.
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