Why is it important to make the distinction of time?
MSG - 17 There were fourteen generations from Abraham to David, another fourteen from David to the Babylonian exile, and yet another fourteen from the Babylonian exile to Christ.
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1. All this and much more, Jesus did by becoming what the first seventeen verses of Matthew's gospel proclaims: "...the Son of David, the Son of Abraham" 2. This genealogy of Jesus Christ... a. Establishes the right of Jesus to be the Messiah b. Reminds us of God's mercy 1) In the lives of Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba 2) In our own lives by fulfilling His promise to send Son to die for our sins GOD ALWAYS KEEPS HIS WORD... 1. He made promises... a. To Abraham b. To David c. Through Isaiah ...and the coming of Jesus, son of David, son of Abraham, fulfilled that promise! 2. We can therefore have confidence that God will keep His word! a. E.g., the promise of His Son's final coming - cf. Ac 1:9 b. There is no need to lose heart! 1) The duration between this promise and its fulfillment has barely reached the time between the promise made to Abraham and its fulfillment! 2) I.e., 2000 years passed, but God still kept His promise to Abraham 3) Likewise He will keep His promise to us! THE WAY IT IS DIVIDED... 1. Into three sections of fourteen names each - Mt 1:17 a. Abraham to David b. David to the Babylonian captivity c. Babylonian captivity to Jesus -- This may have been to facilitate committing to memory 2. Which may explain why some names were omitted a. Between Joram and Uzziah there were three kings (Ahaziah, Joash, & Amaziah) - cf. Mt 1:8 b. But such omission was not unusual in Jewish genealogies; minor figures were often deleted -- The main purpose was to establish essential connections, not minor details JESUS' "LEGAL" RIGHT TO DAVID'S THRONE IS ESTABLISHED... 1. Not His "fleshly" right, for Matthew describes Jesus as the adopted son of Joseph 2. Luke records the "fleshly" ancestry of Jesus in Lk 3:23-38 a. A record of His ancestry from His mother's side b. Where He is shown to have descended from David through Nathan, not Solomon -- A careful study of Lk 3 confirms this 3. This helps to answer a puzzling dilemma found in the OT a. God promised that the Messiah would come from the loins of David b. But a descendant through Solomon, Jeconiah (Mt 1:11), was so wicked that God promised none of his descendants would rule on the throne of David - Jer 22:24-30 c. How then would God fulfill His promise to David? 1) By a descendant from a son other than Solomon 2) Which Jesus was, having descended in the flesh from Nathan 4. So Jesus is both "legal" and "fleshly" heir to the throne of David... a. "Legal" heir by virtue of His adoption by Joseph, descendant of Solomon b. "Fleshly" heir by virtue of His birth by Mary, descendant of Nathan C. THE INSERTION OF FOUR MOTHER'S NAMES... 1. They are unique, not only to be included in such a list, but in that: a. Three were tainted in regards to moral purity 1) Tamar played a harlot 2) Rahab was a harlot 3) Bathsheba was an adulteress b. Ruth, though morally sweet and noble, mingled the royal blood line with Gentile blood! 2. Why mention these four women? Perhaps to suggest... a. The relation of Christ to the stained and sinful? b. Jesus would be a King to show mercy and pity to harlots, and open His kingdom to include Gentiles? [Whether this was Matthew's intention here, he does illustrate later that Christ extended mercy to the morally repugnant and would enlarge His kingdom to include all nations.
The only reason I can think of to answer the question is merely to trace Jesus' genealogy back to Abraham as well as to King David, and Jechoniah (verse 16) is a descendant of both men.
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